Professor Charlotte Wright

  • Professor of Community Child Health (Medicine)
  • Associate Academic (Institute of Health and Wellbeing)

telephone: 01414516599
email: Charlotte.Wright@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

Profile

I am a paediatrician and epidemiologist who has developed an internationally recognised programme of research into growth, nutrition and screening in early childhood, which has provided important evidence to underpin child health practice worldwide.  My interest in nutrition began with the study failure to thrive but now extends to all aspects of growth and feeding in preschool children and obesity in older children.

In the past I have run two non-drug randomised trials one of them multi- centre as well as a before-and-after intervention study.   I have run two large, long-term cohorts studies.   The first, which attracted two Wellcome Trust grants, followed over three thousand subjects for up to 12 years.   In the latest we recruited a thousand subjects (via their mothers) immediately after birth and have maintained contact with them though infancy and into childhood.   This cohort study (Gateshead Millennium Study) has already attracted nearly £1 million in research funding and is now run as a consortium between Newcastle and Glasgow University.

I hold an honorary contract as a Consultant in Community Child Health with a special interest in Nutrition.  I run a tertiary feeding clinic for children with severe feeding problems, usually related to long term artificial feeding and have also established a primary care network for the management of weight faltering (failure to thrive).  I also have a long standing interest in the forensic assessment of sexual assault.


Research

Growth charts

Growth charts are used in almost all children worldwide to assess the normality of weight gain and identify children at risk. The newly published WHO charts now provide a standard for how all children under five should grow.  The UK was one of the first developed countries to adopt the WHO standard. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) was commissioned by the Department of Health to design new growth charts using the standard and to develop evidence-based instructions and supporting educational materials.

I lead the expert group which designed the charts.  The charts and supporting materials were published in May 2009 (downloadable from www.rcpch.ac.uk/Research/UK-WHO-Growth-Charts) for use by all new births in the UK.  A new round of work to develop charts for 4-20 year olds began in April 2010.

The charts already produced are now being used for preschool children throughout the UK, were described recently in a BMJ article and were also adopted by New Zealand in July 2010. The project generated a great deal of research data and secondary analyses that is  currently under submission or still being written up. The design process has revealed a lack of evidence for many aspects of chart use as well fundamental questions about their usefulness as clinical tools.  This has stimulated a new Glasgow based research collaboration, between Child Health, Nutrition and Medical statistics which will gather the evidence needed to design more effective growth charts for use worldwide.

We are also using data from the Southampton Womens’ study and ALSPAC to examine the extent to which the new WHO charts fit UK children in terms of head growth and weight gain.

Collaborators: Linda Haines RCPCH; Tim Cole ICH UCL; Tony Williams, St Georges; John McColl, Glasgow University; Hazel Inskip and Keith Godfrey, MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton.


Eating behaviour

We have recently published our experience of withdrawing tube feeding in these children and have also studied their energy regulation.  Further studies in this clinic population are a planned to look at the impact of high energy supplement drinks.

Feeding videos from the GMS cohort (see below) have been analysed using the Mellow Parenting assessment and most recently using a new observational measure of infant feeding. Questionnaire data from the whole cohort have also been used to develop a new infancy eating assessment scale and this will be further tested in at risk groups.

Collaborators: Christine Puckering, Andrea Sherriff, Helen Minnis, Glasgow University


Body composition

We have analysed Biolectrical impedance (BIA) data collected in mid-childhood from the Avon Longitudinal Study Of Pregnancy And Childhood (ALSPAC) in order to establish BIA norms and explore the extent to which adiposity tracks over time. We are currently working on data from the Gateshead Millennium Study (see below) examining the relationship between growth and eating behaviour in infancy and later adiposity, as  well as using maternal data to explore the validity of BIA in adulthood.

Collaborators: Andy Ness, Bristol University; John Reilly, John McColl, Andrea Sherriff, Glasgow University; Mark Pearce, Newcastle University.


Childhood obesity

MRC West of Scotland 11-16 Study
This analysis of existing health and lifestyle survey data for 2196 teenagers at ages 11 and 15 years explored patterns of weight gain and loss and their lifestyle and emotional correlates.  This led to an MRC studentship to explore factors that lead teenagers to become fat or slim down. Emily Smith, a PhD student, undertook a qualitative study of factors related to weight loss and gain in obese or formerly obese members of the cohort, now aged 22 years.

Collaborators: Helen Sweeting, Helen Minnis, Glasgow University. 

ACES programme
Greater Glasgow and Clyde NHS have just established a new large scale intervention programme (ACES) which offers locally based group interventions for children and their families, designed to incorporate the best evidenced components of previous experimental programmes.  A PhD student will be helping analysis demographic data from the study and surveying families and professionals about the programme.

Collaborator: Anne Scoular.


Nutritional screening

With support from NHS greater Glasgow we have developed a Paediatric Malnutrition Screening tool (PYMS) for use in children admitted to hospital to identify those at most nutritional risk.  New PhD work is now beginning to extend this screening to infancy and to test which measures most reliably predict nutritional risk in this age group.

Collaborator: Kostas Geramasimidis.


The Gateshead Millennium Study

This is a prospective study of infancy and early childhood. From June 1st 1999 to May 31st 2000 the study recruited 1029 babies at birth, who comprised 80% of babies born during recruiting weeks and resident in Gateshead. They were first studied via parental and staff questionnaires and the first phase of the main study closed with a health check at 13 months. A wide range of data were collected with a main purpose being to study feeding behaviour from birth and relate this to growth, as well as exploring the influence of social deprivation, maternal well being and child temperament. This phase of the study also provided detailed information on correlates of breast feeding cessation and the weaning process. In addition a number of other research questions were explored in the same cohort, including the prevalence of accidental injury, correlates of iron deficiency and use of and satisfaction with local services.  Analyses of the infancy data are still continuing, particularly the videos of meals (see above) collected as part of a nested cases control study.

