Prof Keith Muir

  • SINAPSE Chair of Clinical Imaging (Stroke and Brain Imaging)

telephone: 01412012502
email: Keith.Muir@glasgow.ac.uk

R139 Level 1
Neurology Block
Southern General Hospital
Glasgow G51 4TF


Major interests are in the treatment of acute stroke and the application of advanced brain imaging techniques to aid treatment decisions in acute stroke; thrombolysis for stroke; clinical trials and clinical trial design in acute stroke; and the inherited syndrome CADASIL (Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteripathy with Subcortical Infarction and Leucoencephalopathy).

Research work is predominantly undertaken in the South Glasgow Acute Stroke Service, based in the Institute of Neurological Sciences, where we have established a unit with the highest rates of IV thrombolytic treatment in the UK (and in the top 10 in Europe). Currently, we use a mixture of advanced imaging techniques including CT perfusion and CT angiography, MRI (including novel sequences being developed locally for metabolic imaging) and TCD. The specific techniques depend upon the individual research question – recent work has included the use of MR spectroscopy and DWI lesion volume evolution to investigate the therapeutic effects of insulin treatment for hyperglycaemia in acute stroke, and ongoing studies are investigating the influence of hyperglycaemia on recanalisation and reperfusion rates in acute stroke.

The stroke imaging group includes clinical neuroradiologists, physicists, and neuroscientists, and there is close collaboration between preclinical imaging in rodent models of cerebral ischaemia with the clinical studies.

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Number of items: 84.

2014

McVerry, Ferghal, Dani, Krishna Ashok, MacDougall, Niall J.J., Macleod, Mary Joan, Wardlaw, Joanna, and Muir, Keith W. (2014) Derivation and evaluation of thresholds for core and tissue at risk of infarction using CT perfusion. Journal of Neuroimaging . ISSN 1051-2284 (doi:10.1111/jon.12134) (Early Online Publication)

Moreton, FC, Razvi, SSM, Davidson, R., and Muir, KW (2014) Changing clinical patterns and increasing prevalence in CADASIL. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica . ISSN 0001-6314 (doi:10.1111/ane.12266) (Early Online Publication)

2013

Hill, M., and Muir, K.W. (2013) INTERACT-2: should blood pressure be aggressively lowered acutely after intracerebral hemorrhage? Stroke, 44 (10). pp. 2951-2952. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.002790)

Muir, K.W. (2013) STICH 2: does decompression have a role in superficial intracerebral hematoma? International Journal of Stroke, 8 (7). pp. 540-541. ISSN 1747-4930 (doi:10.1111/ijs.12182)

Scalzo, F. et al. (2013) Multi-center prediction of hemorrhagic transformation in acute ischemic stroke using permeability imaging features. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 31 (6). pp. 961-969. ISSN 0730-725X (doi:10.1016/j.mri.2013.03.013)

Rossit, R., Olsen, L., Butler, S., Muir, K., and Harvey, M. (2013) The neural basis of reflexive and volitional saccades: evidence from lesion-symptom mapping with stroke patients. Behavioural Neurology, 27 (3). pp. 297-461. ISSN 0953-4180 (doi:10.3233/BEN-139900)

Tarr, D., Graham, D., Roy, L.A., Holmes, W.M., McCabe, C., Macrae, I.M., Muir, K.W., and Dewar, D. (2013) Hyperglycemia accelerates apparent diffusion coefficient-defined lesion growth after focal cerebral ischemia in rats with and without features of metabolic syndrome. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 33 (10). pp. 1556-1563. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2013.107)

Wintermark, M. et al. (2013) Acute stroke imaging research roadmap II. Stroke, 44 (9). pp. 2628-2639. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.002015)

van der Hoeven, E.J.R.J. et al. (2013) The Basilar artery international cooperation study (BASICS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 14 (200). ISSN 1745-6215 (doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-200)

2012

Dani, K.A., Santosh, C., Brennan, D., Hadley, D.M., and Muir, K.W. (2012) Crossed cerebellar diaschisis: insights into oxygen challenge MRI. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 32 (12). pp. 2114-2117. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2012.142)

Muir, K.W. (2012) Imaging and treatment response after ischaemic stroke. Lancet Neurology, 11 (10). pp. 838-839. ISSN 1474-4422 (doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(12)70207-7)

Sinden, J.D., and Muir, K.W. (2012) Stem cells in stroke treatment: the promise and the challenges. International Journal of Stroke, 7 (5). pp. 426-434. ISSN 1747-4930 (doi:10.1111/j.1747-4949.2012.00840.x)

Rossit, S., McIntosh, R.D., Malhotra, P., Butler, S.H., Muir, K., and Harvey, M. (2012) Attention in action: evidence from on-line corrections in left visual neglect. Neuropsychologia, 50 (6). pp. 1124-1135. ISSN 0028-3932 (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.10.004)

Cooper, S.A., Joshi, A.C., Seenan, P.J., Hadley, D.M., Muir, K.W., Leigh, R.J., and Metcalfe, R.A. (2012) Akinetopsia: acute presentation and evidence for persisting defects in motion vision. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 83 (2). pp. 229-230. ISSN 0022-3050 (doi:10.1136/jnnp.2010.223727)

Dani, K.A., Thomas, R.G.R., Chappell, F.M., Shuler, K., Muir, K.W., and Wardlaw, J.M. (2012) Systematic review of perfusion imaging with computed tomography and magnetic resonance in acute ischemic stroke: heterogeneity of acquisition and postprocessing parameters: a translational medicine research collaboration multicentre acute stroke imaging study. Stroke, 43 (2). pp. 563-566. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.629923)

