Professor Paul Younger

  • Honorary Research Fellow (School of Engineering)

telephone: 0141 330 5042
email: Paul.Younger@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

Biography / Eachdraidh-Beatha

I’ve enjoyed a varied career ranging from early days in pure science (principally geology), through water resources and environmental engineering (especially groundwater engineering), on through mining environmental engineering to energy engineering. There are several persistent threads running through all of these experiences, mainly to do with quantitative geoscience, numerical modelling of fluid flow and reactive mass transfer, and the translation of high-level conceptual principles into hands-on engineering solutions, invariably for purposes which I believe are socially and environmentally benign.  I owe my formal education to two universities: Newcastle University in the UK (BSc and PhD), and Oklahoma State University in the USA (MS), where I spent two very happy years as a Harkness Fellow (1984-86), taking advantage of burgeoning activities in the then-National Centre for Groundwater Research and the EPA’s RSKERL Lab in Ada. My education was extended – and continues to be – by industrial experience. Early in my career, I worked for Yorkshire Water, the National Rivers Authority and Centro Yunta (La Paz, Bolivia). Later, I undertook commissions on radioactive waste management, and held a Royal Academy of Engineering industrial secondment with Northumbrian Water. Subsquently, in pursuit of university strategies for entreepreneurship, I was a founder-director of NuWater Ltd, Project Dewatering Ltd (since sold to Hölscher Wasserbau Group), Five-Quarter Energy Ltd (no longer trading), and Hotspur Geothermal Ltd. I spent just under 20 years at Newcastle University, where I: taught water and environmental engineering; founded and led the HERO research group (which won the University the Queen’s Anniversary Prize for the first time in 2005); established what is now the Sir Joseph Swan Centre for Energy Research; founded and Directed the Newcastle Institute for Research on Sustainability; served as the University’s Public Orator; and was the UK's first-ever Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Engagement. I srerved the University of Glasgow University from August 2012 to March 2017, when I took early retirement. In addition to my academic focus on energy engineering (mostly geothermal and other aspects of water-related renewable energy, and elimination of pollution and carbon emissions in the energy sector), I was an elected member of the University's governing body (Court) and served on the University Estates Committee. 

Research Interests / Ùidhean Rannsachaidh

Researcher ID (www.researcherid.com): F-7139-2015 

Most of my recent focused in the energy sector, especially geothermal energy: 

  • Deep geothermal energy in for direct-use in non-volcanic regions. (In recent years I led the drilling and testing of the only three deep (≤ 1821m) geothermal exploration boreholes to be drilled in the UK since the 1980s)
  • Volcanogenic geothermal resources (especially in developing countries) for combined heat and power, especially through enhanced Organic Rankine Cycle systems
  • Ground-coupled heating and cooling systems (including ground-source heat pumps

I am currently pursuing personal research on:

  • Natural groundwater features in the Scottish Highlands
  • Christian spirituality in relation to the natural world. 

Expertise / Teòmachd

I was elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng) in 2007, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE) in 2016. 

Principal professional affiliations and qualifications: FGS, C.Geol., FNEIMME, FICE, C.Sci., C.Eng.

Other memberships: International Geothermal Association, Geothermal Resources Council, European Geothermal Energy Council, International Mine Water Association, International Hydropower Association

I am a fluent Spanish speaker, and hold Honorary Doctorates from:
1.    School of Mines, University of Oviedo, Spain (2010)
2.    Universidad Nacional de San Agustín, Arequipa, Perú (2010)

Tha Gàidhlig agam cuideachd, agus bha mi bair mar riochdaire a’ Cholaiste Saidheans is Innleadaireachd air Comataidh Ghàidhlig an Oilthigh Ghlaschu. (I also speak Gaelic, and represented the College of Science and Engineering on the Gaelic Committee of the University of Glasgow).

Selected publications

Younger, P. L. (2015) Geothermal energy: delivering on the global potential. Energies, 8(10), pp. 11737-11754. (doi:10.3390/en81011737)

Younger, P. L. (2016) A simple, low-cost approach to predicting the hydrogeological consequences of coalfield closure as a basis for best practice in long-term management. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 25-34. (doi:10.1016/j.coal.2016.06.002)

McCay, A. T. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Ranking the geothermal potential of radiothermal granites in Scotland: are any others as hot as the Cairngorms? Scottish Journal of Geology, 53, pp. 1-11. (doi:10.1144/sjg2016-008)

Kyriakis, S. A. and Younger, P. L. (2016) Towards the increased utilisation of geothermal energy in a district heating network through the use of a heat storage. Applied Thermal Engineering, 94, pp. 99-110. (doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.10.094)

Younger, P. L. and Mayes, W. M. (2015) The potential use of exhausted open pit mine voids as sinks for atmospheric CO2: insights from natural reedbeds and mine water treatment wetlands. Mine Water and the Environment, 34(1), pp. 112-120. (doi:10.1007/s10230-014-0293-5)

Younger, P. L. (2015) Ignatian spirituality and the ecological vision of Laudato Si'. The Way, 54(4), pp. 57-67.

Younger, P. L. , Manning, D. A.C., Millward, D., Busby, J. P., Jones, C. R.C. and Gluyas, J. G. (2016) Geothermal exploration in the Fell Sandstone Formation (Mississippian) beneath the city centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: the Newcastle Science Central Deep Geothermal Borehole. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 49(4), pp. 350-363. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2016-053)

Guerrero Martínez, F. J., Younger, P. L. , Karimi, N. and Kyriakis, S. (2017) Three-dimensional numerical simulations of free convection in a layered porous enclosure. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 106, pp. 1005-1013. (doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.10.072)

Younger, P. L. (2016) Abandoned coal mines: From environmental liabilities to low-carbon energy assets. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 1-2. (doi:10.1016/j.coal.2016.08.006)

Younger, P. L. (2016) How can we be sure fracking will not pollute aquifers? Lessons from a major longwall coal mining analogue (Selby, Yorkshire, UK). Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 106(2), pp. 89-113. (doi:10.1017/S1755691016000013)

Grants

I no longer manage any research grants.

Supervision

I no longer supervise any students.

Teaching

I no longer undertake any teaching.

All publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008
Number of items: 116.

2017

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Numerical Modelling for Process Investigation of a Single Coal Particle Combustion and Gasification. In: World Congress on Engineering 2017 (WCE 2017), London, UK, 5-7 July 2017, pp. 946-951. ISBN 9789881404831

Younger, P. L. (2017) Lost for words: an Ignatian encounter with divine love in aggressive brain cancer. The Way, 56(3), pp. 7-17.

