Professor Paul Younger

  • Rankine Chair of Engineering, Professor of Energy Engineering (Systems Power and Energy)

telephone: 0141 330 5042
email: Paul.Younger@glasgow.ac.uk

Systems, Power & Energy Group
James Watt South Building
Room 623c


Biography

I’ve enjoyed a varied career ranging from early days in pure science (principally geology), through water resources and environmental engineering (especially groundwater engineering), on through mining environmental engineering to energy engineering. There are several persistent threads running through all of these experiences, mainly to do with quantitative geoscience, numerical modelling of fluid flow and reactive mass transfer, and the translation of high-level conceptual principles into hands-on engineering solutions, invariably for purposes which I believe are socially and environmentally benign.  I owe my formal education to two universities: Newcastle University in the UK (BSc and PhD), and Oklahoma State University in the USA (MS), where I spent two very happy years as a Harkness Fellow (1984-86), taking advantage of burgeoning activities in the then-National Centre for Groundwater Research and the EPA’s RSKERL Lab in Ada. My education was extended – and continues to be – by industrial experience, with Yorkshire Water, the National Rivers Authority, Centro Yunta (La Paz, Bolivia), NIREX, Northumbrian Water, Project Dewatering Ltd, Cluff Geothermal Ltd, Five-Quarter Energy Ltd and various consultancy missions worldwide. I spent just under 20 years at Newcastle University, where, amongst other things, I founded and led the HERO research group, which went on to win the University the Queen’s Anniversary Prize for the first time (2005); established what is now the Sir Joseph Swan Centre for Energy Research; founded and Directed the Newcastle Institute for Research on Sustainability (NIReS); and served as the University’s Public Orator and its first-ever Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Engagement. I joined Glasgow University in August 2012.

I currently also serve as Chair of the Global Scientific Committee of the Plant Earth Institute, an intermational NGO (of which I am also a Trustee) which aims to promote South-South collaboration in science-based projects that further the cause of sustainable development in the countries of the Global South.

Research Interests

My current research is entirely focused in the energy sector, and besides engaging with the broad challenges of keeping the lights on and homes and businesses warm whilst decarbonising our energy systems, I focus specifically on three areas in which my particular skills and experience can be put to best use:

Geothermal Energy:
- Deep geothermal energy in the UK (I recently led the drilling and testing of the only three deep (≤ 1821m) geothermal exploration boreholes to be drilled in the UK since the 1980s), principally for direct-use purposes
- Volcanogenic geothermal resources (especially in developing countries) for combined heat and power, especially through enhanced Organic Rankine Cycle systems
- Ground-coupled heating and cooling systems (including ground-source heat pumps)
 
Responsible Use of Fossil Fuels:
- Underground coal gasification, and other forms of non-conventional gas extraction using borehole technologies, tightly coupled to carbon capture and storage

Hydropower:
- Maximising the contribution of mini- and micro-hydro to the low-carbon prosperity of rural communities in Scotland and the Global South
- Examining new materials and conversion cycles for increased scope (e.g. for renewable heat) and efficiency in hydropower applications at all scales
- Engineering the elimination of greenhouse gas emissions from large hydropower reservoirs in tropical regions

Expertise

I was elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng) in 2007.
Principal professional affiliations and qualifications: FGS, C.Geol., FNEIMME, FICE, FIChemE, C.Sci., C.Eng.
Other memberships: International Geothermal Association, Geothermal Resources Council, European Geothermal Energy Council, Underground Coal Gasification Association, International Mine Water Association, International Hydropower Association

I am a fluent Spanish speaker, and hold Honorary Doctorates from:
1.    School of Mines, University of Oviedo, Spain (2010)
2.    Universidad Nacional de San Agustín, Arequipa, Perú (2010)

Tha Gàidhlig agam cuideachd, agus mise ag obair mar riochdaire a’ Cholaiste Saidheans is Innleadaireachd air Comataidh Ghàidhlig an Oilthigh Ghlaschu. (I also speak Gaelic, and represent the College of Science and Engineering on the Gaelic Committee of the University of Glasgow).

