Professor Sarah Birch

  • Professor of Comparative Politics (Politics)

telephone: 0141 330 6196
email: Sarah.Birch@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

Sarah Birch specialises in the study of ethics and misconduct. Her current research has two main foci: attitudes toward public ethics (including environmental ethics) and electoral integrity. She has published articles in journals including Comparative Political Studies, the European Journal of Political Research, the European Political Science Review, Political Studies, and Electoral Studies. Her most recent monograph is Electoral Malpractice (Oxford University Press, 2011), and she is soon to publish a monograph on corruption perceptions in the UK with co-author Nicholas Allen (Ethics and Integrity in British Politics: How Citizens Judge Their Politicians’ Conduct and Why It Matters, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014). Between 2002 and 2011 she served as Co-Editor of the British Journal of Political Science. She was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2013.

Grants

Explaining and Mitigating Electoral Malpractice, Funding received from the Economic and Social Research Council (£478,794). PI: Sarah Birch; Co-Is: Paul Cockshott, Iadh Ounis and Craig Macdonald (School of Computing Science at the University of Glasgow) and Jeff Fisher (Creative Associates, Washington DC). Project to start 1 April 2015 and run three years. The aim of the project is to develop a theoretical understanding of the factors that cause various types of electoral malpractice, and to evaluate strategies commonly employed to prevent this phenomenon. The project employs conventional cross-national comparative political science approaches, as well as incident-level analysis employing Big Data event detection techniques using social media. Project website.

Attitudes towards Political Ethics and Misconduct in France, British Academy, 2011-2013, £7,500 (Principal Investigator: Nicholas Allen)

Unequal Democracy: The Impact of Political Inequality, Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, 2011, £11,500 (Principal Investigator: Guy Lodge).

Perceptions and Conceptions of Political Misconduct: The British Public and Their Attitudes towards Political Ethics. Economic and Social Research Council (£74,116) and the British Academy (£7,500), 2009-2011 (Principal Investigator: Sarah Birch)

Electoral Malpractice in New and Semi-Democracies, British Academy, 2003-2004, £7,256 (Principal Investigator: Sarah Birch)

The Implementation of Electronic Voting, Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions, the Electoral Commission, the Local Government Association, the Innovation and Development Agency, and the Society of Local Authority Chief Executives, 2001-2002, £21,000 (Principal Investigator: Lawrence Pratchett)

Political Transformation and the Electoral Process in Post-Communist Europe, Economic and Social Research Council, 1999-2002, £133,449 (Principal Investigator: Frances Millard).

The Quality of Democracy in Ukraine: Representation in and after the March 1998 Ukrainian Elections, Economic and Social Research Council, 1997-1999, £30,000 (Principal Investigator: Andrew Wilson).

Supervision

Available to supervise students on topics related to electoral institutions and electoral processes; public ethics; environmental politics.

Scholarship Opportunity

University of Glasgow College of Social Sciences PhD Scholarship in data retrieval and electoral violence 

The University of Glasgow’s College of Social Sciences offers a PhD scholarship for the following project: ‘Measuring and Accounting for Spatial and Temporal Trends in Electoral Violence’. The aim of this project is to develop the data retrieval and analysis tools to identify, code, measure and account for spatial and temporal trends in electoral violence. The project will involve a joint collaboration between computing science and political science.

The PhD scholarship will cover a period of 48 months and includes a tuition waiver, an annual grant at the European Research Council recommended rates (£13,726 in 2013-14), and up to £5300 annually to support conference travel. Students from both EU and non-EU countries are encouraged to apply.

The candidate is expected to be in residence in the autumn of 2014, though there is some flexibility in this date.

The project

In recent decades, more states have begun to hold elections, but many of these events have been beset by violence. Addressing spatial and temporal patterns in electoral violence is thus an urgent social and political need in today’s world. One of the reasons why electoral violence is not better understood is that social scientists currently have limited data on the phenomenon, and data collection via traditional political science methods is difficult, due to the covert nature of electoral violence and due to the dangers associated with conventional fieldwork-based data collection techniques.