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Numerical Study of the Effects of CO2 Addition in Single Coal Particle Gasification. In: 9th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2017), Cardiff, UK, 21-24 Aug 2017, (Accepted for Publication)

McCay, A. T. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Ranking the geothermal potential of radiothermal granites in Scotland: are any others as hot as the Cairngorms? Scottish Journal of Geology, 53, pp. 1-11. (doi:10.1144/sjg2016-008)

Younger, P. L. (2017) Mr James Barrie Scuffham FREng. Royal Academy of Engineering, 19 May.

Guerrero Martínez, F. J., Younger, P. L. , Karimi, N. and Kyriakis, S. (2017) Three-dimensional numerical simulations of free convection in a layered porous enclosure. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 106, pp. 1005-1013. (doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.10.072)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Identifying Kinetic Parameters for Char Combustion of a Single Coal Particle. In: 8th European Combustion Meeting (ECM2017), Dubrovnik, Croatia, 18-21 April 2017,

2016

Westaway, R. and Younger, P. L. (2016) Unravelling the relative contributions of climate change and ground disturbance to subsurface temperature perturbations: Case studies from Tyneside, UK. Geothermics, 64, pp. 490-515. (doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2016.06.009)

Younger, P. L. , Manning, D. A.C., Millward, D., Busby, J. P., Jones, C. R.C. and Gluyas, J. G. (2016) Geothermal exploration in the Fell Sandstone Formation (Mississippian) beneath the city centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: the Newcastle Science Central Deep Geothermal Borehole. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 49(4), pp. 350-363. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2016-053)

Ninikas, K., Hytiris, N., Emmanuel, R., Aaen, B. and Younger, P. L. (2016) Heat recovery from air in underground transport tunnels. Renewable Energy, 96(Pt. A), pp. 843-849. (doi:10.1016/j.renene.2016.05.015)

Hytiris, N., Ninikas, K., Emmanuel, R., Aaen, B. and Younger, P. L. (2016) A heat energy recovery system from tunnel waste water. Environmental Geotechnics, (doi:10.1680/jenge.15.00087) (Early Online Publication)

Younger, P.L. (2016) We must take methane power more seriously. New Civil Engineer, (Accepted for Publication)

Younger, P. (2016) Guest Editor, International Journal of Coal Geology, Special Issue on “Abandoned Coal Mines: From Environmental Liabilities to Low-Carbon Energy Assets”. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 1-134.

Younger, P. L. (2016) Abandoned coal mines: From environmental liabilities to low-carbon energy assets. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 1-2. (doi:10.1016/j.coal.2016.08.006)

Younger, P. L. (2016) A simple, low-cost approach to predicting the hydrogeological consequences of coalfield closure as a basis for best practice in long-term management. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 25-34. (doi:10.1016/j.coal.2016.06.002)

Guerrero Martinez, F. J., Younger, P. L. and Karimi, N. (2016) Three-dimensional numerical modeling of free convection in sloping porous enclosures. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 98, pp. 257-267. (doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.029)

Gzyl, G., Banks, D. , Younger, P. , Głodniok, M., Burnside, N., Garzon, B. and Skalny, A. (2016) Low Carbon After-Life – overview and first results of project LoCAL. In: International Mine Water Association (IMWA) Conference 2016: Mining Meets Water – Conflicts and Solutions, Leipzig, Germany, 11-15 Jul 2016, pp. 593-599. ISBN 9783860125335

Younger, P. (2016) Confronting the fracking furore with facts. [Website]

Younger, P. (2016) A gift fae the giftie: candid views of a Geordie Catholic on Scottish politics in the wake of the 2016 Holyrood election. Open House, 260,

Younger, P. (2016) The UK energy mix and future R&D focus. Materials World, 24(6), pp. 32-34.

Younger, P. L. (2016) How can we be sure fracking will not pollute aquifers? Lessons from a major longwall coal mining analogue (Selby, Yorkshire, UK). Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 106(2), pp. 89-113. (doi:10.1017/S1755691016000013)

Younger, P. (2016) What Coal Mining Hydrogeology Tells us about the Real Risks of Fracking. [Audio]

Younger, P. (2016) World changing campus: laying the foundations. [Audio]

Younger, P. (2016) The end of coal: good riddance or dangerous gamble? Conversation,

Li, J., Paul, M. , Younger, P. L. , Watson, I., Hossain, M. and Welch, S. (2016) Prediction of high-temperature rapid combustion behaviour of woody biomass particles. Fuel, 165, pp. 205-214. (doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2015.10.061)

Kyriakis, S. A. and Younger, P. L. (2016) Towards the increased utilisation of geothermal energy in a district heating network through the use of a heat storage. Applied Thermal Engineering, 94, pp. 99-110. (doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.10.094)

Milligan, G. et al. (2016) Hill of Banchory Geothermal Energy Project Feasibility Study Report. Project Report. Scottish Government. Hill of Banchory Geothermal Energy Consortium, Banchory.

Younger, P. , Nield, T. and Williams, R. (2016) Free Thinking: Holes in the Ground. [Audio]

Younger, P. (2016) Reece, Alan Richard (1927–2012). In: Cannadine, D. (ed.) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography [online edition]. Oxford University Press.

Younger, P. L. (2016) The poor, climate change and energy options. Glasgow Catholic Worker, 10, pp. 4-5.

2015

Younger, P. (2015) The Life Scientific: Paul Younger at the Free Thinking Festival. [Audio]

Li, J., Paul, M. C. , Younger, P. L. , Watson, I., Hossain, M. and Welch, S. (2015) Characterization of biomass combustion at high temperatures based on an upgraded single particle model. Applied Energy, 156, pp. 749-755. (doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.04.027)

Karimi, N., Agbo, D., Khan, A. T. and Younger, P. L. (2015) On the effects of exothermicity and endothermicity upon the temperature fields in a partially-filled porous channel. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 96, pp. 128-148. (doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2015.05.002)

Younger, P. L. (2015) Geothermal Energy: Delivering on the Global Potential. Guest editor of Special Issue. Energies, 8(10),

Younger, P. L. (2015) Geothermal energy: delivering on the global potential. Energies, 8(10), pp. 11737-11754. (doi:10.3390/en81011737)

Younger, P. L. (2015) Ignatian spirituality and the ecological vision of Laudato Si'. The Way, 54(4), pp. 57-67.

Younger, P. L. , Boyce, A. J. and Waring, A. J. (2015) Chloride waters of Great Britain revisited: from subsea formation waters to onshore geothermal fluids. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 126(4-5), pp. 453-465. (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2015.04.001)

Younger, P. (2015) Fracking contamination claims contested. New Civil Engineer,

Younger, P. (2015) Laudato? Sì!: an environmental engineer reads Pope Francis. Open House, 251, pp. 3-4.

Younger, P. (2015) New blow to UK fracking is a delay but not the end of the road. New Scientist,

Younger, P. L. (2015) Early end of wind subsidies. Scotsman, p. 36.

