Dr Vernon Phoenix

  • Reader (School of Geographical and Earth Sciences)

telephone: 01413305474
email: Vernon.Phoenix@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

Vernon Phoenix

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Pollutant Transport and Fate

Characterising the transport and fate of pollutants is key to predicting and controlling pollution behaviour in the natural environment and in engineered systems such as waste water treatment plants.  To develop better understanding of pollution transport, we utilize MRI to ‘look inside’ sediment, rocks and biofilms and image the movement of pollutants within. Our focus is on the use of paramagnetically labelled pollutants; the paramagnetic label making the pollutant readily visible to MRI.  Using this approach we are imaging the transport and fate of nanoparticles, heavy metals and organics.  This enables us to develop new understanding of the transport and fate of these pollutants in a diverse range of systems, ranging from river beds and aquifers to biofilms in waste-water treatment systems.

Microbial Geochemistry and Environmental Biotechnology

Bacteria play a fundamental role in controlling the cycling of (heavy) metals in natural systems. We are interested in how these organisms control metal cycling and mineral precipitation. In particular we are currently focussed on 1) microbial mineral plugging and 2) bioremediation of nanoparticles.

1) Microbial mineral plugging is the use of bacterially precipitated minerals to plug porosity in rock and sediment. We are developing this technique as a means to prevent pollutant migration in groundwater.

2) Despite the rapid increase in the use of industrial nanoparticles, there are no dedicated remediation strategies designed to deal with nanoparticle pollution events in ground-waters and soils. We are developing bioremediation methods designed specifically for nanoparticles.

We are also examining the role bacteria play in the weathering of historic buildings in Scotland

Past interests have focussed on the role of the bacterial surface as a reactive interface, and subsequently its role in metal adsorption

Exobiology

We examine how the Earth's earliest life forms, bacteria, inhabited our planet billions of years ago.  We also examine how life have have evolved and may still exist on other planets such as Mars. To better understand how life survived in these extreme habitats we utilize modern day environments, such as the Chilean Altiplano, and laboratory simulations to provide contemporary analogous for these systems

Biography

Reader (August 2011 - present) University of Glasgow.

Lecturer (July 2010 - July 2011) University of Glasgow.

RCUK Academic Fellow (July 2005 - July 2010) University of Glasgow.

Research Associate (March 2004 – June 2005) University of Guelph, Canada.

Postdoctoral Research Fellow (March 2001 – Feb 2004) University of Toronto, Canada.

Ph.D. (1997-2001) University of Leeds, UK.

M.Sc. Geochemistry (1996-1997) University of Leeds, UK.

Research and Development (1995-1996) Ayton Products Ltd, UK.

B.Sc.(Hons) Geology (1992-1995) University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK.

Selected publications

Grants

Phoenix V.R,. Toney, J.L. and Quince C (2013-2017) Preservation and detection of molecular signatures of life under cold, high-solar-flux, liquid-water unstable conditions. £103k. UK Space Agency (ST/L002183/1)

Phoenix V.R., and Holmes W.M. (2012-2015) The black box opened: non-invasive observation of nanoparticle transport in rock pore systems.  £450k (EPSRC EP/J017493/1).  Joint proposal with Tellham J.H., Stevenson CTE and Riley MS, University of Birmingham (total £650k).

Cusack, M., Phoenix V.R., and Kamenos, K.N. (2011-2015) Biomineralisation, protein and mineral response to ocean acidification £255k. Leverhulme Trust.

Haynes, H, ...Phoenix, V.R. (Co-I with 11 others) (2011-12). Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in interdisciplinary science and engineering research: 3D analysis of fluid-material interaction, £40k (Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland)

Phoenix V.R. and Holmes W.M. (2009-2010). Opening the black box: Imaging nanoparticle transport with magnetic resonance imaging. £29k (NERC NE/G010269/1).

Dorea, C., Pulford, I., Haynes, H. and Phoenix, V.R. (2009-2013) Towards a more rational design for Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems. Lord Kelvin/Adam Smith (Ph.D. scholarship plus £22,000 research costs).

Phoenix V.R. (2009-2011) Bug-free prostheses: Reducing infection risk and improving reliability £8k (EPSRC EP/H024603/1). PI, R. Lunn (Strathclyde), total: £202k.