In 2006, after the subjects had all entered school funding was obtained from a consortium headed by the MRC to undertake an extensive follow-up of the whole cohort in 2006/2007 looking at body composition, activity and diet, and the data collection was completed in December 2007. As well as supporting staff in Newcastle, there was also funding to support statistical work in Glasgow and to use data from the infancy phase to develop a new infancy feeding and eating assessment scale.

Collaborators: Ashley Adamson, Kathryn Parkinson, Anne Le Couteur, Newcastle University; Robert Drewett, Durham University; John McColl, Glasgow University.

Grants

Grants and Awards listed are those received whilst working with the University of Glasgow.

  • Evaluation of the Healthy Start Voucher Scheme in UK: a natural experiment using the Growing Up in Scotland record linkage study and the Infant Feeding Survey.
    National Institute for Health Research
    2015 - 2015
     
  • The role of weight gain in the identification of under and over nutrition: compiling a longitudinal growth dataset
    Scottish Executive Health Department
    2012 - 2013
     
  • Diet and Nutrition Survey of Infants and Young Children (DNSIYC)
    MRC
    2011 - 2011
     
  • Role of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in the development of obesity in a socio-economically deprived cohort of contemporary children: a longitudinal study
    Scottish Executive Health Department
    2008 - 2010
     
  • Development and implementation of WHO growth charts in UK
    Department of Health
    2008 - 2009
     
  • Developing an infancy feeding and eating scale
    Scottish Executive Health Department
    2007 - 2009
     
  • Early origins of obesity - developing strategies for intervention
    MRC
    2007 - 2008
     
  • What determines leanness and fatness in childhood and how do they track over time?
    British Heart Foundation
    2005 - 2007
     
  • Interrogation of the Starting Well Database (Phase one/Transition Phase_
    Greater Glasgow NHS Board
    2005 - 2007
     

Publications

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Number of items: 83.

2016

Mwase, I., Mutoro, A., Owino, V., Garcia, A. L., and Wright, C. (2016) Poor infant feeding practices and high prevalence of malnutrition in urban slum child care centres in nairobi: a pilot study. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 62(1), pp. 46-54. (doi:10.1093/tropej/fmv071) (PMID:26507408)

Franco-Villoria, M., Wright, C. M., McColl, J., Sherriff, A., and Pearce, M. S. (2016) The assessment of adult body composition using bioelectrical impedance: comparison of researcher calculated to machine outputted values. BMJ Open, 6(1), e008922. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008922) (PMID:26743700) (PMCID:PMC4716172)

Levine, D., Marryat, L., Cole, T. J., McColl, J., Harjunmaa, U., Ashorn, P., and Wright, C. (2016) Fit to WHO weight standard of European infants over time. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(5), pp. 455-460. (doi:10.1136/archdischild-2015-309594) (PMID:26883079)

2015

Fatima, S., Gerasimidis, K., Wright, C., Tsiountsioura, M., Arvanitidou, E.-I., and Malkova, D. (2015) Response of appetite and potential appetite regulators following intake of high energy nutritional supplements. Appetite, 95, pp. 36-43. (doi:10.1016/j.appet.2015.06.010) (PMID:26119811)

Wright, C., and Chillingworth, A. (2015) The impact of stopping high-energy oral nutritional supplements on eating behaviour and weight gain. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 100(11), pp. 1024-1027. (doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-307564) (PMID:25809349)

Wright, C., and Emond, A. (2015) Head growth and neurocognitive outcomes. Pediatrics, 135(6), e1393-e1398. (doi:10.1542/peds.2014-3172)

2014

Gerasimidis, K., Maclean, A., and Wright, C. (2014) Malnutrition screening tools need to be applied properly before they can be compared. Acta Paediatrica, 103(3), e94. (doi:10.1111/apa.12506)

Hobbs, C. J., and Wright, C. M. (2014) Anal signs of child sexual abuse: a case–control study. BMC Pediatrics, 14(128), (doi:10.1186/1471-2431-14-128)

2013

Garcia, A. L., Raza, S., Parrett, A., and Wright, C. M. (2013) Nutritional content of infant commercial weaning foods in the UK. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 98(10), pp. 793-797. (doi:10.1136/archdischild-2012-303386)

Smith, E., Sweeting, H., and Wright, C. (2013) ‘Do i care?’ young adults' recalled experiences of early adolescent overweight and obesity: a qualitative study. International Journal of Obesity, 37(2), pp. 303-308. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.40)

Mutoro, A.N., and Wright, C.M. (2013) Diagnosing childhood undernutrition and accuracy of plotting growth charts in Kenya. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 59(5), pp. 419-422. (doi:10.1093/tropej/fmt045)

Wright, C.M. (2013) Failure to wean? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 98(11), pp. 838-840. (doi:10.1136/archdischild-2013-304433)

2012

Gerasimidis, K. et al. (2012) Introduction of Paediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score - challenges and impact on nursing practice. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(23-24), pp. 3583-3586. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04164.x)

Wright, C.M., and Garcia, A.L. (2012) Child undernutrition in affluent societies: what are we talking about? Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 71(4), pp. 545-555. (doi:10.1017/S0029665112000687)

Wright, C.M., Sachs, M., Short, J., Sharp, L., Cameron, K., and Moy, R.J. (2012) Designing new UK-WHO growth charts: implications for health staff use and understanding of charts and growth monitoring. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 8(3), pp. 371-379. (doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00296.x)