Westaway, R., Younger, P. L. and Cornelius, C. (2015) Comment on ‘Life cycle environmental impacts of UK shale gas’ by L. Stamford and A. Azapagic, Applied Energy, 134, 506–518, 2014. Applied Energy, 148, pp. 489-495. (doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.03.008)

Younger, P. (2015) Good luck G7 leaders – we won’t be off fossil fuels by 2100. Conversation,

Younger, P. (2015) Beag air Bheag: Gaelic learner of the week. [Audio]

Westaway, R., Scotney, P. M., Younger, P. L. and Boyce, A. J. (2015) Subsurface absorption of anthropogenic warming of the land surface: The case of the world's largest brickworks (Stewartby, Bedfordshire, UK). Science of the Total Environment, 508(2015), pp. 585-603. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.09.109) (PMID:25481718)

Younger, P. L. and Mayes, W. M. (2015) The potential use of exhausted open pit mine voids as sinks for atmospheric CO2: insights from natural reedbeds and mine water treatment wetlands. Mine Water and the Environment, 34(1), pp. 112-120. (doi:10.1007/s10230-014-0293-5)

Younger, P. (2015) Why strangle at birth this exciting new fuel source? Times (Scottish Edition)(71423), p. 7.

Li, W., Younger, P. L. , Cheng, Y., Zhang, B., Zhou, H., Liu, Q., Dai, T., Kong, S., Jin, K. and Yang, Q. (2015) Addressing the CO2 emissions of the world's largest coal producer and consumer: lessons from the Haishiwan Coalfield, China. Energy, 80, pp. 400-413. (doi:10.1016/j.energy.2014.11.081)

Younger, P. (2015) Carbon risk: not a binary choice. Investment and Pensions Europe, 19(2), p. 53.

Thorogood, J. L. and Younger, P. L. (2015) Discussion of "Oil and gas wells and their integrity: Implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation" by R. J. Davies, S. Almond, R.S., Ward, R.B. Jackson, C. Adams, F. Worrall, L.G. Herringshaw, J.G. Gluyas and M.A. Whitehead. (Marine and Petroleum Geology 2014). Marine and Petroleum Geology, 59, pp. 671-673. (doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.07.011)

Younger, P. L. (Ed.) (2015) Geothermal Energy: Delivering on the Global Potential. MDPI: Basel. ISBN 9783038421337

Birks, D., Coutts, C. A., Younger, P. L. and Parkin, G. (2015) Development of a groundwater heating and cooling scheme in a Permo-Triassic sandstone aquifer in South-West England and approach to managing risks. Geoscience in South-West England, 13(4), pp. 428-436.

Birks, D., Younger, P.L. , Tavendale, L., Coutts, C., Parkin, G., Button, P. and Whittall, S. (2015) Groundwater reinjection and heat dissipation: lessons from the operation of a large groundwater cooling system in Central London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 48(2), pp. 94-103. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2014-090)

Fairs, T. H., Younger, P. and Parkin, G. (2015) Parsimonious numerical modelling of deep geothermal reservoirs. Proceedings of the ICE: Energy, 168(EN4), pp. 218-228. (doi:10.1680/ener.14.00026)

Feliks, M. E., Elliott, T. P., Delacherois Day, G., Percy, G. D. and Younger, P. L. (2015) Direct Use of Low Enthalpy Deep Geothermal Resources in the East African Rift Valley. In: World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015,

Foster, S., Tyson, G., Ferguson, G., Younger, P. , Bath, A., Evans, R., Scanlon, B. and Lakshmanan, E. (2015) The Energy Sector and Groundwater. Project Report. International Association of Hydrogeologists, Goring.

Guerrero-Martinez, F. J., Verma, S. P., Younger, P. L. and Paul, M. (2015) Geothermal systems simulation: A case study. In: World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015,

Li, J., Paul, M. C. , Younger, P. L. , Watson, I., Hossain, M. and Welch, S. (2015) Combustion modelling of pulverized biomass particles at high temperatures. Energy Procedia, 66, pp. 273-276. (doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.02.055)

Ninikas, K., Hytiris, N., Emmanuel, R., Aaen, B. and Younger, P. L. (2015) Waste Water Transformed into Heat Energy. In: XVth World Water Congress, Edinburgh, UK, 25-29 May 2015,

Younger, P. L. (2015) Groaning with Creation: ecological spirituality in Laudato Sì. Open House, 252, pp. 7-8.

Younger, P. L. (2015) Laudato Si’: integral liberation for the poor and the planet. Glasgow Catholic Worker, 8, pp. 1-3.

Younger, P. L. , Feliks, M. E.J., Westaway, R., Mccay, A. T. , Harley, T. L., Elliott, T., Stove, G. D.C., Ellis, J., Watson, S. and Waring, A. J. (2015) Renewing the Exploration Approach for Mid-Enthalpy Systems: Examples from Northern England and Scotland. In: World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015,

2014

Younger, P. L. and Westaway, R. (2014) Review of the Inputs of Professor David Smythe in Relation to Planning Applications for Shale Gas Development in Lancashire (Planning Applications LCC/2014/0096 /0097 /0101 and /0102) and Associated Recommendations. Other. University of Glasgow.

Younger, P. (2014) Carbon: problem … and solution. Tablet, 268(9079), pp. 4-5.

Younger, P. (2014) The Church can and must pronounce on scientific matters. [Website]

Younger, P. and Ratcliffe, T. (2014) It's do or divest. New Scientist, 224(2995), pp. 26-27. (doi:10.1016/S0262-4079(14)62190-4)

Westaway, R. and Younger, P. L. (2014) Quantification of potential macroseismic effects of the induced seismicity that might result from hydraulic fracturing for shale gas exploitation in the UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 47(4), pp. 333-350. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2014-011)

Younger, P.L. (2014) Energy. In: The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World: 14th Edition. HarperCollins: London, pp. 32-33. ISBN 9780007551408

Mccay, A. , Harley, T., Younger, P. , Sanderson, D. and Cresswell, A. (2014) Gamma-ray spectrometry in geothermal exploration: state of the art techniques. Energies, 7(8), pp. 4757-4780. (doi:10.3390/en7084757)

Masters, C., Shipton, Z., Gatliff, R., Haszeldine, R.S., Sorbie, K., Stuart, F., Waldron, S., Younger, P.L. and Curran, J. (2014) Independent Expert Scientific Panel – Report on Unconventional Oil and Gas. Project Report. The Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

Younger, P. (2014) Scotland’s renewable energy transition: quo vadis? Geographer: The Newsletter of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society, pp. 6-7.