McVerry, F., Liebeskind, D.S., and Muir, K.W. (2012) Systematic review of methods for assessing leptomeningeal collateral flow. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 33 (3). pp. 576-582. ISSN 0195-6108 (doi:10.3174/ajnr.A2794)

2011

Rossit, S., Malhotra, P., Muir, K., Reeves, I., Duncan, G., and Harvey, M. (2011) The role of right temporal lobe structures in off-line action: evidence from lesion-behavior mapping in stroke patients. Cerebral Cortex, 21 (12). pp. 2751-2761. ISSN 1047-3211 (doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr073)

Dani, K.A., Thomas, R.G.R., Chappell, F.M., Shuler, K., MacLeod, M.J., Muir, K.W., and Wardlaw, J.M. (2011) Computed tomography and magnetic resonance perfusion imaging in ischemic stroke: definitions and thresholds. Annals of Neurology, 70 (3). pp. 384-401. ISSN 0364-5134 (doi:10.1002/ana.22500)

Kalladka, D., and Muir, K.W. (2011) Stem cell therapy in stroke: designing clinical trials. Neurochemistry International, 59 (3). pp. 367-370. ISSN 0197-0186 (doi:10.1016/j.neuint.2011.03.016)

Robertson, Craig A., McCabe, Chris, Gallagher, Lindsay, Lopez Gonzalez, Maria del, Holmes, William M., Condon, Barrie, Muir, Keith W., Santosh, Celestine, and Macrae, I. Mhairi (2011) Stroke penumbra defined by an MRI-based oxygen challenge technique: 2. Validation based on the consequences of reperfusion. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 31 (8). pp. 1788-1798. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2011.67)

Robertson, Craig A., McCabe, Chris, Gallagher, Lindsay, Lopez-Gonzalez, Maria del., Holmes, William M., Condon, Barrie, Muir, Keith W., Santosh, Celestine, and Macrae, I. Mhairi (2011) Stroke penumbra defined by an MRI-based oxygen challenge technique: 1. validation using [14C]2-deoxyglucose autoradiography. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 31 . pp. 1778-1787. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2011.66)

MacDougall, N.J.J., McVerry, F., Baird, S., Baird, T., Teasdale, E., and Muir, K.W. (2011) Iodinated contrast media and cerebral hemorrhage after intravenous thrombolysis. Stroke, 42 (8). pp. 2170-2174. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.618777)

MacDougall, N.J.J., and Muir, K. (2011) Hyperglycaemia and infarct size in animal models of middle cerebral artery occlusion: systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 31 (3). pp. 807-818. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2010.210)

Muir, K.W., Sinden, J., Miljan, E., and Dunn, L. (2011) Intracranial delivery of stem cells. Translational Stroke Research, 2 (3). pp. 266-271. ISSN 1868-4483 (doi:10.1007/s12975-011-0095-z)

Nagakane, Y. et al. (2011) EPITHET: Positive Result After Reanalysis Using Baseline Diffusion-Weighted Imaging/Perfusion-Weighted Imaging Co-Registration. Stroke, 42 (1). pp. 59-64. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.580464)

Puetz, V. et al. (2011) Extent of hypoattenuation on CT angiography source images in Basilar Artery occlusion: prognostic value in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study. Stroke, 42 (12). pp. 3454-3459. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.622175)

2010

Dani, Krishna A., Santosh, Celestine, Brennan, David, McCabe, Chris, Holmes, William M., Condon, Barrie, Hadley, Donald M., Macrae, I. Mhairi, Shaw, Martin, and Muir, Keith W. (2010) T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging with hyperoxia in acute ischemic stroke. Annals of Neurology, 68 (1). pp. 37-47. ISSN 0364-5134 (doi:10.1002/ana.22032)

Crozier, J. E. M., Reid, J., Welch, G., Muir, K.W., and Stuart, W. (2010) Early carotid endarterectomy following thrombolysis in the hyperacute treatment of stroke. British Journal of Surgery, 98 (2). pp. 235-238. ISSN 00071323 (doi:10.1002/bjs.7306)

Awadh, M., MacDougall, N., Santosh, C., Teasdale, E., Baird, T., and Muir, K.W. (2010) Early recurrent ischemic stroke complicating intravenous thrombolysis for stroke: incidence and association with atrial fibrillation. Stroke, 41 (9). pp. 1990-1995. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.109.569459)

Dani, K.A., and Muir, K.W. (2010) Do iodinated contrast agents impair fibrinolysis in acute stroke? A systematic review. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 31 (1). pp. 170-174. ISSN 0195-6108 (doi:10.3174/ajnr.A1782)

Harvey, M. et al. (2010) Long term improvements in activities of daily living in patients with hemispatial neglect. Behavioural Neurology, 23 (4). pp. 237-239. ISSN 0953-4180 (doi:10.3233/BEN-2010-0304)

McCormick, M., Hadley, D., McLean, J. R., Macfarlane, J. A., Condon, B., and Muir, K. W. (2010) Randomized, Controlled Trial of Insulin for Acute Poststroke Hyperglycemia. Annals of Neurology, 67 (5). pp. 570-578. ISSN 0364-5134 (doi:10.1002/ana.21983)

2009

Rossit, S., Malhotra, P., Muir, K., Reeves, I., Duncan, G., Birschel, P., and Harvey, M. (2009) The neural basis of visuomotor deficits in hemispatial neglect. Neuropsychologia, 47 (10). pp. 2149-2153. ISSN 0028-3932 (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.04.015)

Rossit, S., Muir, K., Reeves, I., Duncan, G., Birschel, P., and Harvey, M. (2009) Immediate and delayed reaching in hemispatial neglect. Neuropsychologia, 47 (6). pp. 1563-1572. ISSN 0028-3932 (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.08.008)

Butler, S.H., Rossit, S., Gilchrist, I.D., Ludwig, C.J.H., Olk, B., Muir, K., Reeves, I., and Harvey, M. (2009) Non-lateralised deficits in anti-saccade performance in patients with hemispatial neglect. Neuropsychologia, 47 (12). pp. 2488-2495. ISSN 0028-3932 (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.04.022)

Dowson, A et al. (2009) Response to Letter Regarding Article, 'Migraine Intervention With STARFlex Technology (MIST) Trial'. Circulation, 119 (5). E194-E194.