Gaining a clearer insight into the spatio-temporal dynamics of electoral violence will have multiple advantages for scholars and practitioners alike, shedding light on an under-studied phenomenon, providing policy-makers with an early-warning device and enabling practical strategies for combating electoral violence to be improved.

This cross-College interdisciplinary project will harness the power of ‘big data’ retrieval methodologies to develop a data collection tool that can be deployed in real time to monitor electoral violence via the collection of web-based information on incidents of electoral violence that occur before, during and after an election.

The project will also involve the use of the resulting data to model spatial and temporal trends in electoral violence with a view to understanding common patterns in its initiation and development.

The candidate

The candidate should have a good undergraduate degree in a mathematically literate subject such as Computing Science, Statistics, Maths, Physics, Econometrics or Computational Political Science. Their transcript must also show adequate marks on some programming courses.

Experience in developing software systems that process very large amounts of data is essential, as are data analysis/interpretation skills and a keen interest in international politics.

A working knowledge of statistical inferencing and/or text processing skills (classification, information retrieval etc.) would be desirable.

Experience working with large social media collections (e.g. Twitter) is also desirable.

The candidate will be expected to work processing large collections of Twitter feed information using the parallel computing facilities of the School of Computing Science. They will need to familiarise themselves with the existing corpus of tools developed by the School of Computing Science for the processing of such data, and carry out innovative research into the use of social media feeds to extract real-time political events.

The project team

Prof Sarah Birch (Principal investigator)

School of Social and Political Sciences
Sarah.birch@glasgow.ac.uk

Dr Paul Cockshott (Co-investigator)
School of Computing Science
William.cockshott@glasgow.ac.uk

Application procedure

For more information on this scholarship, please see: http://www.gla.ac.uk/services/postgraduateresearch/scholarships/kelvinsmith/recruitingscholarshipprojects/#MeasuringAccount

For the terms and conditions of the scholarship, including student eligibility, please see section 5 of the link below. For more specifics on the value and duration of the scholarship, see section 2: http://www.gla.ac.uk/media/media_298497_en.pdf

The candidate will be expected to commence the PhD in October 2014 (though a starting date of January 2015 would also be feasible).

Please contact the Prof. Sarah Birch, sarah.birch@glasgow.ac.uk, directly to enquire about applying for this scholarship.

The position will remain open until filled. 

Teaching

  • Corruption (Honours)
  • Authoritarianism (Honours)

Additional information

Sarah Birch has been involved in projects with a variety of intergovernmental organisations and initiatives, including the United Nations Development Programme, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, International IDEA, the Global Commission on Elections, Democracy and Security, and the United States Agency for International Development, as well as UK-based institutions such as the Electoral Commission, the Department for International Development, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Westminster Foundation for Democracy and the Association of Electoral Administrators. She has also contributed to popular media outlets including the BBC World Service, BBC Radio 4, the Independent and the Sun.

Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2005 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1995
Number of items: 42.

2016

Birch, S. (2016) Globalization and the quality of elections. In: Vowles, J. and Xezonakis, G. (eds.) Globalization and Domestic Politics: Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion. Series: Comparative study of electoral systems. Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 173-189. ISBN 9780198757986 (doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757986.003.0009)

2015

Birch, S., and Lodge, G. (2015) Voter engagement, electoral inequality and first time compulsory voting. Political Quarterly, 86(3), pp. 385-392. (doi:10.1111/1467-923X.12178)

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2015) Process preferences and British public opinion: citizens' judgements about government in an era of Anti-politics. Political Studies, 63(2), pp. 390-411. (doi:10.1111/1467-9248.12110)

Birch, S., Clarke, H. D., and Whiteley, P. (2015) Should 16-year-olds be allowed to vote in Westminster elections? Public opinion and electoral franchise reform. Parliamentary Affairs, 68(2), pp. 291-313. (doi:10.1093/pa/gsu019)

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2015) Ethics and Integrity in British Politics: How Citizens Judge Their Politicians' Conduct and Why it Matters. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. ISBN 9781107642348

