Mr Robert Young

  • Senior Investigator Scientist (MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit)
  • Honorary Research Fellow (Institute of Health and Wellbeing)

telephone: 01413537569
email: Robert.Young@glasgow.ac.uk

Biography

Robert joined the MRC SPHSU in 2000, when he returned to Glasgow to join the Youth and Health Programme. He continued onto the Children, Young People, Families and Health programme and is currently is a member of the new Social Relationships and Health Improvement programme. He was involved in analysis of the ‘West of Scotland 11 to 16 study'. Since then, Robert has been involved in the design and data collection of several other studies, notably the continuation of 11 to 16 into the post-school period (16+ study), the ‘Teenage Health in School' (THiS) study, the psychiatric component of the ‘Peers and Levels of Stress' (PaLS) study. He is involved with several international collaborations with German and Swedish partners focusing on adolescent social relationships and their influence on victimisation, mental health, attempted suicide and self-injury.

Starting as a mature student, Robert graduated with a B.Sc. (Hons) in Psychology from Glasgow Caledonian University in 1996, then continuing with a further year of study to complete a post-graduate in Computer Studies. His first research post was at Charing Cross Medical School and Imperial College London in 1998, where he worked in an outpatient psychiatric clinic conducting psychometric assessment and research with gender dysphoric patients at the National Gender Identity Clinic. He retains a strong interest in gender related research and its influence on psychological health.

His work uses longitudinal methods, social network analysis and structural equation modelling to understand the impact of social relationships on young people’s mental health, be that parental, peer or online relationships. He is particularly interested in the relationship between mental health and peer-initiated sexual violence, harassment and victimisation, typically contrasting developmental and feminist perspectives. His work also contrasts the impact of traditional structural (class, poverty) vs. newer consumer and cultural influences on health. His ongoing research focuses on the prevalence of self-harm in young people and its relation to youth subculture, peer group and lifestyle, specifically ‘Alternative’ youth. His latest work explores the contagion of suicidal and self-injury among ‘real-life’ and ‘online’ social networks and the consequences for online policy and developing peer-led social interventions.

Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2016 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2004 | 2001
Number of items: 38.

2016

Young, R., Dagnan, D., and Jahoda, A. (2016) Leaving school: a comparison of the worries held by adolescents with and without intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(1), pp. 9-21. (doi:10.1111/jir.12223) (PMID:26420749)

Dahlqvist, H. Z., Landstedt, E., Young, R., and Gådin, K. G. (2016) Dimensions of peer sexual harassment victimization and depressive symptoms in adolescence: a longitudinal cross-lagged study in a Swedish sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(5), pp. 858-873. (doi:10.1007/s10964-016-0446-x) (PMID:26910524)

Parkes, A., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Wight, D. (2016) Does parenting help to explain socio-economic inequalities in children’s body mass index trajectories? Longitudinal analysis using the Growing Up in Scotland Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, (doi:10.1136/jech-2015-206616) (Early Online Publication)

2014

Young, R., Sproeber, N., Groschwitz, R. C., Preiss, M., and Plener, P. L. (2014) Why alternative teenagers self-harm: exploring the link between non-suicidal self-injury, attempted suicide and adolescent identity. BMC Psychiatry, 14(137), (doi:10.1186/1471-244X-14-137)

2013

Young, R., Macdonald, L., and Ellaway, A. (2013) Associations between proximity and density of local alcohol outlets and alcohol use among Scottish adolescents. Health and Place, 19, pp. 124-130. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.10.004)

Young, R., and Van Beinum, M. (2013) An assertive outreach intervention does not reduce repeat suicide attempts compared with usual care. Evidence-Based Mental Health, 16(1), p. 20. (doi:10.1136/eb-2012-101042)

2012

Young, R. (2012) Can neds (or chavs) be non-delinquent, educated or even middle class? Contrasting empirical findings with cultural stereotypes. Sociology, 46(6), pp. 1140-1160. (doi:10.1177/0038038511435059)

