Mr Robert Young

  • Honorary Research Fellow (School of Medicine)
  • Honorary Research Fellow (Institute of Health and Wellbeing)
  • Senior Investigator Scientist (MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit)

telephone: 01413537569
email: Robert.Young@glasgow.ac.uk

MRC/CSO SPHSU
University of Glasgow
4 Lilybank Gardens
Glasgow G12 8RZ


Starting as a mature student, Robert graduated with a B.Sc. (Hons) in Psychology from Glasgow Caledonian University in 1996, then continuing with a further year of study to complete a post-graduate in Computer Studies. His first research post was at Charing Cross Medical School and Imperial College London in 1998, where he worked in an outpatient psychiatric clinic conducting research with transsexual patients at the National Gender Identity Clinic.

In 2000 he returned to Glasgow to join the MRC Social & Public Health Sciences Unit, Youth and Health Programme, initially involved in analysis of final wave data from the ‘West of Scotland 11 to 16 study'. Since then, Robert has been involved in the design and data collection of several other studies, notably the continuation of 11 to 16 into the post-school period (16+ study), the ‘Teenage Health in School' (THiS) study and, most recently, the computerised psychiatric component of the ‘Peers and Levels of Stress' (PaLS) study.

He retains an interest in gender related research as applied to youth and psychological health. He has a particular interest in research involving longitudinal methods and using advanced or novel methodology such as sociometry and structural equation modelling. His research focus is on the social patterning of young people's mental health, typically contrasting traditional class vs. newer consumer and cultural influences. Recent and ongoing research has focused on the prevalence of self-harm in young people and its relation to youth subculture, peer group and lifestyle, with a particular interest in ‘Goths'.

Related links

July 2007 issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry podcast on 'Young people who self-harm'
OU on the BBC 'Thinking Allowed - Weapon dogs and 'Neds'
BBC Radio 4 'Can 'Ned' be reclaimed as a title of pride?

List all by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2004 | 2001
Number of items: 35.

2014

Young, Robert, Sproeber, Nina, Groschwitz, Rebecca C., Preiss, Marthe, and Plener, Paul L. (2014) Why alternative teenagers self-harm: exploring the link between non-suicidal self-injury, attempted suicide and adolescent identity. BMC Psychiatry, 14 (137). ISSN 1471-244X (doi:10.1186/1471-244X-14-137)

2013

Young, R., Macdonald, L., and Ellaway, A. (2013) Associations between proximity and density of local alcohol outlets and alcohol use among Scottish adolescents. Health and Place, 19 . pp. 124-130. ISSN 1353-8292 (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.10.004)

2012

Young, Robert (2012) Can neds (or chavs) be non-delinquent, educated or even middle class? Contrasting empirical findings with cultural stereotypes. Sociology, 46 (6). pp. 1140-1160. ISSN 0038-0385 (doi:10.1177/0038038511435059)

Young, R. (2012) Children’s perceptions of parental emotional neglect and psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52 (8). pp. 889-897. ISSN 0021-9630 (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02390.x)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2012) Associations between DSM-IV diagnosis, psychiatric symptoms and morning cortisol levels in a community sample of adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47 (5). pp. 723-733. ISSN 0933-7954 (doi:10.1007/s00127-011-0374-8)

Karvonen, Sakari, Young, Robert, West, Patrick, and Rahkonen, Ossi (2012) Value orientations among late modern youth – a cross-cultural study. Journal of Youth Studies, 15 (1). pp. 33-52. ISSN 1367-6261 (doi:10.1080/13676261.2011.617734)

Markham, W.A., Young, R., Sweeting, H., West, P., and Aveyard, P. (2012) Does school ethos explain the relationship between value-added education and teenage substance use? A cohort study. Social Science and Medicine, 75 (1). pp. 69-76. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.02.045)

2011

Young, R., Lennie, S., and Minnis, H. (2011) Children’s perceptions of parental emotional neglect and control and psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52 (8). pp. 889-897. ISSN 0021-9630 (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02390.x)

McArdle, P., Young, R., Quibell, T., Moseley, D., Johnson, R., and LeCouteur, A. (2011) Early intervention for at risk children: 3-year follow-up. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 20 (3). pp. 111-120. ISSN 1018-8827 (doi:10.1007/s00787-010-0148-y)

Hunt, K., Sweeting, H., Sargent, J., Lewars, H., Young, R., and West, P. (2011) Is there an association between seeing incidents of alcohol or drug use in films and young Scottish adults' own alcohol or drug use? A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 11 (259). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-259)

Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., and Kelly, S. (2011) Dimensions of adolescent subjective social status within the school community: Description and correlates. Journal of Adolescence, 34 (3). pp. 493-504. ISSN 0140-1971 (doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.06.001)

Young, R., McCafferty, E., Metcalfe, J., and Van Beinum, M.A. (2011) Evaluating the Glasgow adolescent self-harm service: a seven-year retrospective investigation: final report. Technical Report. Chief Scientist Office, Glasgow, UK.