Selected publications | View all publications

Amezaga, J.M., Rotting, T.S., Younger, P.L., Nairn, R.W., Noles, A.-J., Oyarzun, R., and Quintanilla, J. (2011) A rich vein? Mining and the pursuit of sustainability. Environmental Science and Technology, 45 (1). pp. 21-26. ISSN 0013-936X (doi:10.1021/es101430e)

Roddy, D.J., and Younger, P.L. (2010) Underground coal gasification with CCS: A pathway to decarbonising industry. Energy and Environmental Science, 3 (4). pp. 400-407. ISSN 1754-5692 (doi:10.1039/b921197g)

Clarkson, M.H., Birks, D., Younger, P.L., Carter, A., and Cone, S. (2009) Groundwater cooling at the Royal Festival Hall, London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42 . pp. 335-346. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-080)

Bowden, L.I., Jarvis, A.P., Younger, P.L., and Johnson, K.L. (2009) Phosphorus removal from waste waters using basic oxygen steel slag. Environmental Science and Technology, 43 (7). pp. 2476-2481. ISSN 0013-936X (doi:10.1021/es801626d)

All publications | View selected publications

List all by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008
Number of items: 48.

2014

McCay, A., Harley, T., Younger, P., Sanderson, D., and Cresswell, A. (2014) Gamma-ray spectrometry in geothermal exploration: state of the art techniques. Energies, 7 (8). pp. 4757-4780. ISSN 1996-1073 (doi:10.3390/en7084757)

Masters, C., Shipton, Z., Gatliff, R., Haszeldine, R.S., Sorbie, K., Stuart, F., Waldron, S., Younger, P.L., and Curran, J. (2014) Independent Expert Scientific Panel – Report on Unconventional Oil and Gas. Project Report. The Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

Younger, P. (2014) Scotland’s renewable energy transition: quo vadis? Geographer: The Newsletter of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society . pp. 6-7. ISSN 0951-2136

Younger, P. L. (2014) Missing a trick in geothermal exploration. Nature Geoscience, 7 (7). pp. 479-480. ISSN 1752-0894 (doi:10.1038/ngeo2193)

Younger, P.L., and Henderson, R. (2014) Single artificial wetland successfully treats different types of wastewater. Science for Environment Policy, 375 .

Preene, M., and Younger, P.L. (2014) Can you take the heat? – Geothermal energy in mining. Mining Technology, 123 (2). pp. 107-118. ISSN 1474-9009 (doi:10.1179/1743286314Y.0000000058)

Younger, P. L., and Henderson, R. (2014) Synergistic wetland treatment of sewage and mine water: pollutant removal performance of the first full-scale system. Water Research, 55 . pp. 74-82. ISSN 0043-1354 (doi:10.1016/j.watres.2014.02.024)

Elliot, T., and Younger, P. L. (2014) Detection of mixing dynamics during pumping of a flooded coal mine. Groundwater, 52 (2). pp. 251-263. ISSN 0017-467X (doi:10.1111/gwat.12057)

Younger, P. L. (2014) Hydrogeological challenges in a low carbon economy. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 47 (1). pp. 7-27. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/qjegh2013-063)

Ellis, J., Mannino, I., Johnson, G., Feliks, M. E.J., Younger, P. L., and Vaughan, A. P.M. (2014) Shiremoor geothermal heat project: reducing uncertainty around fault geometry and permeability using Move™ for structural model building and stress analysis. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2014, 27 Apr - 2 May 2014, Vienna, Austria.

Thorogood, J. L., and Younger, P. L. (2014) Discussion of "Oil and gas wells and their integrity: Implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation" by R. J. Davies, S. Almond, R.S., Ward, R.B. Jackson, C. Adams, F. Worrall, L.G. Herringshaw, J.G. Gluyas and M.A. Whitehead. (Marine and Petroleum Geology 2014 (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.03.001)). Marine and Petroleum Geology . ISSN 0264-8172 (doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.07.011) (In Press)

Younger, P.L. (2014) Energy. In: The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World: 14th Edition. HarperCollins, London, pp. 32-33. ISBN 9780007551408 (In Press)

Younger, P. L., and Mayes, W. M. (2014) The potential use of exhausted open pit mine voids as sinks for atmospheric CO2: insights from natural reedbeds and mine water treatment wetlands. Mine Water and the Environment . ISSN 1025-9112 (doi:10.1007/s10230-014-0293-5) (Early Online Publication)