Phoenix V.R. (2009-2013) Bacteriogenic barries to flow, £350k. Part of consortium bid (EPSRC EP/G063699/1). Biogeochemical applications in nuclear decomissioning and waste disposal. PI R.J. Lunn (Strathclyde) £2.1M

Phoenix, V. R., Holmes, W. M. and Sloan, W. T. (2009-2011) Magnetic resonance imaging of biofilm mass transport processes with gadolinium tracers. £296k (EPSRC EP/G028443/1).

Lee M.R. & Phoenix V.R. (2007-2010) The impact of climate change on weathering in urban environments: prediction and mitigation. NERC/CASE Ph.D. scholarship (NE/F006403/1). Co-Is, C. Kennedy (Historic Scotland) & E. Hyslop (BGS)

Phoenix V.R. Holmes W.M & Sloan W.T. (2007-2011). Quantifying Mass Transport in Biofilms with Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Lord Kelvin/Adam Smith (Ph.D. Scholarship plus £22,000 research costs)

Phoenix V.R. (2006) Coupled arsenic and ultraviolet radiation resistance in cyanobacteria from the El Tatio geyser field, Chile. £1.4k (Nuffield foundation URB/33085)

Phoenix V.R. (2006) Impact of solar radiation on near surface microbiology of the Chilean Altiplano: A Mars analogue. £1.9k (Carnegie Turst for the Universities of Scotland)

Supervision

  • Rebecca Skuce (PhD candidate)
  • James Minto (PhD candidate)
  • Nick Thomas (PhD candidate)
  • Philippe Nauny (PhD candidate)
  • Matsyendra Nath Shukla (post-doc)

Past members

  • Dr. Laura Duthie (PhD candidate)
  • Dr. Baheerathan Ramanan (PhD candidate)
  • Dr Dominique Tobler (post-doc)
  • Dr Susi Lakshmanan (post-doc)
  • Dr Marnie Norris (PhD candidate)

Teaching

  • Earth Science 2P, materials (Level 2)
  • Earth Science 2R, sedimentology (level 2)
  • Sedimentology (level 3)
  • Hydrogeology and Environmental Geoscience (level 3/4)
  • Arran residential field class (level 2)
  • Scarborough Petroleum Geology residential field course (level 4)

 

All publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001
Number of items: 37.

2015

Lakshmanan, S., Holmes, W. M., Sloan, W. T., and Phoenix, V. R. (2015) Nanoparticle transport in saturated porous medium using magnetic resonance imaging. Chemical Engineering Journal, 266, pp. 156-162. (doi:10.1016/j.cej.2014.12.076)

Fitzer, S. C., Zhu, W., Tanner, K. E., Phoenix, V. R., Kamenos, N. A., and Cusack, M. (2015) Ocean acidification alters the material properties of Mytilus edulis shells. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 12(103), p. 20141227. (doi:10.1098/rsif.2014.1227) (PMID:25540244)

Couto, J. M., Ijaz, U. Z., Phoenix, V. R., Schirmer, M., and Sloan, W. T. (2015) Metagenomic sequencing unravels gene fragments with phylogenetic signatures of O2-tolerant NiFe membrane-bound hydrogenases in lacustrine sediment. Current Microbiology, (doi:10.1007/s00284-015-0846-2) (Early Online Publication)

Lakshmanan , S., Holmes, W. M., Sloan, W. T., and Phoenix, V. R. (2015) Characterization of nanoparticle transport through quartz and dolomite gravels by magnetic resonance imaging. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, (doi:10.1007/s13762-015-0767-4) (Early Online Publication)

2014

Dienerowitz, M., Cowan, L. V., Gibson, G. M., Hay, R., Padgett, M. J., and Phoenix, V. R. (2014) Optically trapped bacteria pairs reveal discrete motile response to control aggregation upon cell–cell approach. Current Microbiology, 69(5), pp. 669-674. (doi:10.1007/s00284-014-0641-5) (PMID:24965235) (PMCID:PMC4201752)

Fitzer, S. C., Cusack, M., Phoenix, V. R., and Kamenos, N. A. (2014) Ocean acidification reduces the crystallographic control in juvenile mussel shells. Journal of Structural Biology, 188(1), pp. 39-45. (doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2014.08.007)

Fitzer, S. C., Phoenix, V. R., Cusack, M., and Kamenos, N. A. (2014) Ocean acidification impacts mussel control on biomineralisation. Scientific Reports, 4, p. 6218. (doi:10.1038/srep06218)