Kidwell, C.S., Lees, K.R., Muir, K.W., Chen, C., Davis, S.M., De Silva, D.A., Weir, C.J., Starkman, S., Alger, J.R., and Saver, J.L. (2009) Results of the MRI substudy of the intravenous magnesium efficacy in stroke trial. Stroke, 40 (5). pp. 1704-1709. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.537613)

Schonewille, WJ et al. (2009) Treatment and outcomes of acute basilar artery occlusion in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS): a prospective registry study. Lancet Neurology, 8 (8). pp. 724-730. ISSN 1474-4422

2008

Santosh, Celestine et al. (2008) Potential use of oxygen as a metabolic biosensor in combination with T2*-weighted MRI to define the ischemic penumbra. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 28 (10). pp. 1742-1753. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2008.56)

Lecrux, C., McCabe, C., Weir, C.J., Gallagher, L., Mullin, J., Touzani, O., Muir, K., Lees, K.R., and Macrae, I.M. (2008) Effects of magnesium treatment in a model of internal capsule lesion in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Stroke, 39 (2). pp. 448-454. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.492934)

Dani, K.A., McCormick, M.T., and Muir, K.W. (2008) Brain lesion volume and capacity for consent in stroke trials: potential regulatory barriers to the use of surrogate markers. Stroke, 39 (8). pp. 2336-2340. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.507111)

Davis, SM et al. (2008) Effects of alteplase beyond 3 h after stroke in the Echoplanar Imaging Thrombolytic Evaluation Trial (EPITHET): a placebo-controlled randomised trial. Lancet Neurology, 7 (4). pp. 299-309. ISSN 1474-4422 (doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(08)70044-9)

Dowson, A et al. (2008) Migraine intervention with STARFlex technology (MIST) trial - A prospective, multicenter, double-blind, sham-controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of patent foramen ovale closure with STARFlex septal repair implant to resolve refractory migraine. Circulation, 117 (11). pp. 1397-1404.

Lees, K.R. et al. (2008) Thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke in the United Kingdom: experience from the safe implementation of thrombolysis in stroke (SITS) register. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 101 (11). pp. 863-869. ISSN 1460-2725 (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcn102)

McCormick, M.T., Muir, K.W., Gray, C.S., and Walters, M.R. (2008) Management of hyperglycemia in acute stroke: how, when, and for whom? Stroke, 39 (7). pp. 2177-2185. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.496646)

McCormick, M.T., Reeves, I., Baird, T., Bone, I., and Muir, K. (2008) Implementation of a stroke thrombolysis service within a tertiary neurosciences centre in the United Kingdom. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 101 (4). pp. 291-298. ISSN 1460-2725

Muir, K.W. (2008) The PREVAIL trial and low-molecular-weight heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism. Stroke, 39 (7). pp. 2174-2176. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.509588)

Wahlgren, N., Ahmed, N., Davalos, A., Hacke, W., Millan, M., Muir, K., Roine, R.O., Toni, D., and Lees, K.R. (2008) Thrombolysis with alteplase 3—4·5 h after acute ischaemic stroke (SITS-ISTR): an observational study. Lancet, 372 (9646). pp. 1303-1309. ISSN 0140-6736 (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61339-2)

2007

Smith, A., Gilchrist, L.D., Butler, S.H., Muir, K., Bone, I., Reeves, I., and Harvey, M. (2007) Non-lateralised deficits of drawing production in hemispatial neglect. Brain and Cognition, 64 (2). pp. 150-157. ISSN 0278-2626 (doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2007.02.001)

Aslanyan, S., Weir, C.J., Muir, K.W., and Lees, K.R. (2007) Magnesium for treatment of acute lacunar stroke syndromes: further analysis of the IMAGES trial. Stroke, 38 (10). pp. 1269-1273. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/01.STR.0000259628.94421.09)

Moreton, F.C., McCormick, M., and Muir, K.W. (2007) Insular cortex hypoperfusion and acute phase blood glucose after stroke: a CT perfusion study. Stroke, 38 (2). pp. 407-410. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/01.STR.0000254487.73282.4d)

Muir, K.W., Baird-Gunning, J., Walker, L., Baird, T., McCormick, M., and Coutts, S.B. (2007) Can the ischemic penumbra be identified on noncontrast CT of acute stroke? Stroke, 38 (9). pp. 2485-2490. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.484592)

Muir, KW, Sattar, N, Tyrrell, P, and Warburton, E (2007) Inflammation and ischaemic stroke. Current Opinion in Neurology, 20 . pp. 334-342.