2013

Westaway, R., and Younger, P.L. (2013) Accounting for palaeoclimate and topography: a rigorous approach to correction of the British geothermal dataset. Geothermics, 48 . pp. 31-51. ISSN 0375-6505 (doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2013.03.009)

Birks, D., Whittall, S., Savill, I., Younger, P.L., and Parkin, G. (2013) Groundwater cooling of a large building using a shallow alluvial aquifer in central London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 46 (2). pp. 189-202. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/qjegh2012-059)

Westaway, R., Green, P.F., Manning, D.A.C., and Younger, P.L. (2013) Reply to 'discussion on cenozoic cooling and denudation in the North Pennines (northern England, UK) constrained by apatite fission-track analysis of cuttings from the Eastgate Borehole, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, vol. 123, 2012, pp. 450–463, by Martin H.P. Bott. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 124 (3). pp. 549-551. ISSN 0016-7878 (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2012.12.002)

Younger, P.L. (2013) New water for old? Geology and the long view on water resources. Geology Today, 29 (2). pp. 68-72. ISSN 0266-6979 (doi:10.1111/gto.12004)

Younger, P.L. (2013) Water in the balance. Geographical Communications, 85 (3). pp. 46-49. ISSN 0016-741X

Kortas, L., and Younger, P.L. (2013) Fracture patterns in the Permian Magnesian Limestone Aquifer, Co. Durham, UK. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 59 (3). pp. 161-171. ISSN 0044-0604 (doi:10.1144/pygs2013-322)

Younger, P.L. (2013) Deep geothermal: the Newcastle science central borehole. Geothermal Association of Ireland Newsletter, 21 . pp. 9-13.

Álvarez, R., Ordóñez, A., Loredo, J., and Younger, P.L. (2013) Wetland-based passive treatment systems for gold ore processing effluents containing residual cyanide, metals and nitrogen species. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 15 (11). pp. 2115-2124. ISSN 2050-7887 (doi:10.1039/c3em00410d)

2012

Mair, R. et al. (2012) Shale gas extraction in the UK: a review of hydraulic fracturing. Project Report. Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering.

Oyarzún, J., Castillo, D., Maturana, H., Kretschmer, N., Soto, G., Amezaga, J.M., Rötting, T.S., Younger, P.L., and Oyarzún, R. (2012) Abandoned tailings deposits, acid drainage and alluvial sediments geochemistry, in the arid Elqui River Basin, North-Central Chile. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 115 . pp. 47-58. ISSN 0375-6742 (doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.02.008)

Armitt, J., Haste, N., Ion, S., Thomas, H., and Younger, P. (2012) Review of Options for Acceleration of Geological Disposal. Other. Royal Academy of Engineering.

Brown, E., Cloke, J., Blanchard, R., Fisk, D., Gluyas, J., Jones, A., Read, D., and Younger, P. (2012) What are the key issues regarding the role of geothermal energy in meeting energy needs in the global south? Other. Low Carbon Energy for Development Network, Durham, UK.

Gluyas, J.G., and Younger, P. (2012) Getting into hot water: the geothermal potential of NE England. Yorkshire Geological Society Circular, 570 . p. 8.

Green, P.F., Westaway, R., Manning, D.A.C., and Younger, P.L. (2012) Cenozoic cooling and denudation in the North Pennines (northern England, UK) constrained by apatite fission-track analysis of cuttings from the Eastgate Borehole. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 123 (3). pp. 450-463. ISSN 0016-7878 (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2011.11.003)

Younger, P., and Potter, H.A.B. (2012) Parys in Springtime: Hazard Management and Steps Towards Remediation of the UK's Most Polluted Acidic Mine Discharge. In: 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), 20th-26th May 2012, Ottawa, Canada.