Tobler, D. J., Cuthbert, M. O., and Phoenix, V. R. (2014) Transport of Sporosarcina pasteurii in sandstone and its significance for subsurface engineering technologies. Applied Geochemistry, 42, pp. 38-44. (doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.01.004)

2013

Cuthbert, M. O., McMillan, L. A., Handley-Sidhu, S., Riley, M. S., Tobler, D. J., and Phoenix, V. R. (2013) A field and modeling study of fractured rock permeability reduction using microbially induced calcite precipitation. Environmental Science & Technology, 47(23), pp. 13637-13643. (doi:10.1021/es402601g)

Sham, E., Mantle, M.D., Mitchell, J., Tobler, D.J., Phoenix, V.R., and Johns, M.L. (2013) Monitoring bacterially induced calcite precipitation in porous media using magnetic resonance imaging and flow measurements. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 152, pp. 35-43. (doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2013.06.003)

Vignaga, E., Sloan, D.M., Luo, X., Haynes, H., Phoenix, V.R., and Sloan, W.T. (2013) Erosion of biofilm-bound fluvial sediments. Nature Geoscience, 6(9), pp. 770-774. (doi:10.1038/ngeo1891)

Ramanan, B., Holmes, W.M., Sloan, W.T., and Phoenix, V.R. (2013) Magnetic resonance imaging of mass transport and structure inside a phototrophic biofilm. Current Microbiology, 66(5), pp. 456-461. (doi:10.1007/s00284-012-0292-3)

2012

Graham, C., Lee, M., and Phoenix, V. (2012) Experimental research on the effects of de-icing salts on sandstone masonry structures. In: 12th International Congress on the Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Columbia University, NY, USA, 22-26 Oct 2012,

Tobler, D.J., Maclachlan, E., and Phoenix, V.R. (2012) Microbially mediated plugging of porous media and the impact of differing injection strategies. Ecological Engineering, 42, pp. 270-278. (doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.02.027)

Cuthbert, M.O., Riley, M.S., Handley-Sidhu, S., Renshaw, J.C., Tobler, D.J., Phoenix, V.R., and Mackay, R. (2012) Controls on the rate of ureolysis and the morphology of carbonate precipitated by S. Pasteurii biofilms and limits due to bacterial encapsulation. Ecological Engineering, 41, pp. 32-40. (doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.01.008)

Ramanan, B., Holmes, W.M., Sloan, W.T., and Phoenix, V.R. (2012) Investigation of nanoparticle transport inside coarse-grained geological media using magnetic resonance imaging. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(1), pp. 360-366. (doi:10.1021/es2012726)

2011

Tobler, D.J., Cuthbert, M.O., Greswell, R.B., Riley, M.S., Renshaw, J.C., Handley-Sidhu, S., and Phoenix, V.R. (2011) Comparison of rates of ureolysis between Sporosarcina pasteurii and an indigenous groundwater community under conditions required to precipitate large volumes of calcite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(11), pp. 3290-3301. (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.03.023)

2010

Hunter, R.C., Phoenix, V.R., Saxena, A.,, and Beveridge, T.J. (2010) Impact of growth environment and physiological state on metal immobilization by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 56(7), pp. 527-538. (doi:10.1139/W10-038)

Ramanan, B., Holmes, W.M., Sloan, W.T., and Phoenix, V.R. (2010) Application of Paramagnetically Tagged Molecules for Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Biofilm Mass Transport Processes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 76(12), pp. 4027-4036. (doi:10.1128/AEM.03016-09)

2009

Phoenix, V., Ramanan, B., and Sloan, W. (2009) Imaging biogeochemical processes with MRI: application of paramagetic tracers. In: 19th Annual VM Goldschmidt Conference, Davos, Switzerland, 21 June 2009,

2008

Phoenix, V.R., and Holmes, W.M. (2008) Magnetic resonance imaging of structure, diffusivity, and copper immobilization in a phototrophic biofilm. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74(15), pp. 4934-4943. (doi:10.1128/AEM.02783-07)

Konhauser, K.O., Lalonde, S.V., and Phoenix, V.R. (2008) Bacterial biomineralization: where to from here? Geobiology, 6(3), pp. 298-302. (doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2008.00151.x)

Phoenix, V.R., and Konhauser, K.O. (2008) Benefits of bacterial biomineralization. Geobiology, 6(3), pp. 303-308. (doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2008.00147.x)

Phoenix, V.R., Holmes, W.M., and Ramanan, B. (2008) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of heavy-metal transport and fate in an artificial biofilm. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(1), pp. 483-486. (doi:10.1180/minmag.2008.072.1.483)

2007

Phoenix, V., Korenevsky, A., Ferris, F., Gorby, Y., and Beveridge, T. (2007) Influence of lipopolysaccharide on the surface proton-binding behavior of Shewanella spp. Current Microbiology, 55, pp. 152-157. (doi:10.1007/s00284-007-0077-2)

2006

Phoenix, V. (2006) Chilean high-altitude hot-spring sinters: a model system for UV screening mechanisms by early Precambrian cyanobacteria. Geobiology, 4(1), pp. 15-28.