Cole, T.J., Wright, C.M., and Williams, A.F. (2012) Designing the new UK-WHO growth charts to enhance assessment of growth around birth. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 97(3), F219-F222. (doi:10.1136/adc.2010.205864)

Sachs, M., Sharp, L., Bedford, H., and Wright, C.M. (2012) 'Now I understand': consulting parents on chart design and parental information for the UK-WHO child growth charts. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38(3), pp. 435-440. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01256.x)

Wright, C.M., Cox, K.M., Sherriff, A., Franco Villoria, M., Pearce, M.S., and Adamson, A.J. (2012) To what extent do weight gain and eating avidity during infancy predict later adiposity? Public Health Nutrition, 15(4), pp. 656-662. (doi:10.1017/S1368980011002096)

Shields, B., Wacogne, I., and Wright, C.M. (2012) Weight faltering and failure to thrive in infancy and early childhood. British Medical Journal, 345, e5931. (doi:10.1136/bmj.e5931)

2011

Cole, T.J., and Wright, C.M. (2011) A chart to predict adult height from a child's current height. Annals of Human Biology, 38(6), pp. 662-668. (doi:10.3109/03014460.2011.598189)

Gerasimidis, K., Macleod, I., Maclean, A., Buchanan, E., McGrogan, P., Swinbank, I., McAuley, M., Wright, C.M., and Flynn, D.M. (2011) Performance of the novel Paediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) in hospital practice. Clinical Nutrition, 30(4), pp. 430-435. (doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2011.01.015)

Cole, T.J., Williams, A.F., and Wright, C.M. (2011) Revised birth centiles for weight, length and head circumference in the UK-WHO growth charts. Annals of Human Biology, 38(1), pp. 7-11. (doi:10.3109/03014460.2011.544139)

Kane, L., Wright, C., Fariza, W.F., and Hetherington, M. (2011) Energy compensation in enterally fed children. Appetite, 56(1), pp. 205-209. (doi:10.1016/j.appet.2010.11.002)

Parkinson, K. N., Pearce, M. S., Dale, A., Reilly, J.J., Drewett, R. F., Wright, C.M., Relton, C. L., McArdle, P., Le Couteur, A. S., and Adamson, A. J. (2011) Cohort Profile: The Gateshead Millennium Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(2), pp. 308-317. (doi:10.1093/ije/dyq015)

Parkinson, K.N., Drewett, R.F., Jones, A.R., Dale, A., Pearce, M.S., Wright, C.M., and Adamson, A.J. (2011) When do mothers think their child is overweight? International Journal of Obesity, 35(4), pp. 510-516. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.260)

Robertson, J., Puckering, C., Parkinson, K., Corlett, L., and Wright, C. (2011) Mother–child feeding interactions in children with and without weight faltering; nested case control study. Appetite, 56(3), pp. 753-759. (doi:10.1016/j.appet.2011.02.016)

Wright, C., Smith, K.H., and Morrison, J. (2011) Withdrawing feeds from children on long term enteral feeding: factors associated with success and failure. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 96(5), pp. 433-439. (doi:10.1136/adc.2009.179861)

Wright, C.M. (2011) How does infant behaviour relate to weight gain and adiposity? In: Symposium II: Infant and childhood nutrition and disease, Glasgow, 5-6 April 2011, pp. 485-493. (doi:10.1017/S0029665111001649)

2010

Wright, C., Stone, D., and Parkinson, K.N. (2010) Undernutrition in British Haredi infants within the Gateshead Millennium Cohort Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(8), pp. 630-633. (doi:10.1136/adc.2009.172346)

Gerasimidis, K., Keane, O., Macleod, I., Flynn, D.M., and Wright, C.M. (2010) A four-stage evaluation of the Paediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score in a tertiary paediatric hospital and a district general hospital. British Journal of Nutrition, 104(5), pp. 751-756. (doi:10.1017/S0007114510001121)

Wright, C.M., Cameron, K., Tsiaka, M., and Parkinson, K.N. (2010) Is baby-led weaning feasible? When do babies first reach out for and eat finger foods? Maternal and Child Nutrition, 7(1), pp. 27-33. (doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00274.x)

Wright, C.M., Emmett, P.M., Ness, A.R., Reilly, J.J., and Sherriff, A. (2010) Tracking of obesity and body fatness through mid-childhood. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(8), pp. 612-617. (doi:10.1136/adc.2009.164491)

Wright, C.M., Williams, A.F., Elliman, D., Bedford, H., Birks, E., Butler, G., Sachs, M., Moy, R.J., and Cole, T.J. (2010) Practice pointer: Using the new UK-WHO growth charts. British Medical Journal, 340(c1140), pp. 647-650. (doi:10.1136/bmj.c1140)

2009

Sherriff, A., Reilly, J.J., Wright, C.M., McColl, J., Ness, A., and Emmett, P. (2009) Age and sex-standardised lean and fat indices derived from bioelectrical impedance anaylsis for ages 7-11 years: functional associations with cardio-respiratory fitness and grip strength. British Journal of Nutrition, 101(12), pp. 1753-1760. (doi:10.1017/S0007114508135814) (PMID:19025717)

Wright, C., Jeffrey, S., Ross, M., Wallis, L., and Wood, R. (2009) Targeting health visitor care: lessons from Starting Well. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 94(1), pp. 23-27.

2008

Hoddinott, P., Tappin, D., and Wright, C. (2008) Breast feeding. British Medical Journal, 336(7649), pp. 881-887.