Young, R., Lennie, S., and Minnis, H. (2012) Children’s perceptions of parental emotional neglect and psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(8), pp. 889-897. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02390.x)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2012) Associations between DSM-IV diagnosis, psychiatric symptoms and morning cortisol levels in a community sample of adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47(5), pp. 723-733. (doi:10.1007/s00127-011-0374-8)

Karvonen, S., Young, R., West, P., and Rahkonen, O. (2012) Value orientations among late modern youth – a cross-cultural study. Journal of Youth Studies, 15(1), pp. 33-52. (doi:10.1080/13676261.2011.617734)

Markham, W.A., Young, R., Sweeting, H., West, P., and Aveyard, P. (2012) Does school ethos explain the relationship between value-added education and teenage substance use? A cohort study. Social Science and Medicine, 75(1), pp. 69-76. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.02.045)

2011

McArdle, P., Young, R., Quibell, T., Moseley, D., Johnson, R., and LeCouteur, A. (2011) Early intervention for at risk children: 3-year follow-up. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 20(3), pp. 111-120. (doi:10.1007/s00787-010-0148-y)

Hunt, K., Sweeting, H., Sargent, J., Lewars, H., Young, R., and West, P. (2011) Is there an association between seeing incidents of alcohol or drug use in films and young Scottish adults' own alcohol or drug use? A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 11(259), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-259)

Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., and Kelly, S. (2011) Dimensions of adolescent subjective social status within the school community: Description and correlates. Journal of Adolescence, 34(3), pp. 493-504. (doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.06.001)

Young, R., McCafferty, E., Metcalfe, J., and Van Beinum, M.A. (2011) Evaluating the Glasgow adolescent self-harm service: a seven-year retrospective investigation: final report. Technical Report. Chief Scientist Office, Glasgow, UK.

Young, R., and McDonald-Smith, L. (2011) Lisbeth Salander and the ‘truth’ about goths. In: Rosenberg, R. and O'Neill, S. (eds.) The Psychology of the Girl With the Dragon Tattoo. Smart Pop: Dallas, TX, USA. ISBN 9781936661343

Young, R., Riordan, V., and Stark, C. (2011) Perinatal and psychosocial circumstances associated with risk of attempted suicide, non-suicidal self-injury and psychiatric service use: a longitudinal study of young people. BMC Public Health, 11(875), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-875)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and Ellaway, A. (2011) Do schools differ in suicide risk? The influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils. BMC Public Health, 11(874), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-874)

2010

Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., and Der, G. (2010) Can we explain increases in young people’s psychological distress over time? Social Science and Medicine, 71(10), pp. 1819-1830. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.08.012)

West, P., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Kelly, S. (2010) The relative importance of family socioeconomic status and school-based peer hierarchies for morning cortisol in youth: an exporatory study. Social Science and Medicine, 70(8), pp. 1246-1253. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.12.006)

Young, R. (2010) Trauma, attempted suicide, and morning cortisol in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(2), pp. 288-291. (doi:10.1002/jts.20516)

West, P., Sweeting, H., and Young, R. (2010) Transition matters: pupils' experiences of the primary-secondary school transition in the West of Scotland and consequences for well-being and attainment. Research Papers in Education, 25(1), pp. 21-50. (doi:10.1080/02671520802308677)

Young, R., and West, P. (2010) Do 'good values' lead to 'good' health-behaviours? Longitudinal associations between young people's values and later substance-use. BMC Public Health, 10, 165. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-165) (PMID:20346109) (PMCID:PMC2864210)

2009

Sweeting, H., Young, R., and West, P. (2009) GHQ increases among Scottish 15 year olds 1987–2006. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 44(7), pp. 579-586. (doi:10.1007/s00127-008-0462-6)

2008

Kelly, S.J., Young, R., Sweeting, H., Fischer, J.E., and West, P. (2008) Levels and confounders of morning cortisol collected from adolescents in a naturalistic (school) setting. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 33(9), pp. 1257-1268. (doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.06.010)

Sweeting, H., West, P., and Young, R. (2008) Obesity among Scottish 15 year olds 1987–2006: prevalence and associations with socio-economic status, well-being and worries about weight. BMC Public Health, 8(1), p. 404. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-404)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2008) A longitudinal study of alcohol use and antisocial behaviour in young people. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 43(2), pp. 204-214.