Young, R., and McDonald-Smith, L. (2011) Lisbeth Salander and the ‘truth’ about goths. In: Rosenberg, R. and O'Neill, S. (eds.) The Psychology of the Girl With the Dragon Tattoo. Smart Pop, Dallas, TX, USA. ISBN 9781936661343

Young, R., Riordan, V., and Stark, C. (2011) Perinatal and psychosocial circumstances associated with risk of attempted suicide, non-suicidal self-injury and psychiatric service use: a longitudinal study of young people. BMC Public Health, 11 (875). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-875)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and Ellaway, A. (2011) Do schools differ in suicide risk? The influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils. BMC Public Health, 11 (874). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-874)

2010

Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., and Der, G. (2010) Can we explain increases in young people’s psychological distress over time? Social Science and Medicine, 71 (10). pp. 1819-1830. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.08.012)

West, P., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Kelly, S. (2010) The relative importance of family socioeconomic status and school-based peer hierarchies for morning cortisol in youth: an exporatory study. Social Science and Medicine, 70 (8). pp. 1246-1253. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.12.006)

Young, R. (2010) Trauma, attempted suicide, and morning cortisol in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23 (2). pp. 288-291. ISSN 0894-9867 (doi:10.1002/jts.20516)

West, P., Sweeting, H., and Young, R. (2010) Transition matters: pupils' experiences of the primary-secondary school transition in the West of Scotland and consequences for well-being and attainment. Research Papers in Education, 25 (1). pp. 21-50. ISSN 0267-1522 (doi:10.1080/02671520802308677)

Young, R., and West, P. (2010) Do 'good values' lead to 'good' health-behaviours? Longitudinal associations between young people's values and later substance-use. BMC Public Health, 10 (165). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-165)

2009

Sweeting, H., Young, R., and West, P. (2009) GHQ increases among Scottish 15 year olds 1987–2006. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 44 (7). pp. 579-586. ISSN 0933-7954 (doi:10.1007/s00127-008-0462-6)

2008

Kelly, S.J., Young, R., Sweeting, H., Fischer, J.E., and West, P. (2008) Levels and confounders of morning cortisol collected from adolescents in a naturalistic (school) setting. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 33 (9). pp. 1257-1268. ISSN 0306-4530 (doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.06.010)

Sweeting, H., West, P., and Young, R. (2008) Obesity among Scottish 15 year olds 1987–2006: prevalence and associations with socio-economic status, well-being and worries about weight. BMC Public Health, 8 (1). p. 404. ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-404)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2008) A longitudinal study of alcohol use and antisocial behaviour in young people. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 43 (2). pp. 204-214. ISSN 0735-0414

2007

West, P., Sweeting, H., and Young, R. (2007) Smoking in Scottish youths: personal income, parental social class and the cost of smoking. Tobacco Control, 16 (5). pp. 329-335. ISSN 0964-4563

Young, R., Van Beinum, M., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2007) Young people who self-harm. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191 (1). pp. 44-49. ISSN 0007-1250 (doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.106.034330)

2006

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2006) Prevalence of deliberate self harm and attempted suicide within contemporary Goth youth subculture: longitudinal cohort study. British Medical Journal, 332 . pp. 1058-1061. ISSN 0959-535X (doi:10.1136/bmj.38790.495544.7C)

Pearson, M., Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., Gordon, J., and Turner, K. (2006) Adolescent substance use in different social and peer contexts: A social network analysis. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 13 (6). pp. 519-536. ISSN 0968-7637 (doi:10.1080/09687630600828912)

Sweeting, H., Young, R., West, P., and Der, G. (2006) Peer victimization and depression in early-mid adolescence: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76 (3). pp. 577-594. ISSN 0007-0998 (doi:10.1348/000709905X49890)

Turner, K., West, P., Gordon, J., Young, R., and Sweeting, H. (2006) Could the peer group explain school differences in pupil smoking rates? An exploratory study. Social Science and Medicine, 62 (10). pp. 2513-2525. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.11.017)

West, P., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Robins, M. (2006) A material paradox: socioeconomic status, young people's disposable income and consumer culture. Journal of Youth Studies, 9 (4). pp. 437-462. ISSN 1367-6261 (doi:10.1080/13676260600805739)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2006) Self harm in Goth youth subculture: authors' reply. BMJ, 332 (7553). p. 1335. ISSN 0959-8138 (doi:10.1136/bmj.332.7553.1335-a)