Murray, S., Bashir, K., Lees, K.R., Langhorne, P., Muir, K., MacAlpine, C., and Roberts, M. (2007) Epidemiological aspects of referral to TIA clinics in Glasgow. Scottish Medical Journal, 52 . pp. 4-8. ISSN 0036-9330

2006

McCormick, M.T., and Muir, K.W. (2006) Referral bias may underestimate number of very elderly patients eligible for rtPA. Stroke, 37 (4). pp. 942-943. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/01.STR.0000210167.37729.eb)

Baird, T.A., Halbert, H.M., McCormick, M., Muir, K.W., and Teasdale, E. (2006) Visual evaluation of perfusion computed tomography in acute stroke accurately estimates infarct volume and tissue viability. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 77 . pp. 334-339. ISSN 0022-3050 (doi:10.1136/jnnp.2005.074179)

Baron, JC, Buchan, A, Muir, KW, Rother, J, and von, KR (2006) Imaging of acute stroke. Lancet Neurology, 5 . pp. 755-768. ISSN 1474-4422

Butler, S.H., Gilchrist, I.D., Ludwig, C.J.H., Muir, K., and Harvey, M. (2006) Impairments of oculomotor control in a patient with a right temporo-parietal lesion. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 23 (6). pp. 990-999. (doi:10.1080/13594320600768847)

Lees, KR, Muir, KW, Ovbiagele, B, Saver, JL, and Weir, CJ (2006) Effect of smoking status on outcome after acute ischemic stroke. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 21 . pp. 260-265. (doi:10.1159/000091224)

Muir, K, Razvi, SSM, Teasdale, E, Tyagi, A, and Walker, L (2006) Cluster headache due to internal carotid artery dissection. Journal of Neurology, 253 (5). pp. 661-663.

Muir, KW (2006) Glutamate-based therapeutic approaches: clinical trials with NMDA antagonists. Current Opinion in Pharmacology, 6 . pp. 53-60. (doi:10.1016/j.coph.2005.12.002)

2005

Bone, I., Davidson, R., Muir, K., and Razvi, S.S.M. (2005) The prevalence of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) in the west of Scotland. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76 (5). pp. 739-741. ISSN 0022-3050

Muir, K.W., and Santosh, C. (2005) Imaging of acute stroke and transient ischaemic attack. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76 . pp. 19-28. ISSN 0022-3050 (doi:10.1136/jnnp.2005.075168)

Muir, KW, and Teal, PA (2005) Why have neuroprotectants failed? Lessons learned from stroke trials. Journal of Neurology, 252 . pp. 1011-1020. (doi:10.1007/s00415-005-0933-6)

Razvi, SSM, Davidson, R, Bone, I, and Muir, KW (2005) Is inadequate family history a barrier to diagnosis in CADASIL? Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 112 . pp. 323-326. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-0404.2005.00495.x)

Walters, MR, Muir, KW, Harbison, J, Lees, KR, and Ford, GA (2005) Intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke: Preliminary experience with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in the UK. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 20 . pp. 438-442. (doi:10.1159/000088982)

2004

Baird, TA, Bone, I, and Muir, K (2004) Basilar artery occlusion. Neurocritical Care, 1 (3). pp. 319-329.

Lees, K.R. et al. (2004) Magnesium for acute stroke (Intravenous Magnesium Efficacy in Stroke trial): randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 363 . pp. 439-445.

McGonigal, A, and Muir, K (2004) Journey of an embolus. Neurology, 62 (10). p. 1902.

Muir, K (2004) Secondary prevention for stroke and transient ischaemic attacks - Even patients with normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels may benefit. British Medical Journal, 328 (7435). pp. 297-298. ISSN 0959-535X

Muir, K (2004) Secondary prevention for stroke and transient ischaemic attacks - Horizons needs expanding - PROGRESS is about reducing blood pressure, not promoting drugs - Author's reply. British Medical Journal, 328 (7444). p. 897. ISSN 0959-535X

Muir, K, and Nazir, FS (2004) Prolonged interval between vertebral artery dissection and ischemic stroke. Neurology, 62 (9). pp. 1646-1647.

2003

Al, D.L. et al. (2003) Cluster-randomized, controlled trial of computer-based decision support for selecting long-term anti-thrombotic therapy after acute ischaemic stroke. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 96 . pp. 143-153. ISSN 1460-2725 (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcg019)

Alberts, MJ, Graffagnino, C, Hoffmann, KL, Lees, KR, McCarron, MO, Muir, KW, Nicoll, JAR, and Weir, CJ (2003) Effect of apolipoprotein E genotype on in-hospital mortality following intracerebral haemorrhage. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 107 . pp. 106-109.

Muir, K, and Lees, KR (2003) Excitatory Amino Acid antagonists for acute stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3 . CD001244.

2002

Muir, K (2002) Heterogeneity of stroke pathophysiology and neuroprotective clinical trial design. Stroke, 33 (6). pp. 1545-1550.

Muir, K (2002) Inflammation, blood pressure, and stroke: An opportunity to target primary prevention? Stroke, 33 (12). pp. 2732-2733.

Muir, KW (2002) Magnesium in stroke treatment. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 78 . pp. 641-645.

Wilson, JTL, Hareendran, A, Grant, M, Baird, T, Schulz, UGR, Muir, KW, and Bone, I (2002) Improving the assessment of outcomes in stroke - Use of a structured interview to assign grades on the modified Rankin Scale. Stroke, 33 . pp. 2243-2246. (doi:10.1161/01STR000002743722450BD)

2001

Bone, I, Dyker, AG, Lees, KR, McCarron, MO, Muir, K, Nicoll, JAR, and Weir, CJ (2001) Apolipoprotein E genotype, coagulation, and survival following acute stroke. Neurology, 57 (6). pp. 1097-1100.