2007

West, P., Sweeting, H., and Young, R. (2007) Smoking in Scottish youths: personal income, parental social class and the cost of smoking. Tobacco Control, 16(5), pp. 329-335.

Young, R., Van Beinum, M., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2007) Young people who self-harm. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191(1), pp. 44-49. (doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.106.034330)

2006

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2006) Prevalence of deliberate self harm and attempted suicide within contemporary Goth youth subculture: longitudinal cohort study. British Medical Journal, 332, pp. 1058-1061. (doi:10.1136/bmj.38790.495544.7C)

Pearson, M., Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., Gordon, J., and Turner, K. (2006) Adolescent substance use in different social and peer contexts: A social network analysis. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 13(6), pp. 519-536. (doi:10.1080/09687630600828912)

Sweeting, H., Young, R., West, P., and Der, G. (2006) Peer victimization and depression in early-mid adolescence: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76(3), pp. 577-594. (doi:10.1348/000709905X49890)

Turner, K., West, P., Gordon, J., Young, R., and Sweeting, H. (2006) Could the peer group explain school differences in pupil smoking rates? An exploratory study. Social Science and Medicine, 62(10), pp. 2513-2525. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.11.017)

West, P., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Robins, M. (2006) A material paradox: socioeconomic status, young people's disposable income and consumer culture. Journal of Youth Studies, 9(4), pp. 437-462. (doi:10.1080/13676260600805739)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2006) Self harm in Goth youth subculture: authors' reply. BMJ, 332(7553), p. 1335. (doi:10.1136/bmj.332.7553.1335-a)

2004

Young, R., and Sweeting, H. (2004) Adolescent bullying, relationships, psychological well-being, and gender-atypical behavior: a gender diagnosticity approach. Sex Roles, 50(7/8), pp. 525-537. (doi:10.1023/B:SERS.0000023072.53886.86)

Turner, K.M., Gordon, J., and Young, R. (2004) Cigarette access and pupil smoking rates: a circular relationship? Health Promotion International, 19(4), pp. 428-436. (doi:10.1093/heapro/dah404)

2001

Karvonen, S., West, P., Sweeting, H., Rahkonen, O., and Young, R. (2001) Lifestyle, social class and health related behaviours - a cross cultural comparison of 15 year olds in Glasgow and Helsinki. Journal of Youth Studies, 4(4), pp. 393-413. (doi:10.1080/13676260120101879)

This list was generated on Fri Aug 26 19:16:12 2016 BST.
Number of items: 38.

Articles

Young, R., Dagnan, D., and Jahoda, A. (2016) Leaving school: a comparison of the worries held by adolescents with and without intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(1), pp. 9-21. (doi:10.1111/jir.12223) (PMID:26420749)

Dahlqvist, H. Z., Landstedt, E., Young, R., and Gådin, K. G. (2016) Dimensions of peer sexual harassment victimization and depressive symptoms in adolescence: a longitudinal cross-lagged study in a Swedish sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(5), pp. 858-873. (doi:10.1007/s10964-016-0446-x) (PMID:26910524)

Parkes, A., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Wight, D. (2016) Does parenting help to explain socio-economic inequalities in children’s body mass index trajectories? Longitudinal analysis using the Growing Up in Scotland Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, (doi:10.1136/jech-2015-206616) (Early Online Publication)