Wright, C.M., Sherriff, A., Ward, S.C.G., McColl, J.H., Reilly, J.J., and Ness, A.R. (2008) Development of bioelectrical impedance-derived indices of fat and fat-free mass for assessment of nutritional status in childhood. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62(2), pp. 210-217. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602714)

Wright, C., Lakshman, R., Emmett, P., and Ong, K. (2008) Implications of adopting the WHO 2006 Child Growth Standard in the UK: two prospective cohort studies. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 93(7), pp. 566-569.

2007

Arnott, B., Le, C., Leekam, S., McConachie, H., Meins, E., Parkinson, K., Tandos, J., Turner, M., Vittorini, L., and Wright, C. (2007) Repetitive behaviours in typically developing 2-year-olds. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, pp. 1131-1138. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01778.x)

Corbett, S., Drewett, R., Durham, M., Tymms, P., and Wright, C. (2007) The relationship between birthweight, weight gain in infancy, and educational attainment in childhood. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 21, pp. 57-64.

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., Shipton, D., and Wright, C. (2007) How do toddler eating problems relate to their eating behavior, food preferences, and growth? Pediatrics, 120, e1069-e1075. (doi:10.1542/peds.2006-2961)

Haq, S., McGranachan, M., McInnes, R., and Wright, C. (2007) Who's keeping the code? Compliance with the international code for the marketing of breast-milk substitutes in Greater Glasgow. Public Health Nutrition, 10, pp. 719-725. (doi:10.1017/S1368980007441453)

Jorgensen, T., Olsen, E., Petersen, J., Skovgaard, A., Weile, B., and Wright, C. (2007) Failure to thrive: the prevalence and concurrence of anthropometric criteria in a general infant population. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92, pp. 109-114. (doi:10.1136/adc.2005.080333)

Weaver, L., and Wright, C. (2007) Image or reality: why do infant size and growth matter to parents? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92(2), pp. 98-100.

Wright, C.M., Kelly, A., and Wolfson, L. (2007) Nutrition, infant feeding and weaning. In: Levene, M.I. (ed.) MRCPCH Master Course. Series: MRCPCH study guide, 1st. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier: Edinburgh, UK, pp. 24-33. ISBN 9780443101434

2006

Black, M. et al. (2006) Failure to thrive as distinct from child neglect. Pediatrics, 117(4), pp. 1456-1458.

Cameron, F., Weaver, L., Welbury, R., and Wright, C. (2006) Dietary and social characteristics of children with severe tooth decay. Scottish Medical Journal, 51, pp. 26-29.

Clarke, M., Henderson, J., Hrisos, S., Kelly, T., and Wright, C. (2006) Unilateral visual impairment and neurodevelopmental performance in preschool children. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 90, pp. 836-838. (doi:10.1136/bjo.2006.090910)

Corbett, S., Drewett, R., and Wright, C. (2006) Physical and emotional development, appetite and body image in adolescents who failed to thrive as infants. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, pp. 524-531. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01529.x)

Darlington, A., and Wright, C. (2006) The influence of temperament on weight gain in early infancy. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 27, pp. 329-335.

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2006) How does maternal and child feeding behavior relate to weight gain and failure to thrive? Data from a prospective birth cohort. Pediatrics, 117, pp. 1262-1269. (doi:10.1542/peds.2005-1215)

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2006) The influence of maternal socioeconomic and emotional factors on infant weight gain and weight faltering (failure to thrive): data from a prospective birth cohort. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 91, pp. 312-317. (doi:10.1136/adc.2005.077750)

Reynolds, L., and Wright, C. (2006) How widely are personal child health records used and are they effective health education tools? A comparison of two records. Child: Care, Health and Development, 32, pp. 55-61.

Waterston, A., and Wright, C. (2006) Relationships between paediatricians and infant formula milk companies. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 91, pp. 383-385. (doi:10.1136/adc.2005.072892)

Wright, C., Parkinson, K., and Scott, J. (2006) Breast-feeding in a UK urban context: who breast-feeds, for how long and does it matter? Public Health Nutrition, 9, pp. 686-691. (doi:10.1079/PHN2005888)

2005

Buck, D., Clarke, M., Hrisos, S., Richardson, S., and Wright, C. (2005) Stereoacuity in unilateral visual impairment detected at preschool screening: Outcomes from a randomized controlled trial. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 46, pp. 150-154. (doi:10.1067/iovs.04-0672)

Cole, T., Dezateux, C., Waterston, A., and Wright, C. (2005) True status of supplement not made clear to reader. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90(10), p. 1098.

Minnis, H., Sweeting, H., and Wright, C. (2005) Psychosocial correlates of adolescent obesity, 'slimming down' and 'becoming obese'. Journal of Adolescent Health, 37(5), p. 409.

Moy, R., Summerfield, G., and Wright, C. (2005) Anemia is an important finding and is likely to respond to iron therapy. Pediatrics, 116(5), pp. 1258-1259.

Sweeting, H., Wright, C., and Minnis, H. (2005) Psychosocial correlates of adolescent obesity, [`]slimming down' and [`]becoming obese'. Journal of Adolescent Health, 37(5), p. 409.

Wright, C. (2005) What is weight faltering ("failure to thrive") and when does it become a child protection issue? In: Daniel, B. and Taylor, J. (eds.) Child Neglect: Practice Issues for Health and Social Care. Series: Best practice in working with children series. Jessica Kingsley: London, UK, pp. 166-185. ISBN 9781843101604

Wright, C. (2005) Growth charts for babies - New WHO charts are based on breast fed babies from rich and poor countries. British Medical Journal, 330(7505), pp. 1399-1400.