Younger, P. L. (2014) Missing a trick in geothermal exploration. Nature Geoscience, 7(7), pp. 479-480. (doi:10.1038/ngeo2193)

Younger, P.L. and Henderson, R. (2014) Single artificial wetland successfully treats different types of wastewater. Science for Environment Policy, 375,

Preene, M. and Younger, P.L. (2014) Can you take the heat? – Geothermal energy in mining. Mining Technology, 123(2), pp. 107-118. (doi:10.1179/1743286314Y.0000000058)

Younger, P. (2014) Energy: can we really have it all - secure, low-carbon and cheap? (Inaugural Rankine Chair Lecture). [Audio]

Younger, P. L. and Henderson, R. (2014) Synergistic wetland treatment of sewage and mine water: pollutant removal performance of the first full-scale system. Water Research, 55, pp. 74-82. (doi:10.1016/j.watres.2014.02.024)

Elliot, T. and Younger, P. L. (2014) Detection of mixing dynamics during pumping of a flooded coal mine. Groundwater, 52(2), pp. 251-263. (doi:10.1111/gwat.12057)

Younger, P. L. (2014) Hydrogeological challenges in a low carbon economy. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 47(1), pp. 7-27. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2013-063)

Durucan, S. et al. (2014) TOPS: technology options for coupled underground coal gasification and CO2 capture and storage. Energy Procedia, 63, pp. 5827-5835. (doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.616)

Ellis, J., Mannino, I., Johnson, G., Feliks, M. E.J., Younger, P. L. and Vaughan, A. P.M. (2014) Shiremoor geothermal heat project: reducing uncertainty around fault geometry and permeability using Move™ for structural model building and stress analysis. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2014, Vienna, Austria, 27 Apr - 2 May 2014,

Younger, P. L. (2014) Energy: All That Matters. Hodder & Stoughton: London. ISBN 9781473601888

2013

Westaway, R. and Younger, P.L. (2013) Accounting for palaeoclimate and topography: a rigorous approach to correction of the British geothermal dataset. Geothermics, 48, pp. 31-51. (doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2013.03.009)

Birks, D., Whittall, S., Savill, I., Younger, P.L. and Parkin, G. (2013) Groundwater cooling of a large building using a shallow alluvial aquifer in central London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 46(2), pp. 189-202. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2012-059)

Westaway, R., Green, P.F., Manning, D.A.C. and Younger, P.L. (2013) Reply to 'discussion on cenozoic cooling and denudation in the North Pennines (northern England, UK) constrained by apatite fission-track analysis of cuttings from the Eastgate Borehole, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, vol. 123, 2012, pp. 450–463, by Martin H.P. Bott. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 124(3), pp. 549-551. (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2012.12.002)

Younger, P.L. (2013) New water for old? Geology and the long view on water resources. Geology Today, 29(2), pp. 68-72. (doi:10.1111/gto.12004)

Younger, P.L. (2013) Water in the balance. Geographical Communications, 85(3), pp. 46-49.

Kortas, L. and Younger, P.L. (2013) Fracture patterns in the Permian Magnesian Limestone Aquifer, Co. Durham, UK. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 59(3), pp. 161-171. (doi:10.1144/pygs2013-322)

Younger, P.L. (2013) Deep geothermal: the Newcastle science central borehole. Geothermal Association of Ireland Newsletter, 21, pp. 9-13.

Álvarez, R., Ordóñez, A., Loredo, J. and Younger, P.L. (2013) Wetland-based passive treatment systems for gold ore processing effluents containing residual cyanide, metals and nitrogen species. Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, 15(11), pp. 2115-2124. (doi:10.1039/c3em00410d)

2012

Mair, R. et al. (2012) Shale gas extraction in the UK: a review of hydraulic fracturing. Project Report. Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering.

Oyarzún, J., Castillo, D., Maturana, H., Kretschmer, N., Soto, G., Amezaga, J.M., Rötting, T.S., Younger, P.L. and Oyarzún, R. (2012) Abandoned tailings deposits, acid drainage and alluvial sediments geochemistry, in the arid Elqui River Basin, North-Central Chile. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 115, pp. 47-58. (doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.02.008)

Armitt, J., Haste, N., Ion, S., Thomas, H. and Younger, P. (2012) Review of Options for Acceleration of Geological Disposal. Other. Royal Academy of Engineering.

Brown, E., Cloke, J., Blanchard, R., Fisk, D., Gluyas, J., Jones, A., Read, D. and Younger, P. (2012) What are the key issues regarding the role of geothermal energy in meeting energy needs in the global south? Other. Low Carbon Energy for Development Network, Durham, UK.

Gluyas, J.G. and Younger, P. (2012) Getting into hot water: the geothermal potential of NE England. Yorkshire Geological Society Circular, 570, p. 8.

Green, P.F., Westaway, R., Manning, D.A.C. and Younger, P.L. (2012) Cenozoic cooling and denudation in the North Pennines (northern England, UK) constrained by apatite fission-track analysis of cuttings from the Eastgate Borehole. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 123(3), pp. 450-463. (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2011.11.003)

Younger, P. and Potter, H.A.B. (2012) Parys in Springtime: Hazard Management and Steps Towards Remediation of the UK's Most Polluted Acidic Mine Discharge. In: 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Canada, 20th-26th May 2012, p. 12.

Younger, P.L. (2012) Crouching enemy, hidden ally: the decisive role of groundwater discharge features in two major British battles, Flodden 1513 and Prestonpans 1745. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 362(1), pp. 19-33. (doi:10.1144/SP362.2)

Younger, P.L. (2012) Water. All that matters. Hodder Education: London, UK. ISBN 9781444156812

Younger, P.L. , Gluyas, J.G. and Stephens, W.E. (2012) Development of deep geothermal energy resources in the UK. Proceedings of the ICE: Energy, 165(1), pp. 19-32. (doi:10.1680/ener.11.00009)

2011

Amezaga, J.M., Rotting, T.S., Younger, P.L. , Nairn, R.W., Noles, A.-J., Oyarzun, R. and Quintanilla, J. (2011) A rich vein? Mining and the pursuit of sustainability. Environmental Science and Technology, 45(1), pp. 21-26. (doi:10.1021/es101430e)

Kuma, J.S., Younger, P. and Buah, W.K. (2011) Numerical indices of the severity of acidic mine drainage: Broadening the applicability of the Gray Acid Mine Drainage Index. Mine Water and the Environment, 30(1), pp. 67-74. (doi:10.1007/s10230-010-0133-1)

Younger, P. (2011) Hydrogeological and geomechanical aspects of underground coal gasification and its direct coupling to carbon capture and storage. Mine Water and the Environment, 30(2), pp. 127-140. (doi:10.1007/s10230-011-0145-5)

Younger, P. and Manning, D.A.C. (2011) Reply to discussion on 'Hyper-permeable granite: lessons from test pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK' by P.L. Younger and D.A.C. Manning: Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43, 5-10. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 44(3), pp. 405-407. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/11-017)