Young, R., Sproeber, N., Groschwitz, R. C., Preiss, M., and Plener, P. L. (2014) Why alternative teenagers self-harm: exploring the link between non-suicidal self-injury, attempted suicide and adolescent identity. BMC Psychiatry, 14(137), (doi:10.1186/1471-244X-14-137)

Young, R., Macdonald, L., and Ellaway, A. (2013) Associations between proximity and density of local alcohol outlets and alcohol use among Scottish adolescents. Health and Place, 19, pp. 124-130. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.10.004)

Young, R., and Van Beinum, M. (2013) An assertive outreach intervention does not reduce repeat suicide attempts compared with usual care. Evidence-Based Mental Health, 16(1), p. 20. (doi:10.1136/eb-2012-101042)

Young, R. (2012) Can neds (or chavs) be non-delinquent, educated or even middle class? Contrasting empirical findings with cultural stereotypes. Sociology, 46(6), pp. 1140-1160. (doi:10.1177/0038038511435059)

Young, R., Lennie, S., and Minnis, H. (2012) Children’s perceptions of parental emotional neglect and psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(8), pp. 889-897. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02390.x)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2012) Associations between DSM-IV diagnosis, psychiatric symptoms and morning cortisol levels in a community sample of adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47(5), pp. 723-733. (doi:10.1007/s00127-011-0374-8)

Karvonen, S., Young, R., West, P., and Rahkonen, O. (2012) Value orientations among late modern youth – a cross-cultural study. Journal of Youth Studies, 15(1), pp. 33-52. (doi:10.1080/13676261.2011.617734)

Markham, W.A., Young, R., Sweeting, H., West, P., and Aveyard, P. (2012) Does school ethos explain the relationship between value-added education and teenage substance use? A cohort study. Social Science and Medicine, 75(1), pp. 69-76. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.02.045)

McArdle, P., Young, R., Quibell, T., Moseley, D., Johnson, R., and LeCouteur, A. (2011) Early intervention for at risk children: 3-year follow-up. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 20(3), pp. 111-120. (doi:10.1007/s00787-010-0148-y)

Hunt, K., Sweeting, H., Sargent, J., Lewars, H., Young, R., and West, P. (2011) Is there an association between seeing incidents of alcohol or drug use in films and young Scottish adults' own alcohol or drug use? A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 11(259), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-259)

Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., and Kelly, S. (2011) Dimensions of adolescent subjective social status within the school community: Description and correlates. Journal of Adolescence, 34(3), pp. 493-504. (doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.06.001)

Young, R., Riordan, V., and Stark, C. (2011) Perinatal and psychosocial circumstances associated with risk of attempted suicide, non-suicidal self-injury and psychiatric service use: a longitudinal study of young people. BMC Public Health, 11(875), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-875)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and Ellaway, A. (2011) Do schools differ in suicide risk? The influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils. BMC Public Health, 11(874), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-874)

Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., and Der, G. (2010) Can we explain increases in young people’s psychological distress over time? Social Science and Medicine, 71(10), pp. 1819-1830. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.08.012)

West, P., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Kelly, S. (2010) The relative importance of family socioeconomic status and school-based peer hierarchies for morning cortisol in youth: an exporatory study. Social Science and Medicine, 70(8), pp. 1246-1253. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.12.006)

Young, R. (2010) Trauma, attempted suicide, and morning cortisol in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(2), pp. 288-291. (doi:10.1002/jts.20516)

West, P., Sweeting, H., and Young, R. (2010) Transition matters: pupils' experiences of the primary-secondary school transition in the West of Scotland and consequences for well-being and attainment. Research Papers in Education, 25(1), pp. 21-50. (doi:10.1080/02671520802308677)

Young, R., and West, P. (2010) Do 'good values' lead to 'good' health-behaviours? Longitudinal associations between young people's values and later substance-use. BMC Public Health, 10, 165. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-165) (PMID:20346109) (PMCID:PMC2864210)