Birch, S., and Allen, N. (2015) Judging politicians: the role of political attentiveness in shaping how people evaluate the ethical behaviour of their leaders. European Journal of Political Research, 54(1), pp. 43-60. (doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12066)

2014

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2014) Tempests and teacups: politicians' reputations in the wake of the expenses scandal. In: Van Heerde-Hudson, J. (ed.) The Political Costs of the 2009 British MPs' Expenses Scandal. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISBN 9781137034540

Birch, S., Cockshott, P., and Renaud, K. (2014) Putting electronic voting under the microscope. Political Quarterly, 85(2), pp. 187-194. (doi:10.1111/1467-923X.12071)

Sarmiento-Mirwaldt, K., Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2014) No sex scandals please, we're French: French attitudes towards politicians' public and private conduct. West European Politics, 37(5), pp. 867-885. (doi:10.1080/01402382.2014.911482)

2013

Wroe, A., Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2013) The role of political trust in conditioning perceptions of corruption. European Political Science Review, 5(2), pp. 175-195. (doi:10.1017/S1755773912000094)

Birch, S. (2013) Elections and voters. In: White, S., Lewis, P.G. and Batt, J. (eds.) Developments in Central and East European Politics 5. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, pp. 156-170. ISBN 9781137262998

2012

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2012) On either side of a moat? Elite and mass attitudes towards right and wrong. European Journal of Political Research, 51(1), pp. 89-116. (doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.01992.x)

2011

Birch, S. (2011) Post-Soviet electoral practices in comparative perspective. Europe-Asia Studies, 63(4), pp. 703-725. (doi:10.1080/09668136.2011.566431)

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2011) Political conduct and misconduct: probing public opinion. Parliamentary Affairs, 64(1), pp. 61-81. (doi:10.1093/pa/gsq007)

Birch, S. (2011) Electoral Malpractice. Series: Comparative politics. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN 9780199606160

2010

Birch, S. (2010) Perceptions of electoral fairness and voter turnout. Comparative Political Studies, 43(12), pp. 1601-1622. (doi:10.1177/0010414010374021)

Birch, S. (2010) Ukraine. In: Nohlen, D. and Stoever, P. (eds.) Elections in Europe: A Data Handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft: Baden-Baden, pp. 1967-1999. ISBN 9783832956097

2009

Birch, S. (2009) Real progress: prospects for Green Party support in Britain. Parliamentary Affairs, 62(1), pp. 53-71. (doi:10.1093/pa/gsn037)

Birch, S. (2009) Electoral corruption. In: Landman, T. and Robinson, N. (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics. Sage: Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 395-409. ISBN 9781412919760

Birch, S. (2009) Full Participation: A Comparative Study of Compulsory Voting. Manchester University Press: Manchester. ISBN 9780719077623

2008

Birch, S. (2008) Electoral institutions and popular confidence in electoral processes: a cross-national analysis. Electoral Studies, 27(2), pp. 305-320. (doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2008.01.005)

Birch, S. (2008) Ukraine: presidential power, veto strategies and democratisation. In: Elgie, R. and Moestrup, S. (eds.) Semi-Presidentialism in Central and Eastern Europe. Manchester University Press: Manchester, pp. 219-238. ISBN 9780719075353

2007

Birch, S. (2007) Electoral systems and electoral misconduct. Comparative Political Studies, 40(12), pp. 1533-1556. (doi:10.1177/0010414006292886)

Birch, S. (2007) Elections, electoral systems and party systems in the Visegrad states, 2005-2006. In: Hlousek, V. and Chytilek, R. (eds.) Parliamentary Elections and Party Landscape in the Visegrád Group Countries. Series: Comparative political science (7). CDK Democracy and Culture Studies Centre: Brno, pp. 11-22. ISBN 9788073251161

Birch, S. (2007) Electoral systems. In: White, S., Lewis, P. and Batt, J. (eds.) Developments in Central and East European Politics 4. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, pp. 161-173. ISBN 9780230517370

Wilson, A., and Birch, S. (2007) Political parties in Ukraine: virtual and representational. In: Webb, P. and White, S. (eds.) Party Politics in New Democracies. Series: Comparative politics. Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 53-83. ISBN 9780199289653 (doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289653.003.0003)