2004

Casiday, R., Wright, C., Panter-Brick, C., and Parkinson, K. (2004) Do early infant feeding patterns relate to breast-feeding continuation and weight gain? Data from a longitudinal cohort study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58, pp. 1290-1296. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601964)

Clarke, M., Hrisos, S., and Wright, C. (2004) The emotional impact of amblyopia treatment in preschool children - Randomized controlled trial. Ophthalmology, 111, pp. 1550-1556. (doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2003.12.059)

Cotterill, S., Wright, C., Pearce, M., and Craft, A. (2004) Stature of young people with malignant bone tumors. Pediatric Blood and Cancer, 42(1), pp. 59-63. (doi:10.1002/pbc.10437)

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2004) Mealtime energy intake and feeding behaviour in children who fail to thrive: a population-based case-control study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, pp. 1030-1035.

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2004) Why are babies weaned early? Data from a prospective population based cohort study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, pp. 813-816. (doi:10.1136/adc.2003.038448)

Goto, R., Lunn, P., Panter-Brick, C., and Wright, C. (2004) Immunostimulation and growth faltering in UK infants. American Journal of Human Biology, 16, pp. 581-587. (doi:10.1002/ajhb.20062)

Kelly, J., Parkinson, K., Summerfield, G., Trail, A., and Wright, C. (2004) The diagnosis of borderline iron deficiency: results of a therapeutic trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, pp. 1028-1031. (doi:10.1136/adc.2003.047407)

Parker, L., and Wright, C. (2004) Forty years on: the effect of deprivation on growth in two Newcastle birth cohorts. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, pp. 147-152. (doi:10.1093/ije/dyg187)

Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2004) Postnatal weight loss in term infants: what is ''normal'' and do growth charts allow for it? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89(3), F254-F257.

Wright, C., and Sharples, P. (2004) How to write a grant application. Current Paediatrics, 14, pp. 501-506.

2003

Anderson, J., Clarke, M., Henderson, J., Hrisos, S., Richardson, S., and Wright, C. (2003) Randomised controlled trial of treatment of unilateral visual impairment detected at preschool vision screening. British Medical Journal, 327, pp. 1251-1254.

Drewett, R., Kasese-Hara, M., and Wright, C. (2003) Feeding behaviour in young children who fail to thrive. Appetite, 40, pp. 55-60. (doi:10.1016/S0195-6663(02)00144-7)

2002

Booth, I., Buckler, J., Cameron, N., Cole, T., Healy, M., Hulse, J., Preece, M., Reilly, J., Williams, A., and Wright, C. (2002) Growth reference charts for use in the United Kingdom. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 86, pp. 11-14.

Hoare, K., Wright, C., Wilson, P., and Weaver, L. (2002) Disseminating weaning messages: an intervention trial. British Journal of Community Nursing, 7(4), pp. 196-200.

Kasese-Hara, M., Wright, C., and Drewett, R. (2002) Energy compensation in young children who fail to thrive. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 43, pp. 449-456.

O'Sullivan, J., Parker, L., Pearce, M., and Wright, C. (2002) The influence of age and gender on the relationship between birth weight and blood pressure in childhood: a study using 24-hour and casual blood pressure. European Journal of Pediatrics, 161, pp. 423-427. (doi:10.1007/s00431-002-0985-x)

Parker, L., and Wright, C. (2002) Implications of childhood obesity for adult health - Reply. British Medical Journal, 324(7338), p. 676.

Wright, C. (2002) The use and interpretation of growth charts. Current Paediatrics, 12, pp. 279-282.

2001

Kasese-Hara, M., Wright, C., and Drewett, R. (2001) Sweetness preference in 1-year-old children who fail to thrive. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 19(3), pp. 253-257.

Warrington, S., Wright, C., and Team, A. (2001) Accidents and resulting injuries in premobile infants: data from the ALSPAC study. Arch Dis Child, 85(2), pp. 104-107.

Wright, C., Parker, L., Lamont, D., and Craft, A. (2001) Implications of childhood obesity for adult health: findings from thousand families cohort study. British Medical Journal, 323(7324), pp. 1280-1284.

This list was generated on Thu Aug 25 23:04:29 2016 BST.
Number of items: 83.

Articles

Mwase, I., Mutoro, A., Owino, V., Garcia, A. L., and Wright, C. (2016) Poor infant feeding practices and high prevalence of malnutrition in urban slum child care centres in nairobi: a pilot study. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 62(1), pp. 46-54. (doi:10.1093/tropej/fmv071) (PMID:26507408)

Franco-Villoria, M., Wright, C. M., McColl, J., Sherriff, A., and Pearce, M. S. (2016) The assessment of adult body composition using bioelectrical impedance: comparison of researcher calculated to machine outputted values. BMJ Open, 6(1), e008922. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008922) (PMID:26743700) (PMCID:PMC4716172)

Levine, D., Marryat, L., Cole, T. J., McColl, J., Harjunmaa, U., Ashorn, P., and Wright, C. (2016) Fit to WHO weight standard of European infants over time. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(5), pp. 455-460. (doi:10.1136/archdischild-2015-309594) (PMID:26883079)

Fatima, S., Gerasimidis, K., Wright, C., Tsiountsioura, M., Arvanitidou, E.-I., and Malkova, D. (2015) Response of appetite and potential appetite regulators following intake of high energy nutritional supplements. Appetite, 95, pp. 36-43. (doi:10.1016/j.appet.2015.06.010) (PMID:26119811)

Wright, C., and Chillingworth, A. (2015) The impact of stopping high-energy oral nutritional supplements on eating behaviour and weight gain. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 100(11), pp. 1024-1027. (doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-307564) (PMID:25809349)

Wright, C., and Emond, A. (2015) Head growth and neurocognitive outcomes. Pediatrics, 135(6), e1393-e1398. (doi:10.1542/peds.2014-3172)