Muir, K (2001) Headache after diagnostic lumbar puncture - Authors should have used smaller gauge needles - Reply. British Medical Journal, 322 (7292). p. 994. ISSN 0959-535X

Muir, K. (2001) Medical management of stroke. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 70 . I12-I16. ISSN 0022-3050

Muir, K.W. (2001) Magnesium for neuroprotection in ischaemic stroke - Rationale for use and evidence of effectiveness. CNS Drugs, 15 . pp. 921-930. ISSN 1172-7047

2000

McCarron, MO, Metcalfe, RA, and Muir, K (2000) Facial nerve palsy secondary to internal carotid artery dissection. European Journal of Neurology, 7 (6). pp. 723-725.

This list was generated on Wed Jul 23 16:03:00 2014 BST.
Jump to: Article
Number of items: 84.

Article

McVerry, Ferghal, Dani, Krishna Ashok, MacDougall, Niall J.J., Macleod, Mary Joan, Wardlaw, Joanna, and Muir, Keith W. (2014) Derivation and evaluation of thresholds for core and tissue at risk of infarction using CT perfusion. Journal of Neuroimaging . ISSN 1051-2284 (doi:10.1111/jon.12134) (Early Online Publication)

Moreton, FC, Razvi, SSM, Davidson, R., and Muir, KW (2014) Changing clinical patterns and increasing prevalence in CADASIL. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica . ISSN 0001-6314 (doi:10.1111/ane.12266) (Early Online Publication)

Hill, M., and Muir, K.W. (2013) INTERACT-2: should blood pressure be aggressively lowered acutely after intracerebral hemorrhage? Stroke, 44 (10). pp. 2951-2952. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.002790)

Muir, K.W. (2013) STICH 2: does decompression have a role in superficial intracerebral hematoma? International Journal of Stroke, 8 (7). pp. 540-541. ISSN 1747-4930 (doi:10.1111/ijs.12182)

Scalzo, F. et al. (2013) Multi-center prediction of hemorrhagic transformation in acute ischemic stroke using permeability imaging features. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 31 (6). pp. 961-969. ISSN 0730-725X (doi:10.1016/j.mri.2013.03.013)

Rossit, R., Olsen, L., Butler, S., Muir, K., and Harvey, M. (2013) The neural basis of reflexive and volitional saccades: evidence from lesion-symptom mapping with stroke patients. Behavioural Neurology, 27 (3). pp. 297-461. ISSN 0953-4180 (doi:10.3233/BEN-139900)

Tarr, D., Graham, D., Roy, L.A., Holmes, W.M., McCabe, C., Macrae, I.M., Muir, K.W., and Dewar, D. (2013) Hyperglycemia accelerates apparent diffusion coefficient-defined lesion growth after focal cerebral ischemia in rats with and without features of metabolic syndrome. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 33 (10). pp. 1556-1563. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2013.107)

Wintermark, M. et al. (2013) Acute stroke imaging research roadmap II. Stroke, 44 (9). pp. 2628-2639. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.002015)

van der Hoeven, E.J.R.J. et al. (2013) The Basilar artery international cooperation study (BASICS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 14 (200). ISSN 1745-6215 (doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-200)

Dani, K.A., Santosh, C., Brennan, D., Hadley, D.M., and Muir, K.W. (2012) Crossed cerebellar diaschisis: insights into oxygen challenge MRI. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 32 (12). pp. 2114-2117. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2012.142)

Muir, K.W. (2012) Imaging and treatment response after ischaemic stroke. Lancet Neurology, 11 (10). pp. 838-839. ISSN 1474-4422 (doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(12)70207-7)

Sinden, J.D., and Muir, K.W. (2012) Stem cells in stroke treatment: the promise and the challenges. International Journal of Stroke, 7 (5). pp. 426-434. ISSN 1747-4930 (doi:10.1111/j.1747-4949.2012.00840.x)

Rossit, S., McIntosh, R.D., Malhotra, P., Butler, S.H., Muir, K., and Harvey, M. (2012) Attention in action: evidence from on-line corrections in left visual neglect. Neuropsychologia, 50 (6). pp. 1124-1135. ISSN 0028-3932 (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.10.004)

Cooper, S.A., Joshi, A.C., Seenan, P.J., Hadley, D.M., Muir, K.W., Leigh, R.J., and Metcalfe, R.A. (2012) Akinetopsia: acute presentation and evidence for persisting defects in motion vision. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 83 (2). pp. 229-230. ISSN 0022-3050 (doi:10.1136/jnnp.2010.223727)

Dani, K.A., Thomas, R.G.R., Chappell, F.M., Shuler, K., Muir, K.W., and Wardlaw, J.M. (2012) Systematic review of perfusion imaging with computed tomography and magnetic resonance in acute ischemic stroke: heterogeneity of acquisition and postprocessing parameters: a translational medicine research collaboration multicentre acute stroke imaging study. Stroke, 43 (2). pp. 563-566. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.629923)

McVerry, F., Liebeskind, D.S., and Muir, K.W. (2012) Systematic review of methods for assessing leptomeningeal collateral flow. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 33 (3). pp. 576-582. ISSN 0195-6108 (doi:10.3174/ajnr.A2794)

Rossit, S., Malhotra, P., Muir, K., Reeves, I., Duncan, G., and Harvey, M. (2011) The role of right temporal lobe structures in off-line action: evidence from lesion-behavior mapping in stroke patients. Cerebral Cortex, 21 (12). pp. 2751-2761. ISSN 1047-3211 (doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr073)