2010

Gandy, C.J., Clarke, L., Banks, D. and Younger, P. (2010) Predictive modelling of groundwater abstraction and artificial recharge of cooling water. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43(3), pp. 279-288. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-093)

Younger, P.L. (2010) Reconnaissance assessment of the prospects for development of high-enthalpy geothermal energy resources, Montserrat. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43(1), pp. 11-22. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-083)

Younger, P.L. and Manning, D.A.C. (2010) Hyper-permeable granite: Lessons from test-pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43(1), pp. 5-10. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-085)

Roddy, D.J. and Younger, P.L. (2010) Underground coal gasification with CCS: A pathway to decarbonising industry. Energy and Environmental Science, 3(4), pp. 400-407. (doi:10.1039/b921197g)

2009

Banks, D., Gandy, C.J., Younger, P.L., Withers, J. and Underwood, C. (2009) Anthropogenic thermogeological 'anomaly' in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42(3), pp. 307-312. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-024)

Clarkson, M.H., Birks, D., Younger, P.L. , Carter, A. and Cone, S. (2009) Groundwater cooling at the Royal Festival Hall, London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42, pp. 335-346. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-080)

Mayes, W.M., Batty, L.C., Younger, P.L. , Jarvis, A.P., Kõiv, M., Vohla, C. and Mander, U. (2009) Wetland treatment at extremes of pH: a review. Science of the Total Environment, 407(13), pp. 3944-3957. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.06.045)

Bowden, L.I., Jarvis, A.P., Younger, P.L. and Johnson, K.L. (2009) Phosphorus removal from waste waters using basic oxygen steel slag. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(7), pp. 2476-2481. (doi:10.1021/es801626d)

Brassington, F.C. and Younger, P.L. (2009) A proposed framework for hydrogeological conceptual modelling. Water and Environment Journal, 24(4), pp. 261-273. (doi:10.1111/j.1747-6593.2009.00173.x)

Kruse, N.A. and Younger, P.L. (2009) Development of thermodynamically-based models for simulation of hydrogeochemical processes coupled to channel flow processes in abandoned underground mines. Applied Geochemistry, 24(7), pp. 1301-1311. (doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.04.003)

Kruse, N.A.S. and Younger, P.L. (2009) Sinks of iron and manganese in underground coal mine workings. Environmental Geology, 57(8), pp. 1893-1899. (doi:10.1007/s00254-008-1478-7)

2008

Gandy, C.J. and Younger, P.L. (2008) Predicting long-term contamination potential of perched groundwater in a mine-waste heap using a random-walk method. Hydrogeology Journal, 16(3), pp. 447-459. (doi:10.1007/s10040-007-0243-4)

Mayes, W.M., Younger, P.L. and Aumônier, J. (2008) Hydrogeochemistry of alkaline steel slag leachates in the UK. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 195(1-4), pp. 35-50. (doi:10.1007/s11270-008-9725-9)

This list was generated on Wed Sep 20 23:51:16 2017 BST.
Number of items: 117.

Articles

Younger, P. L. (2017) Lost for words: an Ignatian encounter with divine love in aggressive brain cancer. The Way, 56(3), pp. 7-17.

McCay, A. T. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Ranking the geothermal potential of radiothermal granites in Scotland: are any others as hot as the Cairngorms? Scottish Journal of Geology, 53, pp. 1-11. (doi:10.1144/sjg2016-008)

Younger, P. L. (2017) Mr James Barrie Scuffham FREng. Royal Academy of Engineering, 19 May.

Guerrero Martínez, F. J., Younger, P. L. , Karimi, N. and Kyriakis, S. (2017) Three-dimensional numerical simulations of free convection in a layered porous enclosure. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 106, pp. 1005-1013. (doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.10.072)

Westaway, R. and Younger, P. L. (2016) Unravelling the relative contributions of climate change and ground disturbance to subsurface temperature perturbations: Case studies from Tyneside, UK. Geothermics, 64, pp. 490-515. (doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2016.06.009)

Younger, P. L. , Manning, D. A.C., Millward, D., Busby, J. P., Jones, C. R.C. and Gluyas, J. G. (2016) Geothermal exploration in the Fell Sandstone Formation (Mississippian) beneath the city centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: the Newcastle Science Central Deep Geothermal Borehole. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 49(4), pp. 350-363. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2016-053)

Ninikas, K., Hytiris, N., Emmanuel, R., Aaen, B. and Younger, P. L. (2016) Heat recovery from air in underground transport tunnels. Renewable Energy, 96(Pt. A), pp. 843-849. (doi:10.1016/j.renene.2016.05.015)

Hytiris, N., Ninikas, K., Emmanuel, R., Aaen, B. and Younger, P. L. (2016) A heat energy recovery system from tunnel waste water. Environmental Geotechnics, (doi:10.1680/jenge.15.00087) (Early Online Publication)

Younger, P.L. (2016) We must take methane power more seriously. New Civil Engineer, (Accepted for Publication)

Younger, P. (2016) Guest Editor, International Journal of Coal Geology, Special Issue on “Abandoned Coal Mines: From Environmental Liabilities to Low-Carbon Energy Assets”. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 1-134.

Younger, P. L. (2016) Abandoned coal mines: From environmental liabilities to low-carbon energy assets. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 1-2. (doi:10.1016/j.coal.2016.08.006)

Younger, P. L. (2016) A simple, low-cost approach to predicting the hydrogeological consequences of coalfield closure as a basis for best practice in long-term management. International Journal of Coal Geology, 164, pp. 25-34. (doi:10.1016/j.coal.2016.06.002)

Guerrero Martinez, F. J., Younger, P. L. and Karimi, N. (2016) Three-dimensional numerical modeling of free convection in sloping porous enclosures. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 98, pp. 257-267. (doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.029)

Younger, P. (2016) A gift fae the giftie: candid views of a Geordie Catholic on Scottish politics in the wake of the 2016 Holyrood election. Open House, 260,

Younger, P. (2016) The UK energy mix and future R&D focus. Materials World, 24(6), pp. 32-34.

Younger, P. L. (2016) How can we be sure fracking will not pollute aquifers? Lessons from a major longwall coal mining analogue (Selby, Yorkshire, UK). Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 106(2), pp. 89-113. (doi:10.1017/S1755691016000013)

Younger, P. (2016) The end of coal: good riddance or dangerous gamble? Conversation,

Li, J., Paul, M. , Younger, P. L. , Watson, I., Hossain, M. and Welch, S. (2016) Prediction of high-temperature rapid combustion behaviour of woody biomass particles. Fuel, 165, pp. 205-214. (doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2015.10.061)

Kyriakis, S. A. and Younger, P. L. (2016) Towards the increased utilisation of geothermal energy in a district heating network through the use of a heat storage. Applied Thermal Engineering, 94, pp. 99-110. (doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.10.094)

Younger, P. L. (2016) The poor, climate change and energy options. Glasgow Catholic Worker, 10, pp. 4-5.