2004

Young, R., and Sweeting, H. (2004) Adolescent bullying, relationships, psychological well-being, and gender-atypical behavior: a gender diagnosticity approach. Sex Roles, 50 (7/8). pp. 525-537. ISSN 0360-0025 (doi:10.1023/B:SERS.0000023072.53886.86)

Turner, K.M., Gordon, J., and Young, Robert (2004) Cigarette access and pupil smoking rates: a circular relationship? Health Promotion International, 19 (4). pp. 428-436. ISSN 0957-4824 (doi:10.1093/heapro/dah404)

2001

Karvonen, S., West, P., Sweeting, H., Rahkonen, O., and Young, R. (2001) Lifestyle, social class and health related behaviours - a cross cultural comparison of 15 year olds in Glasgow and Helsinki. Journal of Youth Studies, 4 (4). pp. 393-413. ISSN 1469-9680 (doi:10.1080/13676260120101879)

This list was generated on Thu Jul 24 20:09:53 2014 BST.
Number of items: 35.

Article

Young, Robert, Sproeber, Nina, Groschwitz, Rebecca C., Preiss, Marthe, and Plener, Paul L. (2014) Why alternative teenagers self-harm: exploring the link between non-suicidal self-injury, attempted suicide and adolescent identity. BMC Psychiatry, 14 (137). ISSN 1471-244X (doi:10.1186/1471-244X-14-137)

Young, R., Macdonald, L., and Ellaway, A. (2013) Associations between proximity and density of local alcohol outlets and alcohol use among Scottish adolescents. Health and Place, 19 . pp. 124-130. ISSN 1353-8292 (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.10.004)

Young, Robert (2012) Can neds (or chavs) be non-delinquent, educated or even middle class? Contrasting empirical findings with cultural stereotypes. Sociology, 46 (6). pp. 1140-1160. ISSN 0038-0385 (doi:10.1177/0038038511435059)

Young, R. (2012) Children’s perceptions of parental emotional neglect and psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52 (8). pp. 889-897. ISSN 0021-9630 (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02390.x)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2012) Associations between DSM-IV diagnosis, psychiatric symptoms and morning cortisol levels in a community sample of adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47 (5). pp. 723-733. ISSN 0933-7954 (doi:10.1007/s00127-011-0374-8)

Karvonen, Sakari, Young, Robert, West, Patrick, and Rahkonen, Ossi (2012) Value orientations among late modern youth – a cross-cultural study. Journal of Youth Studies, 15 (1). pp. 33-52. ISSN 1367-6261 (doi:10.1080/13676261.2011.617734)

Markham, W.A., Young, R., Sweeting, H., West, P., and Aveyard, P. (2012) Does school ethos explain the relationship between value-added education and teenage substance use? A cohort study. Social Science and Medicine, 75 (1). pp. 69-76. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.02.045)

Young, R., Lennie, S., and Minnis, H. (2011) Children’s perceptions of parental emotional neglect and control and psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52 (8). pp. 889-897. ISSN 0021-9630 (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02390.x)

McArdle, P., Young, R., Quibell, T., Moseley, D., Johnson, R., and LeCouteur, A. (2011) Early intervention for at risk children: 3-year follow-up. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 20 (3). pp. 111-120. ISSN 1018-8827 (doi:10.1007/s00787-010-0148-y)

Hunt, K., Sweeting, H., Sargent, J., Lewars, H., Young, R., and West, P. (2011) Is there an association between seeing incidents of alcohol or drug use in films and young Scottish adults' own alcohol or drug use? A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 11 (259). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-259)

Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., and Kelly, S. (2011) Dimensions of adolescent subjective social status within the school community: Description and correlates. Journal of Adolescence, 34 (3). pp. 493-504. ISSN 0140-1971 (doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.06.001)

Young, R., Riordan, V., and Stark, C. (2011) Perinatal and psychosocial circumstances associated with risk of attempted suicide, non-suicidal self-injury and psychiatric service use: a longitudinal study of young people. BMC Public Health, 11 (875). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-875)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and Ellaway, A. (2011) Do schools differ in suicide risk? The influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils. BMC Public Health, 11 (874). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-874)

Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., and Der, G. (2010) Can we explain increases in young people’s psychological distress over time? Social Science and Medicine, 71 (10). pp. 1819-1830. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.08.012)

West, P., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Kelly, S. (2010) The relative importance of family socioeconomic status and school-based peer hierarchies for morning cortisol in youth: an exporatory study. Social Science and Medicine, 70 (8). pp. 1246-1253. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.12.006)

Young, R. (2010) Trauma, attempted suicide, and morning cortisol in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23 (2). pp. 288-291. ISSN 0894-9867 (doi:10.1002/jts.20516)