Dani, K.A., Thomas, R.G.R., Chappell, F.M., Shuler, K., MacLeod, M.J., Muir, K.W., and Wardlaw, J.M. (2011) Computed tomography and magnetic resonance perfusion imaging in ischemic stroke: definitions and thresholds. Annals of Neurology, 70 (3). pp. 384-401. ISSN 0364-5134 (doi:10.1002/ana.22500)

Kalladka, D., and Muir, K.W. (2011) Stem cell therapy in stroke: designing clinical trials. Neurochemistry International, 59 (3). pp. 367-370. ISSN 0197-0186 (doi:10.1016/j.neuint.2011.03.016)

Robertson, Craig A., McCabe, Chris, Gallagher, Lindsay, Lopez Gonzalez, Maria del, Holmes, William M., Condon, Barrie, Muir, Keith W., Santosh, Celestine, and Macrae, I. Mhairi (2011) Stroke penumbra defined by an MRI-based oxygen challenge technique: 2. Validation based on the consequences of reperfusion. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 31 (8). pp. 1788-1798. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2011.67)

Robertson, Craig A., McCabe, Chris, Gallagher, Lindsay, Lopez-Gonzalez, Maria del., Holmes, William M., Condon, Barrie, Muir, Keith W., Santosh, Celestine, and Macrae, I. Mhairi (2011) Stroke penumbra defined by an MRI-based oxygen challenge technique: 1. validation using [14C]2-deoxyglucose autoradiography. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 31 . pp. 1778-1787. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2011.66)

MacDougall, N.J.J., McVerry, F., Baird, S., Baird, T., Teasdale, E., and Muir, K.W. (2011) Iodinated contrast media and cerebral hemorrhage after intravenous thrombolysis. Stroke, 42 (8). pp. 2170-2174. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.618777)

MacDougall, N.J.J., and Muir, K. (2011) Hyperglycaemia and infarct size in animal models of middle cerebral artery occlusion: systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 31 (3). pp. 807-818. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2010.210)

Muir, K.W., Sinden, J., Miljan, E., and Dunn, L. (2011) Intracranial delivery of stem cells. Translational Stroke Research, 2 (3). pp. 266-271. ISSN 1868-4483 (doi:10.1007/s12975-011-0095-z)

Nagakane, Y. et al. (2011) EPITHET: Positive Result After Reanalysis Using Baseline Diffusion-Weighted Imaging/Perfusion-Weighted Imaging Co-Registration. Stroke, 42 (1). pp. 59-64. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.580464)

Puetz, V. et al. (2011) Extent of hypoattenuation on CT angiography source images in Basilar Artery occlusion: prognostic value in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study. Stroke, 42 (12). pp. 3454-3459. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.622175)

Dani, Krishna A., Santosh, Celestine, Brennan, David, McCabe, Chris, Holmes, William M., Condon, Barrie, Hadley, Donald M., Macrae, I. Mhairi, Shaw, Martin, and Muir, Keith W. (2010) T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging with hyperoxia in acute ischemic stroke. Annals of Neurology, 68 (1). pp. 37-47. ISSN 0364-5134 (doi:10.1002/ana.22032)

Crozier, J. E. M., Reid, J., Welch, G., Muir, K.W., and Stuart, W. (2010) Early carotid endarterectomy following thrombolysis in the hyperacute treatment of stroke. British Journal of Surgery, 98 (2). pp. 235-238. ISSN 00071323 (doi:10.1002/bjs.7306)

Awadh, M., MacDougall, N., Santosh, C., Teasdale, E., Baird, T., and Muir, K.W. (2010) Early recurrent ischemic stroke complicating intravenous thrombolysis for stroke: incidence and association with atrial fibrillation. Stroke, 41 (9). pp. 1990-1995. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.109.569459)

Dani, K.A., and Muir, K.W. (2010) Do iodinated contrast agents impair fibrinolysis in acute stroke? A systematic review. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 31 (1). pp. 170-174. ISSN 0195-6108 (doi:10.3174/ajnr.A1782)

Harvey, M. et al. (2010) Long term improvements in activities of daily living in patients with hemispatial neglect. Behavioural Neurology, 23 (4). pp. 237-239. ISSN 0953-4180 (doi:10.3233/BEN-2010-0304)

McCormick, M., Hadley, D., McLean, J. R., Macfarlane, J. A., Condon, B., and Muir, K. W. (2010) Randomized, Controlled Trial of Insulin for Acute Poststroke Hyperglycemia. Annals of Neurology, 67 (5). pp. 570-578. ISSN 0364-5134 (doi:10.1002/ana.21983)

Rossit, S., Malhotra, P., Muir, K., Reeves, I., Duncan, G., Birschel, P., and Harvey, M. (2009) The neural basis of visuomotor deficits in hemispatial neglect. Neuropsychologia, 47 (10). pp. 2149-2153. ISSN 0028-3932 (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.04.015)

Rossit, S., Muir, K., Reeves, I., Duncan, G., Birschel, P., and Harvey, M. (2009) Immediate and delayed reaching in hemispatial neglect. Neuropsychologia, 47 (6). pp. 1563-1572. ISSN 0028-3932 (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.08.008)

Butler, S.H., Rossit, S., Gilchrist, I.D., Ludwig, C.J.H., Olk, B., Muir, K., Reeves, I., and Harvey, M. (2009) Non-lateralised deficits in anti-saccade performance in patients with hemispatial neglect. Neuropsychologia, 47 (12). pp. 2488-2495. ISSN 0028-3932 (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.04.022)

Dowson, A et al. (2009) Response to Letter Regarding Article, 'Migraine Intervention With STARFlex Technology (MIST) Trial'. Circulation, 119 (5). E194-E194.