Younger, P.L. (2012) Crouching enemy, hidden ally: the decisive role of groundwater discharge features in two major British battles, Flodden 1513 and Prestonpans 1745. Geological Society London: Special Publications, 362 (1). pp. 19-33. ISSN 0305-8719 (doi:10.1144/SP362.2)

Younger, P.L. (2012) Water. All that matters. Hodder Education, London, UK. ISBN 9781444156812

Younger, P.L., Gluyas, J.G., and Stephens, W.E. (2012) Development of deep geothermal energy resources in the UK. Proceedings of the ICE: Energy, 165 (1). pp. 19-32. ISSN 1751-4223 (doi:10.1680/ener.11.00009)

2011

Amezaga, J.M., Rotting, T.S., Younger, P.L., Nairn, R.W., Noles, A.-J., Oyarzun, R., and Quintanilla, J. (2011) A rich vein? Mining and the pursuit of sustainability. Environmental Science and Technology, 45 (1). pp. 21-26. ISSN 0013-936X (doi:10.1021/es101430e)

Kuma, J.S., Younger, P., and Buah, W.K. (2011) Numerical indices of the severity of acidic mine drainage: Broadening the applicability of the Gray Acid Mine Drainage Index. Mine Water and the Environment, 30 (1). pp. 67-74. ISSN 1025-9112 (doi:10.1007/s10230-010-0133-1)

Younger, P. (2011) Hydrogeological and geomechanical aspects of underground coal gasification and its direct coupling to carbon capture and storage. Mine Water and the Environment, 30 (2). pp. 127-140. ISSN 1025-9112 (doi:10.1007/s10230-011-0145-5)

Younger, P., and Manning, D.A.C. (2011) Reply to discussion on 'Hyper-permeable granite: lessons from test pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK' by P.L. Younger and D.A.C. Manning: Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43, 5-10. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 44 (3). pp. 405-407. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/11-017)

2010

Gandy, C.J., Clarke, L., Banks, D., and Younger, P. (2010) Predictive modelling of groundwater abstraction and artificial recharge of cooling water. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43 (3). pp. 279-288. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-093)

Younger, P.L. (2010) Reconnaissance assessment of the prospects for development of high-enthalpy geothermal energy resources, Montserrat. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43 (1). pp. 11-22. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-083)

Younger, P.L., and Manning, D.A.C. (2010) Hyper-permeable granite: Lessons from test-pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43 (1). pp. 5-10. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-085)

Roddy, D.J., and Younger, P.L. (2010) Underground coal gasification with CCS: A pathway to decarbonising industry. Energy and Environmental Science, 3 (4). pp. 400-407. ISSN 1754-5692 (doi:10.1039/b921197g)

2009

Banks, D., Gandy, C.J., Younger, P.L., Withers, J., and Underwood, C. (2009) Anthropogenic thermogeological 'anomaly' in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42 (3). pp. 307-312. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-024)

Clarkson, M.H., Birks, D., Younger, P.L., Carter, A., and Cone, S. (2009) Groundwater cooling at the Royal Festival Hall, London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42 . pp. 335-346. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-080)

Mayes, W.M., Batty, L.C., Younger, P.L., Jarvis, A.P., Kõiv, M., Vohla, C., and Mander, U. (2009) Wetland treatment at extremes of pH: a review. Science of the Total Environment, 407 (13). pp. 3944-3957. ISSN 0048-9697 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.06.045)

Bowden, L.I., Jarvis, A.P., Younger, P.L., and Johnson, K.L. (2009) Phosphorus removal from waste waters using basic oxygen steel slag. Environmental Science and Technology, 43 (7). pp. 2476-2481. ISSN 0013-936X (doi:10.1021/es801626d)

Brassington, F.C., and Younger, P.L. (2009) A proposed framework for hydrogeological conceptual modelling. Water and Environment Journal, 24 (4). pp. 261-273. ISSN 1747-6585 (doi:10.1111/j.1747-6593.2009.00173.x)

Kruse, N.A., and Younger, P.L. (2009) Development of thermodynamically-based models for simulation of hydrogeochemical processes coupled to channel flow processes in abandoned underground mines. Applied Geochemistry, 24 (7). pp. 1301-1311. ISSN 0883-2927 (doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.04.003)

Kruse, N.A.S., and Younger, P.L. (2009) Sinks of iron and manganese in underground coal mine workings. Environmental Geology, 57 (8). pp. 1893-1899. ISSN 0943-0105 (doi:10.1007/s00254-008-1478-7)

2008

Gandy, C.J., and Younger, P.L. (2008) Predicting long-term contamination potential of perched groundwater in a mine-waste heap using a random-walk method. Hydrogeology Journal, 16 (3). pp. 447-459. ISSN 1431-2174 (doi:10.1007/s10040-007-0243-4)

Mayes, W.M., Younger, P.L., and Aumônier, J. (2008) Hydrogeochemistry of alkaline steel slag leachates in the UK. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 195 (1-4). pp. 35-50. ISSN 0049-6979 (doi:10.1007/s11270-008-9725-9)

This list was generated on Sat Oct 25 08:03:14 2014 BST.
Number of items: 48.