2005

Birch, S. (2005) Single-member district electoral systems and democratic transition. Electoral Studies, 24(2), pp. 281-301. (doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2004.06.002)

Birch, S. (2005) Parties and electorates in Ukraine: cultivating the grass-roots. In: Ayata, A. and Ayca, E. (eds.) Black Sea Politics: Political Culture and Civil Society in an Unstable Region. Series: International library of political studies (8). I.B. Tauris: London, pp. 41-61. ISBN 9781845110352

2003

Birch, S. (2003) Two-round electoral systems and democracy. Comparative Political Studies, 36(3), pp. 319-344. (doi:10.1177/0010414002250678)

Birch, S. (2003) Electoral Systems and Political Transformation in Post-Communist Europe. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISBN 9780333987650

Birch, S. (2003) Women and political representation in contemporary Ukraine. In: Matland, R.E. and Montgomery, K. (eds.) Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe. Series: Gender and politics. Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 130-152. ISBN 9780199246861

2002

Birch, S., Millard, F., Popescu, M., and Williams, K. (2002) Embodying Democracy: Electoral System Design in Post-Communist Europe. Series: One Europe or several?. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISBN 9780333993606

2001

Birch, S. (2001) Electoral systems and party systems in Europe East and West. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 2(3), pp. 355-377. (doi:10.1080/1570585018458768)

2000

Birch, S. (2000) Elections and Democratization in Ukraine. Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISBN 9780312234577

Birch, S. (2000) Elections and representation in post-communist Eastern Europe. In: Klingemann, H.-D. and Mochmann, E. (eds.) Elections in Central and Eastern Europe: The First Wave. Edition Sigma: Berlin, pp. 13-35. ISBN 9783894041953

Birch, S. (2000) Interpreting the regional effect in Ukrainian politics. Europe-Asia Studies, 52(6), pp. 1017-1041. (doi:10.1080/09668130050143815)

1999

Wilson, A., and Birch, S. (1999) Voting stability, political gridlock: Ukraine's 1998 parliamentary elections. Europe-Asia Studies, 51(6), pp. 1039-1068. (doi:10.1080/09668139998624)

1998

Birch, S. (1998) Electoral systems, campaign strategies, and vote choice in the Ukrainian parliamentary and presidential elections of 1994. Political Studies, 46(1), pp. 96-114. (doi:10.1111/1467-9248.00132)

Birch, S. (1998) In the shadow of Moscow: Ukraine, Moldova, and the Baltic Republics. In: White, S., Batt, J. and Lewis, P.G. (eds.) Developments in Central and East European Politics 2. Duke University Press: Durham, NC, pp. 59-80. ISBN 9780822321293

Birch, S. (1998) Party system formation and voting behaviour in the Ukrainian parliamentary elections of 1994. In: Kuzio, T. (ed.) Contemporary Ukraine: Dynamics of Post-Soviet Transformation. M.E. Sharpe: Armonk, NY, pp. 139-160. ISBN 9780765602237

1997

Birch, S. (1997) Nomenklatura democratization: electoral clientelism in post‐soviet Ukraine. Democratization, 4(4), pp. 40-62. (doi:10.1080/13510349708403535)

1995

Birch, S. (1995) Electoral behaviour in western Ukraine in national elections and referendums, 1989–91. Europe-Asia Studies, 47(7), pp. 1145-1176. (doi:10.1080/09668139508412313)

This list was generated on Sat Jul 23 13:40:14 2016 BST.
Number of items: 42.