Gerasimidis, K., Maclean, A., and Wright, C. (2014) Malnutrition screening tools need to be applied properly before they can be compared. Acta Paediatrica, 103(3), e94. (doi:10.1111/apa.12506)

Hobbs, C. J., and Wright, C. M. (2014) Anal signs of child sexual abuse: a case–control study. BMC Pediatrics, 14(128), (doi:10.1186/1471-2431-14-128)

Garcia, A. L., Raza, S., Parrett, A., and Wright, C. M. (2013) Nutritional content of infant commercial weaning foods in the UK. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 98(10), pp. 793-797. (doi:10.1136/archdischild-2012-303386)

Smith, E., Sweeting, H., and Wright, C. (2013) ‘Do i care?’ young adults' recalled experiences of early adolescent overweight and obesity: a qualitative study. International Journal of Obesity, 37(2), pp. 303-308. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.40)

Mutoro, A.N., and Wright, C.M. (2013) Diagnosing childhood undernutrition and accuracy of plotting growth charts in Kenya. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 59(5), pp. 419-422. (doi:10.1093/tropej/fmt045)

Wright, C.M. (2013) Failure to wean? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 98(11), pp. 838-840. (doi:10.1136/archdischild-2013-304433)

Gerasimidis, K. et al. (2012) Introduction of Paediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score - challenges and impact on nursing practice. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(23-24), pp. 3583-3586. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04164.x)

Wright, C.M., and Garcia, A.L. (2012) Child undernutrition in affluent societies: what are we talking about? Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 71(4), pp. 545-555. (doi:10.1017/S0029665112000687)

Wright, C.M., Sachs, M., Short, J., Sharp, L., Cameron, K., and Moy, R.J. (2012) Designing new UK-WHO growth charts: implications for health staff use and understanding of charts and growth monitoring. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 8(3), pp. 371-379. (doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00296.x)

Cole, T.J., Wright, C.M., and Williams, A.F. (2012) Designing the new UK-WHO growth charts to enhance assessment of growth around birth. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 97(3), F219-F222. (doi:10.1136/adc.2010.205864)

Sachs, M., Sharp, L., Bedford, H., and Wright, C.M. (2012) 'Now I understand': consulting parents on chart design and parental information for the UK-WHO child growth charts. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38(3), pp. 435-440. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01256.x)

Wright, C.M., Cox, K.M., Sherriff, A., Franco Villoria, M., Pearce, M.S., and Adamson, A.J. (2012) To what extent do weight gain and eating avidity during infancy predict later adiposity? Public Health Nutrition, 15(4), pp. 656-662. (doi:10.1017/S1368980011002096)

Shields, B., Wacogne, I., and Wright, C.M. (2012) Weight faltering and failure to thrive in infancy and early childhood. British Medical Journal, 345, e5931. (doi:10.1136/bmj.e5931)

Cole, T.J., and Wright, C.M. (2011) A chart to predict adult height from a child's current height. Annals of Human Biology, 38(6), pp. 662-668. (doi:10.3109/03014460.2011.598189)

Gerasimidis, K., Macleod, I., Maclean, A., Buchanan, E., McGrogan, P., Swinbank, I., McAuley, M., Wright, C.M., and Flynn, D.M. (2011) Performance of the novel Paediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) in hospital practice. Clinical Nutrition, 30(4), pp. 430-435. (doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2011.01.015)

Cole, T.J., Williams, A.F., and Wright, C.M. (2011) Revised birth centiles for weight, length and head circumference in the UK-WHO growth charts. Annals of Human Biology, 38(1), pp. 7-11. (doi:10.3109/03014460.2011.544139)

Kane, L., Wright, C., Fariza, W.F., and Hetherington, M. (2011) Energy compensation in enterally fed children. Appetite, 56(1), pp. 205-209. (doi:10.1016/j.appet.2010.11.002)

Parkinson, K. N., Pearce, M. S., Dale, A., Reilly, J.J., Drewett, R. F., Wright, C.M., Relton, C. L., McArdle, P., Le Couteur, A. S., and Adamson, A. J. (2011) Cohort Profile: The Gateshead Millennium Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(2), pp. 308-317. (doi:10.1093/ije/dyq015)

Parkinson, K.N., Drewett, R.F., Jones, A.R., Dale, A., Pearce, M.S., Wright, C.M., and Adamson, A.J. (2011) When do mothers think their child is overweight? International Journal of Obesity, 35(4), pp. 510-516. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.260)

Robertson, J., Puckering, C., Parkinson, K., Corlett, L., and Wright, C. (2011) Mother–child feeding interactions in children with and without weight faltering; nested case control study. Appetite, 56(3), pp. 753-759. (doi:10.1016/j.appet.2011.02.016)

Wright, C., Smith, K.H., and Morrison, J. (2011) Withdrawing feeds from children on long term enteral feeding: factors associated with success and failure. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 96(5), pp. 433-439. (doi:10.1136/adc.2009.179861)

Wright, C., Stone, D., and Parkinson, K.N. (2010) Undernutrition in British Haredi infants within the Gateshead Millennium Cohort Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(8), pp. 630-633. (doi:10.1136/adc.2009.172346)

Gerasimidis, K., Keane, O., Macleod, I., Flynn, D.M., and Wright, C.M. (2010) A four-stage evaluation of the Paediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score in a tertiary paediatric hospital and a district general hospital. British Journal of Nutrition, 104(5), pp. 751-756. (doi:10.1017/S0007114510001121)

Wright, C.M., Cameron, K., Tsiaka, M., and Parkinson, K.N. (2010) Is baby-led weaning feasible? When do babies first reach out for and eat finger foods? Maternal and Child Nutrition, 7(1), pp. 27-33. (doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2010.00274.x)