Article

McCay, A., Harley, T., Younger, P., Sanderson, D., and Cresswell, A. (2014) Gamma-ray spectrometry in geothermal exploration: state of the art techniques. Energies, 7 (8). pp. 4757-4780. ISSN 1996-1073 (doi:10.3390/en7084757)

Younger, P. (2014) Scotland’s renewable energy transition: quo vadis? Geographer: The Newsletter of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society . pp. 6-7. ISSN 0951-2136

Younger, P. L. (2014) Missing a trick in geothermal exploration. Nature Geoscience, 7 (7). pp. 479-480. ISSN 1752-0894 (doi:10.1038/ngeo2193)

Younger, P.L., and Henderson, R. (2014) Single artificial wetland successfully treats different types of wastewater. Science for Environment Policy, 375 .

Preene, M., and Younger, P.L. (2014) Can you take the heat? – Geothermal energy in mining. Mining Technology, 123 (2). pp. 107-118. ISSN 1474-9009 (doi:10.1179/1743286314Y.0000000058)

Younger, P. L., and Henderson, R. (2014) Synergistic wetland treatment of sewage and mine water: pollutant removal performance of the first full-scale system. Water Research, 55 . pp. 74-82. ISSN 0043-1354 (doi:10.1016/j.watres.2014.02.024)

Elliot, T., and Younger, P. L. (2014) Detection of mixing dynamics during pumping of a flooded coal mine. Groundwater, 52 (2). pp. 251-263. ISSN 0017-467X (doi:10.1111/gwat.12057)

Younger, P. L. (2014) Hydrogeological challenges in a low carbon economy. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 47 (1). pp. 7-27. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/qjegh2013-063)

Thorogood, J. L., and Younger, P. L. (2014) Discussion of "Oil and gas wells and their integrity: Implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation" by R. J. Davies, S. Almond, R.S., Ward, R.B. Jackson, C. Adams, F. Worrall, L.G. Herringshaw, J.G. Gluyas and M.A. Whitehead. (Marine and Petroleum Geology 2014 (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.03.001)). Marine and Petroleum Geology . ISSN 0264-8172 (doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.07.011) (In Press)

Younger, P. L., and Mayes, W. M. (2014) The potential use of exhausted open pit mine voids as sinks for atmospheric CO2: insights from natural reedbeds and mine water treatment wetlands. Mine Water and the Environment . ISSN 1025-9112 (doi:10.1007/s10230-014-0293-5) (Early Online Publication)

Westaway, R., and Younger, P.L. (2013) Accounting for palaeoclimate and topography: a rigorous approach to correction of the British geothermal dataset. Geothermics, 48 . pp. 31-51. ISSN 0375-6505 (doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2013.03.009)

Birks, D., Whittall, S., Savill, I., Younger, P.L., and Parkin, G. (2013) Groundwater cooling of a large building using a shallow alluvial aquifer in central London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 46 (2). pp. 189-202. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/qjegh2012-059)

Westaway, R., Green, P.F., Manning, D.A.C., and Younger, P.L. (2013) Reply to 'discussion on cenozoic cooling and denudation in the North Pennines (northern England, UK) constrained by apatite fission-track analysis of cuttings from the Eastgate Borehole, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, vol. 123, 2012, pp. 450–463, by Martin H.P. Bott. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 124 (3). pp. 549-551. ISSN 0016-7878 (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2012.12.002)

Younger, P.L. (2013) New water for old? Geology and the long view on water resources. Geology Today, 29 (2). pp. 68-72. ISSN 0266-6979 (doi:10.1111/gto.12004)

Younger, P.L. (2013) Water in the balance. Geographical Communications, 85 (3). pp. 46-49. ISSN 0016-741X

Kortas, L., and Younger, P.L. (2013) Fracture patterns in the Permian Magnesian Limestone Aquifer, Co. Durham, UK. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 59 (3). pp. 161-171. ISSN 0044-0604 (doi:10.1144/pygs2013-322)

Younger, P.L. (2013) Deep geothermal: the Newcastle science central borehole. Geothermal Association of Ireland Newsletter, 21 . pp. 9-13.