2005

Phoenix, V. (2005) Bacterial S-layer preservation and rare arsenic-antimony-sulphide bioimmobilization in siliceous sediments from Champagne Pool hot spring, Waiotapu, New Zealand. Journal of the Geological Society, 162, pp. 323-331.

2004

Phoenix, V. (2004) The microbial role in hot spring silicification. AMBIO, 33(8), pp. 552-558. (doi:10.1579/0044-7447-33.8.552)

Yee, N., Benning, L. G., Phoenix, V. R., and Ferris, F. G. (2004) Characterization of metal-cyanobacteria sorption reactions: A combined macroscopic and infrared spectroscopic investigation. Environmental Science & Technology, 38(3), pp. 775-782. (doi:10.1021/es0346680)

Benning, L., Phoenix, V., Yee, N., and Konhauser, K. (2004) The dynamics of cyanobacterial silicification: An infrared micro-spectroscopic investigation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68, pp. 743-757. (doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00488-5)

Benning, L., Phoenix, V., Yee, N., and Tobin, M. (2004) Molecular characterization of cyanobacterial silicification using synchrotron infrared micro-spectroscopy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68, pp. 729-741. (doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00489-7)

Phoenix, V. (2004) Kinetics of calcite precipitation induced by ureolytic bacteria at 10 to 20 degrees C in artificial groundwater. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68(8), pp. 1701-1710.

2003

Phoenix, V. (2003) Experimental study of iron and silica immobilization by bacteria in mixed Fe-Si systems: implications for microbial silicification in hot springs. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 40(11), pp. 1669-1678.

Yee, N., Phoenix, V., Konhauser, K., Benning, L., and Ferris, F. (2003) The effect of cyanobacteria on silica precipitation at neutral pH: implications for bacterial silicification in geothermal hot springs. Chemical Geology, 199, pp. 83-90. (doi:10.1016/S0009-2541(03)00120-7)

2002

Phoenix, V., Martinez, R., Konhauser, K., and Ferris, F. (2002) Characterization and implications of the cell surface reactivity of Calothrix sp strain KC97. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 68, pp. 4827-4834. (doi:10.1128/AEM.68.10.4827-4834.2002)

2001

Konhauser, K., Phoenix, V., Bottrell, S., Adams, D., and Head, I. (2001) Microbial-silica interactions in Icelandic hot spring sinter: possible analogues for some Precambrian siliceous stromatolites. Sedimentology, 48, pp. 415-433.

Phoenix, V., Konhauser, K., Adams, D., and Bottrell, S. (2001) Role of biomineralization as an ultraviolet shield: Implications for Archean life. Geology, 29, pp. 823-826.

This list was generated on Tue Jun 30 05:42:54 2015 BST.
Number of items: 37.

Articles

Lakshmanan, S., Holmes, W. M., Sloan, W. T., and Phoenix, V. R. (2015) Nanoparticle transport in saturated porous medium using magnetic resonance imaging. Chemical Engineering Journal, 266, pp. 156-162. (doi:10.1016/j.cej.2014.12.076)

Fitzer, S. C., Zhu, W., Tanner, K. E., Phoenix, V. R., Kamenos, N. A., and Cusack, M. (2015) Ocean acidification alters the material properties of Mytilus edulis shells. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 12(103), p. 20141227. (doi:10.1098/rsif.2014.1227) (PMID:25540244)

Couto, J. M., Ijaz, U. Z., Phoenix, V. R., Schirmer, M., and Sloan, W. T. (2015) Metagenomic sequencing unravels gene fragments with phylogenetic signatures of O2-tolerant NiFe membrane-bound hydrogenases in lacustrine sediment. Current Microbiology, (doi:10.1007/s00284-015-0846-2) (Early Online Publication)