Li, J., Paul, M. C. , Younger, P. L. , Watson, I., Hossain, M. and Welch, S. (2015) Characterization of biomass combustion at high temperatures based on an upgraded single particle model. Applied Energy, 156, pp. 749-755. (doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.04.027)

Karimi, N., Agbo, D., Khan, A. T. and Younger, P. L. (2015) On the effects of exothermicity and endothermicity upon the temperature fields in a partially-filled porous channel. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 96, pp. 128-148. (doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2015.05.002)

Younger, P. L. (2015) Geothermal Energy: Delivering on the Global Potential. Guest editor of Special Issue. Energies, 8(10),

Younger, P. L. (2015) Geothermal energy: delivering on the global potential. Energies, 8(10), pp. 11737-11754. (doi:10.3390/en81011737)

Younger, P. L. (2015) Ignatian spirituality and the ecological vision of Laudato Si'. The Way, 54(4), pp. 57-67.

Younger, P. L. , Boyce, A. J. and Waring, A. J. (2015) Chloride waters of Great Britain revisited: from subsea formation waters to onshore geothermal fluids. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 126(4-5), pp. 453-465. (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2015.04.001)

Younger, P. (2015) Fracking contamination claims contested. New Civil Engineer,

Younger, P. (2015) Laudato? Sì!: an environmental engineer reads Pope Francis. Open House, 251, pp. 3-4.

Younger, P. (2015) New blow to UK fracking is a delay but not the end of the road. New Scientist,

Younger, P. L. (2015) Early end of wind subsidies. Scotsman, p. 36.

Westaway, R., Younger, P. L. and Cornelius, C. (2015) Comment on ‘Life cycle environmental impacts of UK shale gas’ by L. Stamford and A. Azapagic, Applied Energy, 134, 506–518, 2014. Applied Energy, 148, pp. 489-495. (doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.03.008)

Younger, P. (2015) Good luck G7 leaders – we won’t be off fossil fuels by 2100. Conversation,

Westaway, R., Scotney, P. M., Younger, P. L. and Boyce, A. J. (2015) Subsurface absorption of anthropogenic warming of the land surface: The case of the world's largest brickworks (Stewartby, Bedfordshire, UK). Science of the Total Environment, 508(2015), pp. 585-603. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.09.109) (PMID:25481718)

Younger, P. L. and Mayes, W. M. (2015) The potential use of exhausted open pit mine voids as sinks for atmospheric CO2: insights from natural reedbeds and mine water treatment wetlands. Mine Water and the Environment, 34(1), pp. 112-120. (doi:10.1007/s10230-014-0293-5)

Younger, P. (2015) Why strangle at birth this exciting new fuel source? Times (Scottish Edition)(71423), p. 7.

Li, W., Younger, P. L. , Cheng, Y., Zhang, B., Zhou, H., Liu, Q., Dai, T., Kong, S., Jin, K. and Yang, Q. (2015) Addressing the CO2 emissions of the world's largest coal producer and consumer: lessons from the Haishiwan Coalfield, China. Energy, 80, pp. 400-413. (doi:10.1016/j.energy.2014.11.081)

Younger, P. (2015) Carbon risk: not a binary choice. Investment and Pensions Europe, 19(2), p. 53.

Thorogood, J. L. and Younger, P. L. (2015) Discussion of "Oil and gas wells and their integrity: Implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation" by R. J. Davies, S. Almond, R.S., Ward, R.B. Jackson, C. Adams, F. Worrall, L.G. Herringshaw, J.G. Gluyas and M.A. Whitehead. (Marine and Petroleum Geology 2014). Marine and Petroleum Geology, 59, pp. 671-673. (doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.07.011)

Birks, D., Coutts, C. A., Younger, P. L. and Parkin, G. (2015) Development of a groundwater heating and cooling scheme in a Permo-Triassic sandstone aquifer in South-West England and approach to managing risks. Geoscience in South-West England, 13(4), pp. 428-436.

Birks, D., Younger, P.L. , Tavendale, L., Coutts, C., Parkin, G., Button, P. and Whittall, S. (2015) Groundwater reinjection and heat dissipation: lessons from the operation of a large groundwater cooling system in Central London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 48(2), pp. 94-103. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2014-090)

Fairs, T. H., Younger, P. and Parkin, G. (2015) Parsimonious numerical modelling of deep geothermal reservoirs. Proceedings of the ICE: Energy, 168(EN4), pp. 218-228. (doi:10.1680/ener.14.00026)

Li, J., Paul, M. C. , Younger, P. L. , Watson, I., Hossain, M. and Welch, S. (2015) Combustion modelling of pulverized biomass particles at high temperatures. Energy Procedia, 66, pp. 273-276. (doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.02.055)

Younger, P. L. (2015) Groaning with Creation: ecological spirituality in Laudato Sì. Open House, 252, pp. 7-8.

Younger, P. L. (2015) Laudato Si’: integral liberation for the poor and the planet. Glasgow Catholic Worker, 8, pp. 1-3.

Younger, P. (2014) Carbon: problem … and solution. Tablet, 268(9079), pp. 4-5.

Younger, P. and Ratcliffe, T. (2014) It's do or divest. New Scientist, 224(2995), pp. 26-27. (doi:10.1016/S0262-4079(14)62190-4)

Westaway, R. and Younger, P. L. (2014) Quantification of potential macroseismic effects of the induced seismicity that might result from hydraulic fracturing for shale gas exploitation in the UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 47(4), pp. 333-350. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2014-011)

Mccay, A. , Harley, T., Younger, P. , Sanderson, D. and Cresswell, A. (2014) Gamma-ray spectrometry in geothermal exploration: state of the art techniques. Energies, 7(8), pp. 4757-4780. (doi:10.3390/en7084757)

Younger, P. (2014) Scotland’s renewable energy transition: quo vadis? Geographer: The Newsletter of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society, pp. 6-7.