Articles

Birch, S., and Lodge, G. (2015) Voter engagement, electoral inequality and first time compulsory voting. Political Quarterly, 86(3), pp. 385-392. (doi:10.1111/1467-923X.12178)

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2015) Process preferences and British public opinion: citizens' judgements about government in an era of Anti-politics. Political Studies, 63(2), pp. 390-411. (doi:10.1111/1467-9248.12110)

Birch, S., Clarke, H. D., and Whiteley, P. (2015) Should 16-year-olds be allowed to vote in Westminster elections? Public opinion and electoral franchise reform. Parliamentary Affairs, 68(2), pp. 291-313. (doi:10.1093/pa/gsu019)

Birch, S., and Allen, N. (2015) Judging politicians: the role of political attentiveness in shaping how people evaluate the ethical behaviour of their leaders. European Journal of Political Research, 54(1), pp. 43-60. (doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12066)

Birch, S., Cockshott, P., and Renaud, K. (2014) Putting electronic voting under the microscope. Political Quarterly, 85(2), pp. 187-194. (doi:10.1111/1467-923X.12071)

Sarmiento-Mirwaldt, K., Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2014) No sex scandals please, we're French: French attitudes towards politicians' public and private conduct. West European Politics, 37(5), pp. 867-885. (doi:10.1080/01402382.2014.911482)

Wroe, A., Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2013) The role of political trust in conditioning perceptions of corruption. European Political Science Review, 5(2), pp. 175-195. (doi:10.1017/S1755773912000094)

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2012) On either side of a moat? Elite and mass attitudes towards right and wrong. European Journal of Political Research, 51(1), pp. 89-116. (doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.01992.x)

Birch, S. (2011) Post-Soviet electoral practices in comparative perspective. Europe-Asia Studies, 63(4), pp. 703-725. (doi:10.1080/09668136.2011.566431)

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2011) Political conduct and misconduct: probing public opinion. Parliamentary Affairs, 64(1), pp. 61-81. (doi:10.1093/pa/gsq007)

Birch, S. (2010) Perceptions of electoral fairness and voter turnout. Comparative Political Studies, 43(12), pp. 1601-1622. (doi:10.1177/0010414010374021)

Birch, S. (2009) Real progress: prospects for Green Party support in Britain. Parliamentary Affairs, 62(1), pp. 53-71. (doi:10.1093/pa/gsn037)

Birch, S. (2008) Electoral institutions and popular confidence in electoral processes: a cross-national analysis. Electoral Studies, 27(2), pp. 305-320. (doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2008.01.005)

Birch, S. (2007) Electoral systems and electoral misconduct. Comparative Political Studies, 40(12), pp. 1533-1556. (doi:10.1177/0010414006292886)

Birch, S. (2005) Single-member district electoral systems and democratic transition. Electoral Studies, 24(2), pp. 281-301. (doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2004.06.002)

Birch, S. (2003) Two-round electoral systems and democracy. Comparative Political Studies, 36(3), pp. 319-344. (doi:10.1177/0010414002250678)

Birch, S. (2001) Electoral systems and party systems in Europe East and West. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 2(3), pp. 355-377. (doi:10.1080/1570585018458768)

Birch, S. (2000) Interpreting the regional effect in Ukrainian politics. Europe-Asia Studies, 52(6), pp. 1017-1041. (doi:10.1080/09668130050143815)

Wilson, A., and Birch, S. (1999) Voting stability, political gridlock: Ukraine's 1998 parliamentary elections. Europe-Asia Studies, 51(6), pp. 1039-1068. (doi:10.1080/09668139998624)

Birch, S. (1998) Electoral systems, campaign strategies, and vote choice in the Ukrainian parliamentary and presidential elections of 1994. Political Studies, 46(1), pp. 96-114. (doi:10.1111/1467-9248.00132)

Birch, S. (1997) Nomenklatura democratization: electoral clientelism in post‐soviet Ukraine. Democratization, 4(4), pp. 40-62. (doi:10.1080/13510349708403535)

Birch, S. (1995) Electoral behaviour in western Ukraine in national elections and referendums, 1989–91. Europe-Asia Studies, 47(7), pp. 1145-1176. (doi:10.1080/09668139508412313)

Books

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2015) Ethics and Integrity in British Politics: How Citizens Judge Their Politicians' Conduct and Why it Matters. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. ISBN 9781107642348

Birch, S. (2011) Electoral Malpractice. Series: Comparative politics. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN 9780199606160

Birch, S. (2009) Full Participation: A Comparative Study of Compulsory Voting. Manchester University Press: Manchester. ISBN 9780719077623