Kidwell, C.S., Lees, K.R., Muir, K.W., Chen, C., Davis, S.M., De Silva, D.A., Weir, C.J., Starkman, S., Alger, J.R., and Saver, J.L. (2009) Results of the MRI substudy of the intravenous magnesium efficacy in stroke trial. Stroke, 40 (5). pp. 1704-1709. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.537613)

Schonewille, WJ et al. (2009) Treatment and outcomes of acute basilar artery occlusion in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS): a prospective registry study. Lancet Neurology, 8 (8). pp. 724-730. ISSN 1474-4422

Santosh, Celestine et al. (2008) Potential use of oxygen as a metabolic biosensor in combination with T2*-weighted MRI to define the ischemic penumbra. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 28 (10). pp. 1742-1753. ISSN 0271-678X (doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2008.56)

Lecrux, C., McCabe, C., Weir, C.J., Gallagher, L., Mullin, J., Touzani, O., Muir, K., Lees, K.R., and Macrae, I.M. (2008) Effects of magnesium treatment in a model of internal capsule lesion in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Stroke, 39 (2). pp. 448-454. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.492934)

Dani, K.A., McCormick, M.T., and Muir, K.W. (2008) Brain lesion volume and capacity for consent in stroke trials: potential regulatory barriers to the use of surrogate markers. Stroke, 39 (8). pp. 2336-2340. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.507111)

Davis, SM et al. (2008) Effects of alteplase beyond 3 h after stroke in the Echoplanar Imaging Thrombolytic Evaluation Trial (EPITHET): a placebo-controlled randomised trial. Lancet Neurology, 7 (4). pp. 299-309. ISSN 1474-4422 (doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(08)70044-9)

Dowson, A et al. (2008) Migraine intervention with STARFlex technology (MIST) trial - A prospective, multicenter, double-blind, sham-controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of patent foramen ovale closure with STARFlex septal repair implant to resolve refractory migraine. Circulation, 117 (11). pp. 1397-1404.

Lees, K.R. et al. (2008) Thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke in the United Kingdom: experience from the safe implementation of thrombolysis in stroke (SITS) register. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 101 (11). pp. 863-869. ISSN 1460-2725 (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcn102)

McCormick, M.T., Muir, K.W., Gray, C.S., and Walters, M.R. (2008) Management of hyperglycemia in acute stroke: how, when, and for whom? Stroke, 39 (7). pp. 2177-2185. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.496646)

McCormick, M.T., Reeves, I., Baird, T., Bone, I., and Muir, K. (2008) Implementation of a stroke thrombolysis service within a tertiary neurosciences centre in the United Kingdom. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 101 (4). pp. 291-298. ISSN 1460-2725

Muir, K.W. (2008) The PREVAIL trial and low-molecular-weight heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism. Stroke, 39 (7). pp. 2174-2176. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.509588)

Wahlgren, N., Ahmed, N., Davalos, A., Hacke, W., Millan, M., Muir, K., Roine, R.O., Toni, D., and Lees, K.R. (2008) Thrombolysis with alteplase 3—4·5 h after acute ischaemic stroke (SITS-ISTR): an observational study. Lancet, 372 (9646). pp. 1303-1309. ISSN 0140-6736 (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61339-2)

Smith, A., Gilchrist, L.D., Butler, S.H., Muir, K., Bone, I., Reeves, I., and Harvey, M. (2007) Non-lateralised deficits of drawing production in hemispatial neglect. Brain and Cognition, 64 (2). pp. 150-157. ISSN 0278-2626 (doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2007.02.001)

Aslanyan, S., Weir, C.J., Muir, K.W., and Lees, K.R. (2007) Magnesium for treatment of acute lacunar stroke syndromes: further analysis of the IMAGES trial. Stroke, 38 (10). pp. 1269-1273. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/01.STR.0000259628.94421.09)

Moreton, F.C., McCormick, M., and Muir, K.W. (2007) Insular cortex hypoperfusion and acute phase blood glucose after stroke: a CT perfusion study. Stroke, 38 (2). pp. 407-410. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/01.STR.0000254487.73282.4d)

Muir, K.W., Baird-Gunning, J., Walker, L., Baird, T., McCormick, M., and Coutts, S.B. (2007) Can the ischemic penumbra be identified on noncontrast CT of acute stroke? Stroke, 38 (9). pp. 2485-2490. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.484592)

Muir, KW, Sattar, N, Tyrrell, P, and Warburton, E (2007) Inflammation and ischaemic stroke. Current Opinion in Neurology, 20 . pp. 334-342.

Murray, S., Bashir, K., Lees, K.R., Langhorne, P., Muir, K., MacAlpine, C., and Roberts, M. (2007) Epidemiological aspects of referral to TIA clinics in Glasgow. Scottish Medical Journal, 52 . pp. 4-8. ISSN 0036-9330

McCormick, M.T., and Muir, K.W. (2006) Referral bias may underestimate number of very elderly patients eligible for rtPA. Stroke, 37 (4). pp. 942-943. ISSN 0039-2499 (doi:10.1161/01.STR.0000210167.37729.eb)

Baird, T.A., Halbert, H.M., McCormick, M., Muir, K.W., and Teasdale, E. (2006) Visual evaluation of perfusion computed tomography in acute stroke accurately estimates infarct volume and tissue viability. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 77 . pp. 334-339. ISSN 0022-3050 (doi:10.1136/jnnp.2005.074179)

Baron, JC, Buchan, A, Muir, KW, Rother, J, and von, KR (2006) Imaging of acute stroke. Lancet Neurology, 5 . pp. 755-768. ISSN 1474-4422

Butler, S.H., Gilchrist, I.D., Ludwig, C.J.H., Muir, K., and Harvey, M. (2006) Impairments of oculomotor control in a patient with a right temporo-parietal lesion. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 23 (6). pp. 990-999. (doi:10.1080/13594320600768847)

Lees, KR, Muir, KW, Ovbiagele, B, Saver, JL, and Weir, CJ (2006) Effect of smoking status on outcome after acute ischemic stroke. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 21 . pp. 260-265. (doi:10.1159/000091224)

Muir, K, Razvi, SSM, Teasdale, E, Tyagi, A, and Walker, L (2006) Cluster headache due to internal carotid artery dissection. Journal of Neurology, 253 (5). pp. 661-663.