Wright, C.M., Emmett, P.M., Ness, A.R., Reilly, J.J., and Sherriff, A. (2010) Tracking of obesity and body fatness through mid-childhood. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(8), pp. 612-617. (doi:10.1136/adc.2009.164491)

Wright, C.M., Williams, A.F., Elliman, D., Bedford, H., Birks, E., Butler, G., Sachs, M., Moy, R.J., and Cole, T.J. (2010) Practice pointer: Using the new UK-WHO growth charts. British Medical Journal, 340(c1140), pp. 647-650. (doi:10.1136/bmj.c1140)

Sherriff, A., Reilly, J.J., Wright, C.M., McColl, J., Ness, A., and Emmett, P. (2009) Age and sex-standardised lean and fat indices derived from bioelectrical impedance anaylsis for ages 7-11 years: functional associations with cardio-respiratory fitness and grip strength. British Journal of Nutrition, 101(12), pp. 1753-1760. (doi:10.1017/S0007114508135814) (PMID:19025717)

Wright, C., Jeffrey, S., Ross, M., Wallis, L., and Wood, R. (2009) Targeting health visitor care: lessons from Starting Well. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 94(1), pp. 23-27.

Hoddinott, P., Tappin, D., and Wright, C. (2008) Breast feeding. British Medical Journal, 336(7649), pp. 881-887.

Wright, C.M., Sherriff, A., Ward, S.C.G., McColl, J.H., Reilly, J.J., and Ness, A.R. (2008) Development of bioelectrical impedance-derived indices of fat and fat-free mass for assessment of nutritional status in childhood. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62(2), pp. 210-217. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602714)

Wright, C., Lakshman, R., Emmett, P., and Ong, K. (2008) Implications of adopting the WHO 2006 Child Growth Standard in the UK: two prospective cohort studies. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 93(7), pp. 566-569.

Arnott, B., Le, C., Leekam, S., McConachie, H., Meins, E., Parkinson, K., Tandos, J., Turner, M., Vittorini, L., and Wright, C. (2007) Repetitive behaviours in typically developing 2-year-olds. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, pp. 1131-1138. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01778.x)

Corbett, S., Drewett, R., Durham, M., Tymms, P., and Wright, C. (2007) The relationship between birthweight, weight gain in infancy, and educational attainment in childhood. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 21, pp. 57-64.

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., Shipton, D., and Wright, C. (2007) How do toddler eating problems relate to their eating behavior, food preferences, and growth? Pediatrics, 120, e1069-e1075. (doi:10.1542/peds.2006-2961)

Haq, S., McGranachan, M., McInnes, R., and Wright, C. (2007) Who's keeping the code? Compliance with the international code for the marketing of breast-milk substitutes in Greater Glasgow. Public Health Nutrition, 10, pp. 719-725. (doi:10.1017/S1368980007441453)

Jorgensen, T., Olsen, E., Petersen, J., Skovgaard, A., Weile, B., and Wright, C. (2007) Failure to thrive: the prevalence and concurrence of anthropometric criteria in a general infant population. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92, pp. 109-114. (doi:10.1136/adc.2005.080333)

Weaver, L., and Wright, C. (2007) Image or reality: why do infant size and growth matter to parents? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92(2), pp. 98-100.

Black, M. et al. (2006) Failure to thrive as distinct from child neglect. Pediatrics, 117(4), pp. 1456-1458.

Cameron, F., Weaver, L., Welbury, R., and Wright, C. (2006) Dietary and social characteristics of children with severe tooth decay. Scottish Medical Journal, 51, pp. 26-29.

Clarke, M., Henderson, J., Hrisos, S., Kelly, T., and Wright, C. (2006) Unilateral visual impairment and neurodevelopmental performance in preschool children. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 90, pp. 836-838. (doi:10.1136/bjo.2006.090910)

Corbett, S., Drewett, R., and Wright, C. (2006) Physical and emotional development, appetite and body image in adolescents who failed to thrive as infants. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, pp. 524-531. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01529.x)

Darlington, A., and Wright, C. (2006) The influence of temperament on weight gain in early infancy. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 27, pp. 329-335.

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2006) How does maternal and child feeding behavior relate to weight gain and failure to thrive? Data from a prospective birth cohort. Pediatrics, 117, pp. 1262-1269. (doi:10.1542/peds.2005-1215)

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2006) The influence of maternal socioeconomic and emotional factors on infant weight gain and weight faltering (failure to thrive): data from a prospective birth cohort. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 91, pp. 312-317. (doi:10.1136/adc.2005.077750)

Reynolds, L., and Wright, C. (2006) How widely are personal child health records used and are they effective health education tools? A comparison of two records. Child: Care, Health and Development, 32, pp. 55-61.

Waterston, A., and Wright, C. (2006) Relationships between paediatricians and infant formula milk companies. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 91, pp. 383-385. (doi:10.1136/adc.2005.072892)

Wright, C., Parkinson, K., and Scott, J. (2006) Breast-feeding in a UK urban context: who breast-feeds, for how long and does it matter? Public Health Nutrition, 9, pp. 686-691. (doi:10.1079/PHN2005888)

Buck, D., Clarke, M., Hrisos, S., Richardson, S., and Wright, C. (2005) Stereoacuity in unilateral visual impairment detected at preschool screening: Outcomes from a randomized controlled trial. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 46, pp. 150-154. (doi:10.1067/iovs.04-0672)

Cole, T., Dezateux, C., Waterston, A., and Wright, C. (2005) True status of supplement not made clear to reader. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90(10), p. 1098.

Minnis, H., Sweeting, H., and Wright, C. (2005) Psychosocial correlates of adolescent obesity, 'slimming down' and 'becoming obese'. Journal of Adolescent Health, 37(5), p. 409.