Younger, P. L. (2014) Missing a trick in geothermal exploration. Nature Geoscience, 7(7), pp. 479-480. (doi:10.1038/ngeo2193)

Younger, P.L. and Henderson, R. (2014) Single artificial wetland successfully treats different types of wastewater. Science for Environment Policy, 375,

Preene, M. and Younger, P.L. (2014) Can you take the heat? – Geothermal energy in mining. Mining Technology, 123(2), pp. 107-118. (doi:10.1179/1743286314Y.0000000058)

Younger, P. L. and Henderson, R. (2014) Synergistic wetland treatment of sewage and mine water: pollutant removal performance of the first full-scale system. Water Research, 55, pp. 74-82. (doi:10.1016/j.watres.2014.02.024)

Elliot, T. and Younger, P. L. (2014) Detection of mixing dynamics during pumping of a flooded coal mine. Groundwater, 52(2), pp. 251-263. (doi:10.1111/gwat.12057)

Younger, P. L. (2014) Hydrogeological challenges in a low carbon economy. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 47(1), pp. 7-27. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2013-063)

Durucan, S. et al. (2014) TOPS: technology options for coupled underground coal gasification and CO2 capture and storage. Energy Procedia, 63, pp. 5827-5835. (doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.616)

Westaway, R. and Younger, P.L. (2013) Accounting for palaeoclimate and topography: a rigorous approach to correction of the British geothermal dataset. Geothermics, 48, pp. 31-51. (doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2013.03.009)

Birks, D., Whittall, S., Savill, I., Younger, P.L. and Parkin, G. (2013) Groundwater cooling of a large building using a shallow alluvial aquifer in central London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 46(2), pp. 189-202. (doi:10.1144/qjegh2012-059)

Westaway, R., Green, P.F., Manning, D.A.C. and Younger, P.L. (2013) Reply to 'discussion on cenozoic cooling and denudation in the North Pennines (northern England, UK) constrained by apatite fission-track analysis of cuttings from the Eastgate Borehole, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, vol. 123, 2012, pp. 450–463, by Martin H.P. Bott. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 124(3), pp. 549-551. (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2012.12.002)

Younger, P.L. (2013) New water for old? Geology and the long view on water resources. Geology Today, 29(2), pp. 68-72. (doi:10.1111/gto.12004)

Younger, P.L. (2013) Water in the balance. Geographical Communications, 85(3), pp. 46-49.

Kortas, L. and Younger, P.L. (2013) Fracture patterns in the Permian Magnesian Limestone Aquifer, Co. Durham, UK. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 59(3), pp. 161-171. (doi:10.1144/pygs2013-322)

Younger, P.L. (2013) Deep geothermal: the Newcastle science central borehole. Geothermal Association of Ireland Newsletter, 21, pp. 9-13.

Álvarez, R., Ordóñez, A., Loredo, J. and Younger, P.L. (2013) Wetland-based passive treatment systems for gold ore processing effluents containing residual cyanide, metals and nitrogen species. Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, 15(11), pp. 2115-2124. (doi:10.1039/c3em00410d)

Oyarzún, J., Castillo, D., Maturana, H., Kretschmer, N., Soto, G., Amezaga, J.M., Rötting, T.S., Younger, P.L. and Oyarzún, R. (2012) Abandoned tailings deposits, acid drainage and alluvial sediments geochemistry, in the arid Elqui River Basin, North-Central Chile. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 115, pp. 47-58. (doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.02.008)

Gluyas, J.G. and Younger, P. (2012) Getting into hot water: the geothermal potential of NE England. Yorkshire Geological Society Circular, 570, p. 8.

Green, P.F., Westaway, R., Manning, D.A.C. and Younger, P.L. (2012) Cenozoic cooling and denudation in the North Pennines (northern England, UK) constrained by apatite fission-track analysis of cuttings from the Eastgate Borehole. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 123(3), pp. 450-463. (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2011.11.003)

Younger, P.L. (2012) Crouching enemy, hidden ally: the decisive role of groundwater discharge features in two major British battles, Flodden 1513 and Prestonpans 1745. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 362(1), pp. 19-33. (doi:10.1144/SP362.2)

Younger, P.L. , Gluyas, J.G. and Stephens, W.E. (2012) Development of deep geothermal energy resources in the UK. Proceedings of the ICE: Energy, 165(1), pp. 19-32. (doi:10.1680/ener.11.00009)

Amezaga, J.M., Rotting, T.S., Younger, P.L. , Nairn, R.W., Noles, A.-J., Oyarzun, R. and Quintanilla, J. (2011) A rich vein? Mining and the pursuit of sustainability. Environmental Science and Technology, 45(1), pp. 21-26. (doi:10.1021/es101430e)

Kuma, J.S., Younger, P. and Buah, W.K. (2011) Numerical indices of the severity of acidic mine drainage: Broadening the applicability of the Gray Acid Mine Drainage Index. Mine Water and the Environment, 30(1), pp. 67-74. (doi:10.1007/s10230-010-0133-1)

Younger, P. (2011) Hydrogeological and geomechanical aspects of underground coal gasification and its direct coupling to carbon capture and storage. Mine Water and the Environment, 30(2), pp. 127-140. (doi:10.1007/s10230-011-0145-5)

Younger, P. and Manning, D.A.C. (2011) Reply to discussion on 'Hyper-permeable granite: lessons from test pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK' by P.L. Younger and D.A.C. Manning: Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43, 5-10. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 44(3), pp. 405-407. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/11-017)

Gandy, C.J., Clarke, L., Banks, D. and Younger, P. (2010) Predictive modelling of groundwater abstraction and artificial recharge of cooling water. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43(3), pp. 279-288. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-093)

Younger, P.L. (2010) Reconnaissance assessment of the prospects for development of high-enthalpy geothermal energy resources, Montserrat. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43(1), pp. 11-22. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-083)

Younger, P.L. and Manning, D.A.C. (2010) Hyper-permeable granite: Lessons from test-pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43(1), pp. 5-10. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-085)

Roddy, D.J. and Younger, P.L. (2010) Underground coal gasification with CCS: A pathway to decarbonising industry. Energy and Environmental Science, 3(4), pp. 400-407. (doi:10.1039/b921197g)

Banks, D., Gandy, C.J., Younger, P.L., Withers, J. and Underwood, C. (2009) Anthropogenic thermogeological 'anomaly' in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42(3), pp. 307-312. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-024)

Clarkson, M.H., Birks, D., Younger, P.L. , Carter, A. and Cone, S. (2009) Groundwater cooling at the Royal Festival Hall, London. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 42, pp. 335-346. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-080)

Mayes, W.M., Batty, L.C., Younger, P.L. , Jarvis, A.P., Kõiv, M., Vohla, C. and Mander, U. (2009) Wetland treatment at extremes of pH: a review. Science of the Total Environment, 407(13), pp. 3944-3957. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.06.045)

Bowden, L.I., Jarvis, A.P., Younger, P.L. and Johnson, K.L. (2009) Phosphorus removal from waste waters using basic oxygen steel slag. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(7), pp. 2476-2481. (doi:10.1021/es801626d)

Brassington, F.C. and Younger, P.L. (2009) A proposed framework for hydrogeological conceptual modelling. Water and Environment Journal, 24(4), pp. 261-273. (doi:10.1111/j.1747-6593.2009.00173.x)