Birch, S. (2003) Electoral Systems and Political Transformation in Post-Communist Europe. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISBN 9780333987650

Birch, S., Millard, F., Popescu, M., and Williams, K. (2002) Embodying Democracy: Electoral System Design in Post-Communist Europe. Series: One Europe or several?. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISBN 9780333993606

Birch, S. (2000) Elections and Democratization in Ukraine. Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISBN 9780312234577

Book Sections

Birch, S. (2016) Globalization and the quality of elections. In: Vowles, J. and Xezonakis, G. (eds.) Globalization and Domestic Politics: Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion. Series: Comparative study of electoral systems. Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 173-189. ISBN 9780198757986 (doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757986.003.0009)

Allen, N., and Birch, S. (2014) Tempests and teacups: politicians' reputations in the wake of the expenses scandal. In: Van Heerde-Hudson, J. (ed.) The Political Costs of the 2009 British MPs' Expenses Scandal. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISBN 9781137034540

Birch, S. (2013) Elections and voters. In: White, S., Lewis, P.G. and Batt, J. (eds.) Developments in Central and East European Politics 5. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, pp. 156-170. ISBN 9781137262998

Birch, S. (2010) Ukraine. In: Nohlen, D. and Stoever, P. (eds.) Elections in Europe: A Data Handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft: Baden-Baden, pp. 1967-1999. ISBN 9783832956097

Birch, S. (2009) Electoral corruption. In: Landman, T. and Robinson, N. (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics. Sage: Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 395-409. ISBN 9781412919760

Birch, S. (2008) Ukraine: presidential power, veto strategies and democratisation. In: Elgie, R. and Moestrup, S. (eds.) Semi-Presidentialism in Central and Eastern Europe. Manchester University Press: Manchester, pp. 219-238. ISBN 9780719075353

Birch, S. (2007) Elections, electoral systems and party systems in the Visegrad states, 2005-2006. In: Hlousek, V. and Chytilek, R. (eds.) Parliamentary Elections and Party Landscape in the Visegrád Group Countries. Series: Comparative political science (7). CDK Democracy and Culture Studies Centre: Brno, pp. 11-22. ISBN 9788073251161

Birch, S. (2007) Electoral systems. In: White, S., Lewis, P. and Batt, J. (eds.) Developments in Central and East European Politics 4. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, pp. 161-173. ISBN 9780230517370

Wilson, A., and Birch, S. (2007) Political parties in Ukraine: virtual and representational. In: Webb, P. and White, S. (eds.) Party Politics in New Democracies. Series: Comparative politics. Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 53-83. ISBN 9780199289653 (doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289653.003.0003)

Birch, S. (2005) Parties and electorates in Ukraine: cultivating the grass-roots. In: Ayata, A. and Ayca, E. (eds.) Black Sea Politics: Political Culture and Civil Society in an Unstable Region. Series: International library of political studies (8). I.B. Tauris: London, pp. 41-61. ISBN 9781845110352

Birch, S. (2003) Women and political representation in contemporary Ukraine. In: Matland, R.E. and Montgomery, K. (eds.) Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe. Series: Gender and politics. Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 130-152. ISBN 9780199246861

Birch, S. (2000) Elections and representation in post-communist Eastern Europe. In: Klingemann, H.-D. and Mochmann, E. (eds.) Elections in Central and Eastern Europe: The First Wave. Edition Sigma: Berlin, pp. 13-35. ISBN 9783894041953

Birch, S. (1998) In the shadow of Moscow: Ukraine, Moldova, and the Baltic Republics. In: White, S., Batt, J. and Lewis, P.G. (eds.) Developments in Central and East European Politics 2. Duke University Press: Durham, NC, pp. 59-80. ISBN 9780822321293

Birch, S. (1998) Party system formation and voting behaviour in the Ukrainian parliamentary elections of 1994. In: Kuzio, T. (ed.) Contemporary Ukraine: Dynamics of Post-Soviet Transformation. M.E. Sharpe: Armonk, NY, pp. 139-160. ISBN 9780765602237

This list was generated on Sat Jul 23 13:40:14 2016 BST.