The Birds of Foula


The Island of Foula is the furthest west of the Shetland Islands.

Definitely not a complete list and many of the birds listed here are very rare visitors.


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Divers and Grebes

red throated diver Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata


Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica
Great Northern Diver Gavia immer
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great-crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Petrels

northern fulmar Fulmar Fulmar glacialis


Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus
Manx Shearwater Pufinus pufinus
Storm Petrel Hydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Pelicaniformes

Gannet Gannet Sula bassana


Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Shag Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis



Herons and Spoonbills

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia

Geese, Swans and Ducks

Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus
Bean Goose Anser fabilis
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus
Grey-lag Goose Anser anser
Canada Goose branta canadensis
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis
Brent Goose Branta bernicla
Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Wigeon Anas penelope
Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Pintail Anas acuta
Shoveler Anas clypeata
Pochard Aythya fuligula
Tufted Duck Aythya ferina
Scaup Aythya marila

male eider female eider Eider Somateria mollissima


Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra
Velvet Scoter melanitta fusca
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Red-brested Merganser mergus serrator
Goosander Mergus merganser

Birds of prey

White-tailed Eagle Haliaetus albicilla
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
Sparrow Hawk Accipiter nisus
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus
Gyr Falcon Falco rusticolus
Peregrine Falco peregrinus

Quail Coturnix coturnix

Rails, Crakes etc.

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana
Corncrake Crex crex
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Coot Fulica atra

Crane Grus grus

Waders

Oystercatcher Oystercatcher Haematropus ostralegus

ringed plover Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula

Gloden Plover Pluvialis apricaria
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Lapwing Lapwing Lapwing Vanellus vanellus

Knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus

Snipe Snipe Gallinago gallinago

Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica

Whimbrel Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Curlew Curlew Numenius arquata

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Tringa hypoleucos
Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Gulls, Skuas etc.


Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus

arctic skua Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus

Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus

great skua Great Skua Catharacta skua
Black-headed Gull Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus

Common Gull Common Gull Larus canus

lesser black=backed gull Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus

herring gull Herring Gull Larus argentatus

Iceland Gull Larus glacoides

Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus

Great Black-backed Gull Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus

Kittiwake Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandwivensis
Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea

Auks


guillemot Guillemot Uria aalge

razorbill Razorbill Alca torda

Black Guillemot Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle
Little Auk Alle alle

puffin Puffin Fratercula arctica

Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus

Doves


Rock Dove Columba livia
Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur

Cuckoos


Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythrophthalamus

Owls


Scops Owl Otus scops
Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
Swift Apus apus

Hoopoe Hoopoe Upupa epops

Woodpeckers


Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major

Passerines


Short-toed Lark Calandrella cinerea
Woodlark Lullula arborea
Skylark Alauda arvensis
Shore Lark Eremophila alpestris
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Swallow Hirundo rustica
House Martin Delichon urbica
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
Rock Pipit Anthus spinoletta
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba
Pied Wagtail Motacilla Alba yarelli
Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
Dipper Cinclus cinclus
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Dunnock Prunella modularis
Robin Erithacus rubecula
Nightingale Luscinia magarhynchos
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Stonechat Saxicola torquata
Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatrus
Balckbird Turdus merula
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
American Robin Turdus migratorius
Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina
Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisora
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curraca
Whitethroat Silvia communis
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis
Yellow Browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa stiata
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
Great Tit Parus major
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator
Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Rook Corvus frugilegus
Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone
Hooded Crow Corvus corone cornix
Raven Raven Corvus corax

Starling Starling Sturnus vulgaris

Rose-coloured Starling Sturnus roseus
White-shouldered Starling Sturnus sinensis
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Siskin Carduelis spinus
Linnet Acanthis cannabina
Twite Acanthis flavirostris
Redpoll Acanthis flammea
Arctic Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni
Two-barred Crossbill Loxia leucoptera
Crossbill Loxia curvirostera
Scarlet Rosefinch Carpodacus eruthrinus
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Slate-coloured Junco Junco hyemalis
Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus
Snow Bunting Plectophenax nivalis
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica
Chestnut Bunting Emberiza rutila
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
Lazuli Bunting Paserina amoena

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