Kruse, N.A. and Younger, P.L. (2009) Development of thermodynamically-based models for simulation of hydrogeochemical processes coupled to channel flow processes in abandoned underground mines. Applied Geochemistry, 24(7), pp. 1301-1311. (doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.04.003)

Kruse, N.A.S. and Younger, P.L. (2009) Sinks of iron and manganese in underground coal mine workings. Environmental Geology, 57(8), pp. 1893-1899. (doi:10.1007/s00254-008-1478-7)

Gandy, C.J. and Younger, P.L. (2008) Predicting long-term contamination potential of perched groundwater in a mine-waste heap using a random-walk method. Hydrogeology Journal, 16(3), pp. 447-459. (doi:10.1007/s10040-007-0243-4)

Mayes, W.M., Younger, P.L. and Aumônier, J. (2008) Hydrogeochemistry of alkaline steel slag leachates in the UK. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 195(1-4), pp. 35-50. (doi:10.1007/s11270-008-9725-9)

Books

Younger, P. L. (2014) Energy: All That Matters. Hodder & Stoughton: London. ISBN 9781473601888

Younger, P.L. (2012) Water. All that matters. Hodder Education: London, UK. ISBN 9781444156812

Book Sections

Younger, P. (2016) Reece, Alan Richard (1927–2012). In: Cannadine, D. (ed.) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography [online edition]. Oxford University Press.

Younger, P.L. (2014) Energy. In: The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World: 14th Edition. HarperCollins: London, pp. 32-33. ISBN 9780007551408

Edited Books

Younger, P. L. (Ed.) (2015) Geothermal Energy: Delivering on the Global Potential. MDPI: Basel. ISBN 9783038421337

Research Reports or Papers

Milligan, G. et al. (2016) Hill of Banchory Geothermal Energy Project Feasibility Study Report. Project Report. Scottish Government. Hill of Banchory Geothermal Energy Consortium, Banchory.

Foster, S., Tyson, G., Ferguson, G., Younger, P. , Bath, A., Evans, R., Scanlon, B. and Lakshmanan, E. (2015) The Energy Sector and Groundwater. Project Report. International Association of Hydrogeologists, Goring.

Younger, P. L. and Westaway, R. (2014) Review of the Inputs of Professor David Smythe in Relation to Planning Applications for Shale Gas Development in Lancashire (Planning Applications LCC/2014/0096 /0097 /0101 and /0102) and Associated Recommendations. Other. University of Glasgow.

Masters, C., Shipton, Z., Gatliff, R., Haszeldine, R.S., Sorbie, K., Stuart, F., Waldron, S., Younger, P.L. and Curran, J. (2014) Independent Expert Scientific Panel – Report on Unconventional Oil and Gas. Project Report. The Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

Mair, R. et al. (2012) Shale gas extraction in the UK: a review of hydraulic fracturing. Project Report. Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering.

Armitt, J., Haste, N., Ion, S., Thomas, H. and Younger, P. (2012) Review of Options for Acceleration of Geological Disposal. Other. Royal Academy of Engineering.

Brown, E., Cloke, J., Blanchard, R., Fisk, D., Gluyas, J., Jones, A., Read, D. and Younger, P. (2012) What are the key issues regarding the role of geothermal energy in meeting energy needs in the global south? Other. Low Carbon Energy for Development Network, Durham, UK.

Conference Proceedings

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Numerical Modelling for Process Investigation of a Single Coal Particle Combustion and Gasification. In: World Congress on Engineering 2017 (WCE 2017), London, UK, 5-7 July 2017, pp. 946-951. ISBN 9789881404831

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Numerical Study of the Effects of CO2 Addition in Single Coal Particle Gasification. In: 9th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2017), Cardiff, UK, 21-24 Aug 2017, (Accepted for Publication)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Identifying Kinetic Parameters for Char Combustion of a Single Coal Particle. In: 8th European Combustion Meeting (ECM2017), Dubrovnik, Croatia, 18-21 April 2017,

Gzyl, G., Banks, D. , Younger, P. , Głodniok, M., Burnside, N., Garzon, B. and Skalny, A. (2016) Low Carbon After-Life – overview and first results of project LoCAL. In: International Mine Water Association (IMWA) Conference 2016: Mining Meets Water – Conflicts and Solutions, Leipzig, Germany, 11-15 Jul 2016, pp. 593-599. ISBN 9783860125335

Feliks, M. E., Elliott, T. P., Delacherois Day, G., Percy, G. D. and Younger, P. L. (2015) Direct Use of Low Enthalpy Deep Geothermal Resources in the East African Rift Valley. In: World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015,

Guerrero-Martinez, F. J., Verma, S. P., Younger, P. L. and Paul, M. (2015) Geothermal systems simulation: A case study. In: World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015,

Ninikas, K., Hytiris, N., Emmanuel, R., Aaen, B. and Younger, P. L. (2015) Waste Water Transformed into Heat Energy. In: XVth World Water Congress, Edinburgh, UK, 25-29 May 2015,

Younger, P. L. , Feliks, M. E.J., Westaway, R., Mccay, A. T. , Harley, T. L., Elliott, T., Stove, G. D.C., Ellis, J., Watson, S. and Waring, A. J. (2015) Renewing the Exploration Approach for Mid-Enthalpy Systems: Examples from Northern England and Scotland. In: World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015,

Ellis, J., Mannino, I., Johnson, G., Feliks, M. E.J., Younger, P. L. and Vaughan, A. P.M. (2014) Shiremoor geothermal heat project: reducing uncertainty around fault geometry and permeability using Move™ for structural model building and stress analysis. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2014, Vienna, Austria, 27 Apr - 2 May 2014,

Younger, P. and Potter, H.A.B. (2012) Parys in Springtime: Hazard Management and Steps Towards Remediation of the UK's Most Polluted Acidic Mine Discharge. In: 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Canada, 20th-26th May 2012, p. 12.

Audio

Younger, P. (2016) What Coal Mining Hydrogeology Tells us about the Real Risks of Fracking. [Audio]

Younger, P. (2016) World changing campus: laying the foundations. [Audio]

Younger, P. , Nield, T. and Williams, R. (2016) Free Thinking: Holes in the Ground. [Audio]

Younger, P. (2015) The Life Scientific: Paul Younger at the Free Thinking Festival. [Audio]

Younger, P. (2015) Beag air Bheag: Gaelic learner of the week. [Audio]

Younger, P. (2014) Energy: can we really have it all - secure, low-carbon and cheap? (Inaugural Rankine Chair Lecture). [Audio]

Website

Younger, P. (2016) Confronting the fracking furore with facts. [Website]

Younger, P. (2014) The Church can and must pronounce on scientific matters. [Website]

Younger, P. and Anderson, K. Fracking - a price worth paying? [Website]

This list was generated on Wed Sep 20 23:51:16 2017 BST.