Sweeting, H., Young, R., and West, P. (2009) GHQ increases among Scottish 15 year olds 1987–2006. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 44(7), pp. 579-586. (doi:10.1007/s00127-008-0462-6)

Kelly, S.J., Young, R., Sweeting, H., Fischer, J.E., and West, P. (2008) Levels and confounders of morning cortisol collected from adolescents in a naturalistic (school) setting. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 33(9), pp. 1257-1268. (doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.06.010)

Sweeting, H., West, P., and Young, R. (2008) Obesity among Scottish 15 year olds 1987–2006: prevalence and associations with socio-economic status, well-being and worries about weight. BMC Public Health, 8(1), p. 404. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-404)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2008) A longitudinal study of alcohol use and antisocial behaviour in young people. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 43(2), pp. 204-214.

West, P., Sweeting, H., and Young, R. (2007) Smoking in Scottish youths: personal income, parental social class and the cost of smoking. Tobacco Control, 16(5), pp. 329-335.

Young, R., Van Beinum, M., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2007) Young people who self-harm. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191(1), pp. 44-49. (doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.106.034330)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2006) Prevalence of deliberate self harm and attempted suicide within contemporary Goth youth subculture: longitudinal cohort study. British Medical Journal, 332, pp. 1058-1061. (doi:10.1136/bmj.38790.495544.7C)

Pearson, M., Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., Gordon, J., and Turner, K. (2006) Adolescent substance use in different social and peer contexts: A social network analysis. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 13(6), pp. 519-536. (doi:10.1080/09687630600828912)

Sweeting, H., Young, R., West, P., and Der, G. (2006) Peer victimization and depression in early-mid adolescence: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76(3), pp. 577-594. (doi:10.1348/000709905X49890)

Turner, K., West, P., Gordon, J., Young, R., and Sweeting, H. (2006) Could the peer group explain school differences in pupil smoking rates? An exploratory study. Social Science and Medicine, 62(10), pp. 2513-2525. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.11.017)

West, P., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Robins, M. (2006) A material paradox: socioeconomic status, young people's disposable income and consumer culture. Journal of Youth Studies, 9(4), pp. 437-462. (doi:10.1080/13676260600805739)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2006) Self harm in Goth youth subculture: authors' reply. BMJ, 332(7553), p. 1335. (doi:10.1136/bmj.332.7553.1335-a)

Young, R., and Sweeting, H. (2004) Adolescent bullying, relationships, psychological well-being, and gender-atypical behavior: a gender diagnosticity approach. Sex Roles, 50(7/8), pp. 525-537. (doi:10.1023/B:SERS.0000023072.53886.86)

Turner, K.M., Gordon, J., and Young, R. (2004) Cigarette access and pupil smoking rates: a circular relationship? Health Promotion International, 19(4), pp. 428-436. (doi:10.1093/heapro/dah404)

Karvonen, S., West, P., Sweeting, H., Rahkonen, O., and Young, R. (2001) Lifestyle, social class and health related behaviours - a cross cultural comparison of 15 year olds in Glasgow and Helsinki. Journal of Youth Studies, 4(4), pp. 393-413. (doi:10.1080/13676260120101879)

Book Sections

Young, R., and McDonald-Smith, L. (2011) Lisbeth Salander and the ‘truth’ about goths. In: Rosenberg, R. and O'Neill, S. (eds.) The Psychology of the Girl With the Dragon Tattoo. Smart Pop: Dallas, TX, USA. ISBN 9781936661343

Research Reports or Papers

Young, R., McCafferty, E., Metcalfe, J., and Van Beinum, M.A. (2011) Evaluating the Glasgow adolescent self-harm service: a seven-year retrospective investigation: final report. Technical Report. Chief Scientist Office, Glasgow, UK.

This list was generated on Fri Aug 26 19:16:12 2016 BST.