Lakshmanan , S., Holmes, W. M., Sloan, W. T., and Phoenix, V. R. (2015) Characterization of nanoparticle transport through quartz and dolomite gravels by magnetic resonance imaging. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, (doi:10.1007/s13762-015-0767-4) (Early Online Publication)

Dienerowitz, M., Cowan, L. V., Gibson, G. M., Hay, R., Padgett, M. J., and Phoenix, V. R. (2014) Optically trapped bacteria pairs reveal discrete motile response to control aggregation upon cell–cell approach. Current Microbiology, 69(5), pp. 669-674. (doi:10.1007/s00284-014-0641-5) (PMID:24965235) (PMCID:PMC4201752)

Fitzer, S. C., Cusack, M., Phoenix, V. R., and Kamenos, N. A. (2014) Ocean acidification reduces the crystallographic control in juvenile mussel shells. Journal of Structural Biology, 188(1), pp. 39-45. (doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2014.08.007)

Fitzer, S. C., Phoenix, V. R., Cusack, M., and Kamenos, N. A. (2014) Ocean acidification impacts mussel control on biomineralisation. Scientific Reports, 4, p. 6218. (doi:10.1038/srep06218)

Tobler, D. J., Cuthbert, M. O., and Phoenix, V. R. (2014) Transport of Sporosarcina pasteurii in sandstone and its significance for subsurface engineering technologies. Applied Geochemistry, 42, pp. 38-44. (doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.01.004)

Cuthbert, M. O., McMillan, L. A., Handley-Sidhu, S., Riley, M. S., Tobler, D. J., and Phoenix, V. R. (2013) A field and modeling study of fractured rock permeability reduction using microbially induced calcite precipitation. Environmental Science & Technology, 47(23), pp. 13637-13643. (doi:10.1021/es402601g)

Sham, E., Mantle, M.D., Mitchell, J., Tobler, D.J., Phoenix, V.R., and Johns, M.L. (2013) Monitoring bacterially induced calcite precipitation in porous media using magnetic resonance imaging and flow measurements. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 152, pp. 35-43. (doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2013.06.003)

Vignaga, E., Sloan, D.M., Luo, X., Haynes, H., Phoenix, V.R., and Sloan, W.T. (2013) Erosion of biofilm-bound fluvial sediments. Nature Geoscience, 6(9), pp. 770-774. (doi:10.1038/ngeo1891)

Ramanan, B., Holmes, W.M., Sloan, W.T., and Phoenix, V.R. (2013) Magnetic resonance imaging of mass transport and structure inside a phototrophic biofilm. Current Microbiology, 66(5), pp. 456-461. (doi:10.1007/s00284-012-0292-3)

Tobler, D.J., Maclachlan, E., and Phoenix, V.R. (2012) Microbially mediated plugging of porous media and the impact of differing injection strategies. Ecological Engineering, 42, pp. 270-278. (doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.02.027)

Cuthbert, M.O., Riley, M.S., Handley-Sidhu, S., Renshaw, J.C., Tobler, D.J., Phoenix, V.R., and Mackay, R. (2012) Controls on the rate of ureolysis and the morphology of carbonate precipitated by S. Pasteurii biofilms and limits due to bacterial encapsulation. Ecological Engineering, 41, pp. 32-40. (doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.01.008)

Ramanan, B., Holmes, W.M., Sloan, W.T., and Phoenix, V.R. (2012) Investigation of nanoparticle transport inside coarse-grained geological media using magnetic resonance imaging. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(1), pp. 360-366. (doi:10.1021/es2012726)

Tobler, D.J., Cuthbert, M.O., Greswell, R.B., Riley, M.S., Renshaw, J.C., Handley-Sidhu, S., and Phoenix, V.R. (2011) Comparison of rates of ureolysis between Sporosarcina pasteurii and an indigenous groundwater community under conditions required to precipitate large volumes of calcite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(11), pp. 3290-3301. (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.03.023)

Hunter, R.C., Phoenix, V.R., Saxena, A.,, and Beveridge, T.J. (2010) Impact of growth environment and physiological state on metal immobilization by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 56(7), pp. 527-538. (doi:10.1139/W10-038)

Ramanan, B., Holmes, W.M., Sloan, W.T., and Phoenix, V.R. (2010) Application of Paramagnetically Tagged Molecules for Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Biofilm Mass Transport Processes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 76(12), pp. 4027-4036. (doi:10.1128/AEM.03016-09)