Moy, R., Summerfield, G., and Wright, C. (2005) Anemia is an important finding and is likely to respond to iron therapy. Pediatrics, 116(5), pp. 1258-1259.

Sweeting, H., Wright, C., and Minnis, H. (2005) Psychosocial correlates of adolescent obesity, [`]slimming down' and [`]becoming obese'. Journal of Adolescent Health, 37(5), p. 409.

Wright, C. (2005) Growth charts for babies - New WHO charts are based on breast fed babies from rich and poor countries. British Medical Journal, 330(7505), pp. 1399-1400.

Casiday, R., Wright, C., Panter-Brick, C., and Parkinson, K. (2004) Do early infant feeding patterns relate to breast-feeding continuation and weight gain? Data from a longitudinal cohort study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58, pp. 1290-1296. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601964)

Clarke, M., Hrisos, S., and Wright, C. (2004) The emotional impact of amblyopia treatment in preschool children - Randomized controlled trial. Ophthalmology, 111, pp. 1550-1556. (doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2003.12.059)

Cotterill, S., Wright, C., Pearce, M., and Craft, A. (2004) Stature of young people with malignant bone tumors. Pediatric Blood and Cancer, 42(1), pp. 59-63. (doi:10.1002/pbc.10437)

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2004) Mealtime energy intake and feeding behaviour in children who fail to thrive: a population-based case-control study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, pp. 1030-1035.

Drewett, R., Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2004) Why are babies weaned early? Data from a prospective population based cohort study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, pp. 813-816. (doi:10.1136/adc.2003.038448)

Goto, R., Lunn, P., Panter-Brick, C., and Wright, C. (2004) Immunostimulation and growth faltering in UK infants. American Journal of Human Biology, 16, pp. 581-587. (doi:10.1002/ajhb.20062)

Kelly, J., Parkinson, K., Summerfield, G., Trail, A., and Wright, C. (2004) The diagnosis of borderline iron deficiency: results of a therapeutic trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, pp. 1028-1031. (doi:10.1136/adc.2003.047407)

Parker, L., and Wright, C. (2004) Forty years on: the effect of deprivation on growth in two Newcastle birth cohorts. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, pp. 147-152. (doi:10.1093/ije/dyg187)

Parkinson, K., and Wright, C. (2004) Postnatal weight loss in term infants: what is ''normal'' and do growth charts allow for it? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89(3), F254-F257.

Wright, C., and Sharples, P. (2004) How to write a grant application. Current Paediatrics, 14, pp. 501-506.

Anderson, J., Clarke, M., Henderson, J., Hrisos, S., Richardson, S., and Wright, C. (2003) Randomised controlled trial of treatment of unilateral visual impairment detected at preschool vision screening. British Medical Journal, 327, pp. 1251-1254.

Drewett, R., Kasese-Hara, M., and Wright, C. (2003) Feeding behaviour in young children who fail to thrive. Appetite, 40, pp. 55-60. (doi:10.1016/S0195-6663(02)00144-7)

Booth, I., Buckler, J., Cameron, N., Cole, T., Healy, M., Hulse, J., Preece, M., Reilly, J., Williams, A., and Wright, C. (2002) Growth reference charts for use in the United Kingdom. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 86, pp. 11-14.

Hoare, K., Wright, C., Wilson, P., and Weaver, L. (2002) Disseminating weaning messages: an intervention trial. British Journal of Community Nursing, 7(4), pp. 196-200.

Kasese-Hara, M., Wright, C., and Drewett, R. (2002) Energy compensation in young children who fail to thrive. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 43, pp. 449-456.

O'Sullivan, J., Parker, L., Pearce, M., and Wright, C. (2002) The influence of age and gender on the relationship between birth weight and blood pressure in childhood: a study using 24-hour and casual blood pressure. European Journal of Pediatrics, 161, pp. 423-427. (doi:10.1007/s00431-002-0985-x)

Parker, L., and Wright, C. (2002) Implications of childhood obesity for adult health - Reply. British Medical Journal, 324(7338), p. 676.

Wright, C. (2002) The use and interpretation of growth charts. Current Paediatrics, 12, pp. 279-282.

Kasese-Hara, M., Wright, C., and Drewett, R. (2001) Sweetness preference in 1-year-old children who fail to thrive. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 19(3), pp. 253-257.

Warrington, S., Wright, C., and Team, A. (2001) Accidents and resulting injuries in premobile infants: data from the ALSPAC study. Arch Dis Child, 85(2), pp. 104-107.

Wright, C., Parker, L., Lamont, D., and Craft, A. (2001) Implications of childhood obesity for adult health: findings from thousand families cohort study. British Medical Journal, 323(7324), pp. 1280-1284.

Book Sections

Wright, C.M., Kelly, A., and Wolfson, L. (2007) Nutrition, infant feeding and weaning. In: Levene, M.I. (ed.) MRCPCH Master Course. Series: MRCPCH study guide, 1st. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier: Edinburgh, UK, pp. 24-33. ISBN 9780443101434

Wright, C. (2005) What is weight faltering ("failure to thrive") and when does it become a child protection issue? In: Daniel, B. and Taylor, J. (eds.) Child Neglect: Practice Issues for Health and Social Care. Series: Best practice in working with children series. Jessica Kingsley: London, UK, pp. 166-185. ISBN 9781843101604

Conference Proceedings

Wright, C.M. (2011) How does infant behaviour relate to weight gain and adiposity? In: Symposium II: Infant and childhood nutrition and disease, Glasgow, 5-6 April 2011, pp. 485-493. (doi:10.1017/S0029665111001649)

This list was generated on Thu Aug 25 23:04:29 2016 BST.