Álvarez, R., Ordóñez, A., Loredo, J., and Younger, P.L. (2013) Wetland-based passive treatment systems for gold ore processing effluents containing residual cyanide, metals and nitrogen species. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 15 (11). pp. 2115-2124. ISSN 2050-7887 (doi:10.1039/c3em00410d)

Oyarzún, J., Castillo, D., Maturana, H., Kretschmer, N., Soto, G., Amezaga, J.M., Rötting, T.S., Younger, P.L., and Oyarzún, R. (2012) Abandoned tailings deposits, acid drainage and alluvial sediments geochemistry, in the arid Elqui River Basin, North-Central Chile. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 115 . pp. 47-58. ISSN 0375-6742 (doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.02.008)

Gluyas, J.G., and Younger, P. (2012) Getting into hot water: the geothermal potential of NE England. Yorkshire Geological Society Circular, 570 . p. 8.

Green, P.F., Westaway, R., Manning, D.A.C., and Younger, P.L. (2012) Cenozoic cooling and denudation in the North Pennines (northern England, UK) constrained by apatite fission-track analysis of cuttings from the Eastgate Borehole. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 123 (3). pp. 450-463. ISSN 0016-7878 (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2011.11.003)

Younger, P.L. (2012) Crouching enemy, hidden ally: the decisive role of groundwater discharge features in two major British battles, Flodden 1513 and Prestonpans 1745. Geological Society London: Special Publications, 362 (1). pp. 19-33. ISSN 0305-8719 (doi:10.1144/SP362.2)

Younger, P.L., Gluyas, J.G., and Stephens, W.E. (2012) Development of deep geothermal energy resources in the UK. Proceedings of the ICE: Energy, 165 (1). pp. 19-32. ISSN 1751-4223 (doi:10.1680/ener.11.00009)

Amezaga, J.M., Rotting, T.S., Younger, P.L., Nairn, R.W., Noles, A.-J., Oyarzun, R., and Quintanilla, J. (2011) A rich vein? Mining and the pursuit of sustainability. Environmental Science and Technology, 45 (1). pp. 21-26. ISSN 0013-936X (doi:10.1021/es101430e)

Kuma, J.S., Younger, P., and Buah, W.K. (2011) Numerical indices of the severity of acidic mine drainage: Broadening the applicability of the Gray Acid Mine Drainage Index. Mine Water and the Environment, 30 (1). pp. 67-74. ISSN 1025-9112 (doi:10.1007/s10230-010-0133-1)

Younger, P. (2011) Hydrogeological and geomechanical aspects of underground coal gasification and its direct coupling to carbon capture and storage. Mine Water and the Environment, 30 (2). pp. 127-140. ISSN 1025-9112 (doi:10.1007/s10230-011-0145-5)

Younger, P., and Manning, D.A.C. (2011) Reply to discussion on 'Hyper-permeable granite: lessons from test pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK' by P.L. Younger and D.A.C. Manning: Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43, 5-10. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 44 (3). pp. 405-407. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/11-017)

Gandy, C.J., Clarke, L., Banks, D., and Younger, P. (2010) Predictive modelling of groundwater abstraction and artificial recharge of cooling water. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43 (3). pp. 279-288. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-093)

Younger, P.L. (2010) Reconnaissance assessment of the prospects for development of high-enthalpy geothermal energy resources, Montserrat. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43 (1). pp. 11-22. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-083)

Younger, P.L., and Manning, D.A.C. (2010) Hyper-permeable granite: Lessons from test-pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43 (1). pp. 5-10. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-085)

Roddy, D.J., and Younger, P.L. (2010) Underground coal gasification with CCS: A pathway to decarbonising industry. Energy and Environmental Science, 3 (4). pp. 400-407. ISSN 1754-5692 (doi:10.1039/b921197g)