Phoenix, V.R., and Holmes, W.M. (2008) Magnetic resonance imaging of structure, diffusivity, and copper immobilization in a phototrophic biofilm. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74(15), pp. 4934-4943. (doi:10.1128/AEM.02783-07)

Konhauser, K.O., Lalonde, S.V., and Phoenix, V.R. (2008) Bacterial biomineralization: where to from here? Geobiology, 6(3), pp. 298-302. (doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2008.00151.x)

Phoenix, V.R., and Konhauser, K.O. (2008) Benefits of bacterial biomineralization. Geobiology, 6(3), pp. 303-308. (doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2008.00147.x)

Phoenix, V.R., Holmes, W.M., and Ramanan, B. (2008) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of heavy-metal transport and fate in an artificial biofilm. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(1), pp. 483-486. (doi:10.1180/minmag.2008.072.1.483)

Phoenix, V., Korenevsky, A., Ferris, F., Gorby, Y., and Beveridge, T. (2007) Influence of lipopolysaccharide on the surface proton-binding behavior of Shewanella spp. Current Microbiology, 55, pp. 152-157. (doi:10.1007/s00284-007-0077-2)

Phoenix, V. (2006) Chilean high-altitude hot-spring sinters: a model system for UV screening mechanisms by early Precambrian cyanobacteria. Geobiology, 4(1), pp. 15-28.

Phoenix, V. (2005) Bacterial S-layer preservation and rare arsenic-antimony-sulphide bioimmobilization in siliceous sediments from Champagne Pool hot spring, Waiotapu, New Zealand. Journal of the Geological Society, 162, pp. 323-331.

Phoenix, V. (2004) The microbial role in hot spring silicification. AMBIO, 33(8), pp. 552-558. (doi:10.1579/0044-7447-33.8.552)

Yee, N., Benning, L. G., Phoenix, V. R., and Ferris, F. G. (2004) Characterization of metal-cyanobacteria sorption reactions: A combined macroscopic and infrared spectroscopic investigation. Environmental Science & Technology, 38(3), pp. 775-782. (doi:10.1021/es0346680)

Benning, L., Phoenix, V., Yee, N., and Konhauser, K. (2004) The dynamics of cyanobacterial silicification: An infrared micro-spectroscopic investigation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68, pp. 743-757. (doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00488-5)

Benning, L., Phoenix, V., Yee, N., and Tobin, M. (2004) Molecular characterization of cyanobacterial silicification using synchrotron infrared micro-spectroscopy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68, pp. 729-741. (doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00489-7)

Phoenix, V. (2004) Kinetics of calcite precipitation induced by ureolytic bacteria at 10 to 20 degrees C in artificial groundwater. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68(8), pp. 1701-1710.

Phoenix, V. (2003) Experimental study of iron and silica immobilization by bacteria in mixed Fe-Si systems: implications for microbial silicification in hot springs. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 40(11), pp. 1669-1678.

Yee, N., Phoenix, V., Konhauser, K., Benning, L., and Ferris, F. (2003) The effect of cyanobacteria on silica precipitation at neutral pH: implications for bacterial silicification in geothermal hot springs. Chemical Geology, 199, pp. 83-90. (doi:10.1016/S0009-2541(03)00120-7)

Phoenix, V., Martinez, R., Konhauser, K., and Ferris, F. (2002) Characterization and implications of the cell surface reactivity of Calothrix sp strain KC97. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 68, pp. 4827-4834. (doi:10.1128/AEM.68.10.4827-4834.2002)

Konhauser, K., Phoenix, V., Bottrell, S., Adams, D., and Head, I. (2001) Microbial-silica interactions in Icelandic hot spring sinter: possible analogues for some Precambrian siliceous stromatolites. Sedimentology, 48, pp. 415-433.

Phoenix, V., Konhauser, K., Adams, D., and Bottrell, S. (2001) Role of biomineralization as an ultraviolet shield: Implications for Archean life. Geology, 29, pp. 823-826.

Conference Proceedings

Graham, C., Lee, M., and Phoenix, V. (2012) Experimental research on the effects of de-icing salts on sandstone masonry structures. In: 12th International Congress on the Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Columbia University, NY, USA, 22-26 Oct 2012,

Phoenix, V., Ramanan, B., and Sloan, W. (2009) Imaging biogeochemical processes with MRI: application of paramagetic tracers. In: 19th Annual VM Goldschmidt Conference, Davos, Switzerland, 21 June 2009,

This list was generated on Tue Jun 30 05:42:54 2015 BST.