West, P., Sweeting, H., and Young, R. (2010) Transition matters: pupils' experiences of the primary-secondary school transition in the West of Scotland and consequences for well-being and attainment. Research Papers in Education, 25 (1). pp. 21-50. ISSN 0267-1522 (doi:10.1080/02671520802308677)

Young, R., and West, P. (2010) Do 'good values' lead to 'good' health-behaviours? Longitudinal associations between young people's values and later substance-use. BMC Public Health, 10 (165). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-165)

Sweeting, H., Young, R., and West, P. (2009) GHQ increases among Scottish 15 year olds 1987–2006. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 44 (7). pp. 579-586. ISSN 0933-7954 (doi:10.1007/s00127-008-0462-6)

Kelly, S.J., Young, R., Sweeting, H., Fischer, J.E., and West, P. (2008) Levels and confounders of morning cortisol collected from adolescents in a naturalistic (school) setting. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 33 (9). pp. 1257-1268. ISSN 0306-4530 (doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.06.010)

Sweeting, H., West, P., and Young, R. (2008) Obesity among Scottish 15 year olds 1987–2006: prevalence and associations with socio-economic status, well-being and worries about weight. BMC Public Health, 8 (1). p. 404. ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-404)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2008) A longitudinal study of alcohol use and antisocial behaviour in young people. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 43 (2). pp. 204-214. ISSN 0735-0414

West, P., Sweeting, H., and Young, R. (2007) Smoking in Scottish youths: personal income, parental social class and the cost of smoking. Tobacco Control, 16 (5). pp. 329-335. ISSN 0964-4563

Young, R., Van Beinum, M., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2007) Young people who self-harm. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191 (1). pp. 44-49. ISSN 0007-1250 (doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.106.034330)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2006) Prevalence of deliberate self harm and attempted suicide within contemporary Goth youth subculture: longitudinal cohort study. British Medical Journal, 332 . pp. 1058-1061. ISSN 0959-535X (doi:10.1136/bmj.38790.495544.7C)

Pearson, M., Sweeting, H., West, P., Young, R., Gordon, J., and Turner, K. (2006) Adolescent substance use in different social and peer contexts: A social network analysis. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 13 (6). pp. 519-536. ISSN 0968-7637 (doi:10.1080/09687630600828912)

Sweeting, H., Young, R., West, P., and Der, G. (2006) Peer victimization and depression in early-mid adolescence: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76 (3). pp. 577-594. ISSN 0007-0998 (doi:10.1348/000709905X49890)

Turner, K., West, P., Gordon, J., Young, R., and Sweeting, H. (2006) Could the peer group explain school differences in pupil smoking rates? An exploratory study. Social Science and Medicine, 62 (10). pp. 2513-2525. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.11.017)

West, P., Sweeting, H., Young, R., and Robins, M. (2006) A material paradox: socioeconomic status, young people's disposable income and consumer culture. Journal of Youth Studies, 9 (4). pp. 437-462. ISSN 1367-6261 (doi:10.1080/13676260600805739)

Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P. (2006) Self harm in Goth youth subculture: authors' reply. BMJ, 332 (7553). p. 1335. ISSN 0959-8138 (doi:10.1136/bmj.332.7553.1335-a)

Young, R., and Sweeting, H. (2004) Adolescent bullying, relationships, psychological well-being, and gender-atypical behavior: a gender diagnosticity approach. Sex Roles, 50 (7/8). pp. 525-537. ISSN 0360-0025 (doi:10.1023/B:SERS.0000023072.53886.86)

Turner, K.M., Gordon, J., and Young, Robert (2004) Cigarette access and pupil smoking rates: a circular relationship? Health Promotion International, 19 (4). pp. 428-436. ISSN 0957-4824 (doi:10.1093/heapro/dah404)

Karvonen, S., West, P., Sweeting, H., Rahkonen, O., and Young, R. (2001) Lifestyle, social class and health related behaviours - a cross cultural comparison of 15 year olds in Glasgow and Helsinki. Journal of Youth Studies, 4 (4). pp. 393-413. ISSN 1469-9680 (doi:10.1080/13676260120101879)

Book Section

Young, R., and McDonald-Smith, L. (2011) Lisbeth Salander and the ‘truth’ about goths. In: Rosenberg, R. and O'Neill, S. (eds.) The Psychology of the Girl With the Dragon Tattoo. Smart Pop, Dallas, TX, USA. ISBN 9781936661343

Research Report or Paper

Young, R., McCafferty, E., Metcalfe, J., and Van Beinum, M.A. (2011) Evaluating the Glasgow adolescent self-harm service: a seven-year retrospective investigation: final report. Technical Report. Chief Scientist Office, Glasgow, UK.

This list was generated on Thu Jul 24 20:09:53 2014 BST.