Muir, KW (2006) Glutamate-based therapeutic approaches: clinical trials with NMDA antagonists. Current Opinion in Pharmacology, 6 . pp. 53-60. (doi:10.1016/j.coph.2005.12.002)

Bone, I., Davidson, R., Muir, K., and Razvi, S.S.M. (2005) The prevalence of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) in the west of Scotland. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76 (5). pp. 739-741. ISSN 0022-3050

Muir, K.W., and Santosh, C. (2005) Imaging of acute stroke and transient ischaemic attack. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76 . pp. 19-28. ISSN 0022-3050 (doi:10.1136/jnnp.2005.075168)

Muir, KW, and Teal, PA (2005) Why have neuroprotectants failed? Lessons learned from stroke trials. Journal of Neurology, 252 . pp. 1011-1020. (doi:10.1007/s00415-005-0933-6)

Razvi, SSM, Davidson, R, Bone, I, and Muir, KW (2005) Is inadequate family history a barrier to diagnosis in CADASIL? Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 112 . pp. 323-326. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-0404.2005.00495.x)

Walters, MR, Muir, KW, Harbison, J, Lees, KR, and Ford, GA (2005) Intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke: Preliminary experience with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in the UK. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 20 . pp. 438-442. (doi:10.1159/000088982)

Baird, TA, Bone, I, and Muir, K (2004) Basilar artery occlusion. Neurocritical Care, 1 (3). pp. 319-329.

Lees, K.R. et al. (2004) Magnesium for acute stroke (Intravenous Magnesium Efficacy in Stroke trial): randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 363 . pp. 439-445.

McGonigal, A, and Muir, K (2004) Journey of an embolus. Neurology, 62 (10). p. 1902.

Muir, K (2004) Secondary prevention for stroke and transient ischaemic attacks - Even patients with normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels may benefit. British Medical Journal, 328 (7435). pp. 297-298. ISSN 0959-535X

Muir, K (2004) Secondary prevention for stroke and transient ischaemic attacks - Horizons needs expanding - PROGRESS is about reducing blood pressure, not promoting drugs - Author's reply. British Medical Journal, 328 (7444). p. 897. ISSN 0959-535X

Muir, K, and Nazir, FS (2004) Prolonged interval between vertebral artery dissection and ischemic stroke. Neurology, 62 (9). pp. 1646-1647.

Al, D.L. et al. (2003) Cluster-randomized, controlled trial of computer-based decision support for selecting long-term anti-thrombotic therapy after acute ischaemic stroke. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 96 . pp. 143-153. ISSN 1460-2725 (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcg019)

Alberts, MJ, Graffagnino, C, Hoffmann, KL, Lees, KR, McCarron, MO, Muir, KW, Nicoll, JAR, and Weir, CJ (2003) Effect of apolipoprotein E genotype on in-hospital mortality following intracerebral haemorrhage. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 107 . pp. 106-109.

Muir, K, and Lees, KR (2003) Excitatory Amino Acid antagonists for acute stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3 . CD001244.

Muir, K (2002) Heterogeneity of stroke pathophysiology and neuroprotective clinical trial design. Stroke, 33 (6). pp. 1545-1550.

Muir, K (2002) Inflammation, blood pressure, and stroke: An opportunity to target primary prevention? Stroke, 33 (12). pp. 2732-2733.

Muir, KW (2002) Magnesium in stroke treatment. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 78 . pp. 641-645.

Wilson, JTL, Hareendran, A, Grant, M, Baird, T, Schulz, UGR, Muir, KW, and Bone, I (2002) Improving the assessment of outcomes in stroke - Use of a structured interview to assign grades on the modified Rankin Scale. Stroke, 33 . pp. 2243-2246. (doi:10.1161/01STR000002743722450BD)

Bone, I, Dyker, AG, Lees, KR, McCarron, MO, Muir, K, Nicoll, JAR, and Weir, CJ (2001) Apolipoprotein E genotype, coagulation, and survival following acute stroke. Neurology, 57 (6). pp. 1097-1100.

Muir, K (2001) Headache after diagnostic lumbar puncture - Authors should have used smaller gauge needles - Reply. British Medical Journal, 322 (7292). p. 994. ISSN 0959-535X

Muir, K. (2001) Medical management of stroke. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 70 . I12-I16. ISSN 0022-3050

Muir, K.W. (2001) Magnesium for neuroprotection in ischaemic stroke - Rationale for use and evidence of effectiveness. CNS Drugs, 15 . pp. 921-930. ISSN 1172-7047

McCarron, MO, Metcalfe, RA, and Muir, K (2000) Facial nerve palsy secondary to internal carotid artery dissection. European Journal of Neurology, 7 (6). pp. 723-725.

This list was generated on Wed Jul 23 16:03:00 2014 BST.