Banks, D., Gandy, C.J., Younger, P.L., Withers, J., and Underwood, C. (2009) Anthropogenic thermogeological 'anomaly' in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42 (3). pp. 307-312. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-024)

Clarkson, M.H., Birks, D., Younger, P.L., Carter, A., and Cone, S. (2009) Groundwater cooling at the Royal Festival Hall, London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42 . pp. 335-346. ISSN 1470-9236 (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-080)

Mayes, W.M., Batty, L.C., Younger, P.L., Jarvis, A.P., Kõiv, M., Vohla, C., and Mander, U. (2009) Wetland treatment at extremes of pH: a review. Science of the Total Environment, 407 (13). pp. 3944-3957. ISSN 0048-9697 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.06.045)

Bowden, L.I., Jarvis, A.P., Younger, P.L., and Johnson, K.L. (2009) Phosphorus removal from waste waters using basic oxygen steel slag. Environmental Science and Technology, 43 (7). pp. 2476-2481. ISSN 0013-936X (doi:10.1021/es801626d)

Brassington, F.C., and Younger, P.L. (2009) A proposed framework for hydrogeological conceptual modelling. Water and Environment Journal, 24 (4). pp. 261-273. ISSN 1747-6585 (doi:10.1111/j.1747-6593.2009.00173.x)

Kruse, N.A., and Younger, P.L. (2009) Development of thermodynamically-based models for simulation of hydrogeochemical processes coupled to channel flow processes in abandoned underground mines. Applied Geochemistry, 24 (7). pp. 1301-1311. ISSN 0883-2927 (doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.04.003)

Kruse, N.A.S., and Younger, P.L. (2009) Sinks of iron and manganese in underground coal mine workings. Environmental Geology, 57 (8). pp. 1893-1899. ISSN 0943-0105 (doi:10.1007/s00254-008-1478-7)

Gandy, C.J., and Younger, P.L. (2008) Predicting long-term contamination potential of perched groundwater in a mine-waste heap using a random-walk method. Hydrogeology Journal, 16 (3). pp. 447-459. ISSN 1431-2174 (doi:10.1007/s10040-007-0243-4)

Mayes, W.M., Younger, P.L., and Aumônier, J. (2008) Hydrogeochemistry of alkaline steel slag leachates in the UK. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 195 (1-4). pp. 35-50. ISSN 0049-6979 (doi:10.1007/s11270-008-9725-9)

Book

Younger, P.L. (2012) Water. All that matters. Hodder Education, London, UK. ISBN 9781444156812

Book Section

Younger, P.L. (2014) Energy. In: The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World: 14th Edition. HarperCollins, London, pp. 32-33. ISBN 9780007551408 (In Press)

Research Report or Paper

Masters, C., Shipton, Z., Gatliff, R., Haszeldine, R.S., Sorbie, K., Stuart, F., Waldron, S., Younger, P.L., and Curran, J. (2014) Independent Expert Scientific Panel – Report on Unconventional Oil and Gas. Project Report. The Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

Mair, R. et al. (2012) Shale gas extraction in the UK: a review of hydraulic fracturing. Project Report. Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering.

Armitt, J., Haste, N., Ion, S., Thomas, H., and Younger, P. (2012) Review of Options for Acceleration of Geological Disposal. Other. Royal Academy of Engineering.

Brown, E., Cloke, J., Blanchard, R., Fisk, D., Gluyas, J., Jones, A., Read, D., and Younger, P. (2012) What are the key issues regarding the role of geothermal energy in meeting energy needs in the global south? Other. Low Carbon Energy for Development Network, Durham, UK.

Conference Proceedings

Ellis, J., Mannino, I., Johnson, G., Feliks, M. E.J., Younger, P. L., and Vaughan, A. P.M. (2014) Shiremoor geothermal heat project: reducing uncertainty around fault geometry and permeability using Move™ for structural model building and stress analysis. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2014, 27 Apr - 2 May 2014, Vienna, Austria.

