The USSR and its contribution to global environmental understanding and policy prescription, 1945-1991
Aims and objectives: This project aims to explore the nature and character of Russian/Soviet conceptualisations of society-nature interaction and its contribution to global environmental scientific understanding during the period 1945-1991 with particular reference to input from geographical and cognate environmental science disciplines.
- What key debates concerning society-nature interrelations took place in Soviet geographical and cognate environmental sciences during the period 1945-1991, and how far were such debates a sequel to those of an earlier period?
- To what extent were the debates mediated by ideological and political constraints?
- What was the significance of individual scientists such as A.A. Grigor’ev [1883-1968], I.P. Gerasimov [1905-1985], L.S. Berg [1876-1950], and V.N. Sukachev [1880-1967] for the development of the Soviet understanding of nature-society interaction?
- How far were Soviet conceptions of society-nature interrelations influenced by cultural, philosophical, and religious factors particular to Russia?
- To what extent were such conceptions mediated by the physical and institutional environments in which they arose and in which Russian scientific practices were implicated?
- In what ways, and to what extent, were Soviet geographers and environmental scientists influenced in their ideas by contemporaneous international discussions and conceptions concerning the global environment and what was the nature of their intellectual and practical contributions to international scientific endeavour?
ESRC Award Ref: RES-062-23-1734, January 2010-June 2013. In collaboration with Dr Denis Shaw (University of Birmingham).