Younger, P., and Potter, H.A.B. (2012) Parys in Springtime: Hazard Management and Steps Towards Remediation of the UK's Most Polluted Acidic Mine Discharge. In: 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), 20th-26th May 2012, Ottawa, Canada.

This list was generated on Sat Oct 25 08:03:14 2014 BST.

Principal Investigator: Putting Deep Geothermal Resources at the Heart of City Centre Regeneration: Newcastle Science City and the Ninety Fathom Fault. Department of Energy and Climate Change, Deep Geothermal Challenge Fund, British Geological Survey and Newcastle Science City. Feb 2011 – July 2012.

Co-Investigator: SAFE Barriers – a Systems Approach For Engineered Barriers. EPSRC / Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. 7-member consortium led by Strathclyde Univ. April 2012 – Mar 2016.  

Principal Investigator: Expediting use of the UK’s most recently-proven geothermal resource (Eastgate, Co Durham).  Deep Geothermal Challenge Fund, Department of Energy and Climate Change. Jan – March 2010.

Co-investigator: iKNOW: a Beacon for public engagement. Research Councils UK / HEFCE, 2008 – 2011.

Principal Investigator: Feasibility study for large-scale development of Underground Coal Gasification with Carbon Capture and Storage in North East England. Match-funded by One NorthEast, 2008 - 2009.

Principal Investigator: GEOTRAINET: Geo-Education for a sustainable geothermal heating and cooling market. EU FP7, Intelligent Energy-Europe (IEE). 2008 to 2011.  

Co-investigator: Generic unifying concepts for wastewater treatment design – II. EPSRC Platform Grant, 2008 – 2011.

Principal investigator: Environmental engineers of tomorrow: collaborating for success through people. EPSRC, 2007-2009.

Co-investigator: Biogeochemical & microbial analyses of deep saline hotwater aquifer in the Weardale granite. NERC, 2006-2007.

Principal Investigator: Geothermal mapping: terrain classification for application of open-loop ground-source heat pump systems in eastern County Durham and adjoining areas. County Durham Economic Partnership / One North East, March 2008 - Sept 2009.

Co- Investigator:  Rates and management implications of corrosion of austenitic steel structures in dewatered and ventilated underground storage facilities in granite.  Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, 2008 – 2011.

I am currently supervising the following PhD students and projects:

-Gerardo González: Modelling carbon capture and storage in voids created by underground coal gasification. 2008 – 2012. (at Newcastle University).


-Andrew Waring: A conceptual hydrogeological model for fault-related geothermal energy resources in northern England. NERC CASE Studentship with Cluff Geothermal Ltd. 2011 – 2015.


-David Birks: Optimisation of groundwater-based cooling systems for large public buildings in London and other cities. With financial support from Parsons Brinckerhoff. Part-time, 2011-2017.


-Juan Alvarez-Vazquez: Subsurface Engineering for Underground Coal Gasification and Subsequent Carbon Capture & Storage. University of Glasgow College of Science and Engineering EPSRC DTA, in collaboration with Five-Quarter Energy Ltd.   2012 – 2016.


-Sotirios Kyriakis: Renewable heat networks: modelling for robust design. Scottish Energy Technology Partnership, in collaboration with University of St Andrews and Cluff Geothermal Ltd. 2012 – 2016.

 

 

I am interested in supervising new PhD projects in the following areas:

-Reservoir engineering and energy conversion system design for medium- and high-enthalpy geothermal resources

-Enhanced exploration and drilling techniques for deep geothermal resources

-Improved ground characterisation and modelling for shallow (GSHP) geothermal and groundwater-cooling systems

-Remote characterisation and engineering of voids produced by underground coal gasification (UCG), and their re-use as carbon dioxide stores

-Integrating UCG with CBM and shale gas exploitation strategies, within a holistic carbon management framework

-Optimising the ecologically-friendly, community-focused use of hydropower resources in the Scottish Highlands, East Africa and Latin America

Leading the Integrated Systems Design Project module for Stage 4 Engineering students in the following programmes: mechanical, Aerospace, Electrical & Electronics and Product Design.

Supervising several Stage 4 Dissertation projects in Civil Engineering, on hydropower, mini tidal power, grid resilience and ground-source heat pump system design parameters.

Currently developing teaching in energy and related aspects of Stage 5 students in Civil Engineering.