Professor Rowland Kao

  • Associate Academic (School of Veterinary Medicine)
  • Professor of Mathematical Population Biology (Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine)

telephone: 0141-330-5770
email: Rowland.Kao@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

Google Scholar - Publications Profile

I am a mathematical biologist who studies infectious disease dynamics, mainly with respect to the role of demography in the spread and persistence of livestock diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease, bovine tuberculosis, scrapie, BSE and avian influenza in poultry. This work includes the development of theoretical models of disease transmission on social networks and applications to the transmission of livestock diseases using simple differential equation models, analysis of social networks, statistics and simulations. I am also interested in the development of real-time parameter estimation techniques during the course of disease outbreaks. This research integrates demographic and spatial/geographic data for all large livestock and poultry in the UK, detailed information regarding the movements of livestock amongst agricultural premises and molecular epidemiology. The bulk of my research funding comes from the Wellcome Trust, Defra and the Scottish Government. I also have an ongoing contract with the National Emergency Epidemiology Group, and in this capacity have provided analyses during a number of important disease outbreaks in GB.

Grants

Grants and Awards listed are those received whilst working with the University of Glasgow.

  • Control of tick borne disease: molecular epidemiology, host resistance and novel vaccine antigens
    Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
    2014 - 2017
     
  • US-UK Collab: Mycobacterial Transmission Dynamics in Agricultural Systems: Integrating Phylogenetics, Epidemiology, Ecology and Economics
    Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
    2014 - 2018
     
  • Joint estimation of epidemiological and genetic processes for Mycobacterium bovis transmission dynamics in cattle and badgers
    Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
    2014 - 2017
     
  • Development of a risk based surveillance system for bovine Tuberculosis in the Channel Islands
    States of Guernsey
    2013 - 2014
     
  • Development of a risk based surveillance system for bovine Tuberculosis in the Channel Islands
    The States of Jersey
    2013 - 2014
     
  • Phylodynamics of Mycobacterium bovis in badgers (ISSF Catalyst)
    Wellcome Trust
    2013 - 2014
     
  • A study to design risk-based surveillance regimes in England and Wales SE3285
    Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
    2012 - 2014
     
  • Defining the biomedical, environmental and social risk factors for human infection with Plasmodium knowlesi
    Medical Research Council
    2012 - 2017
     
  • Centre of Expertise on Reducing the Impact of Animal Disease Outbreaks
    Scottish Government
    2011 - 2013
     
  • Evaluating a live test for Scrapie-Epidemiology, Economics and a National Flock Perspective
    Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
    2010 - 2011
     
  • Understanding how a complex intervention works: designing large-scale vaccination programs
    MRC
    2010 - 2014
     
  • Risk Based Surveillance for Tuberculosis in Cattle (bTB)
    Scottish Government
    2010 - 2011
     
  • Centre for Integrated Virology
    MRC
    2010 - 2015
     
  • Development of Epidemiological Models for the Spread and Control of Bluetongue and African Horse Sickness (DEFRA SE4209)
    DEFRA
    2010 - 2012
     
  • Risk of FMD Spread due to the Sole Occupancy Authorities
    DEFRA - Science Directorate
    2009 - 2009
     
  • Analysing the RBCT data from a National Cattle Industry Perspective
    DEFRA
    2009 - 2011
     
  • Assessing the additional risk of foot and mouth disease transmission from using field lairages at scottish livestock markets
    Moredun Research Institute
    2008 - 2009
     
  • Assessing the additional risk of foot and mouth disease transmission from using field lairages at scottish livestock markets
    Scottish Government
    2008 - 2009
     
  • Evaluating a live test for Scrapie-Epidemiology, Economics and a National Flock Perspective
    DEFRA
    2008 - 2010
     
  • An integrated approach to modelling the persistance, spread and control of livestock diseases in the UK
    Wellcome Trust
    2007 - 2013
     

Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001
Number of items: 45.

2014

Nickbakhsh, S., Matthews, L., Reid, S., and Kao, R.R. (2014) A metapopulation model for highly pathogenic avian influenza: implications for compartmentalization as a control measure. Epidemiology and Infection, 142 (09). pp. 1813-1825. ISSN 0950-2688 (doi:10.1017/S0950268813002963)

O'Hare, A., Orton, R. J., Bessell, P. R., and Kao, R. R. (2014) Estimating epidemiological parameters for bovine tuberculosis in British cattle using a Bayesian partial-likelihood approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 281 (1783). p. 20140248. ISSN 0962-8452 (doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.0248)

Kao, R. R., Haydon, D. T., Lycett, S. J., and Murcia, P. R. (2014) Supersize me: how whole-genome sequencing and big data are transforming epidemiology. Trends in Microbiology, 22 (5). pp. 282-291. ISSN 0966-842X (doi:10.1016/j.tim.2014.02.011)

2013

Godfray, H.C.J., Donnelly, C.A., Kao, R.R., Macdonald, D.W., McDonald, R.A., Petrokofsky, G., Wood, J.L.N., Woodroffe, R., Young, D.B., and McLean, A.R. (2013) A restatement of the natural science evidence base relevant to the control of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1768). Art. 20131634. ISSN 0962-8452 (doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.1634)

Nickbakhsh, S., Matthews, L., Dent, J.E., Innocent, G.T., Arnold, M.E., Reid, S.W.J., and Kao, R.R. (2013) Implications of within-farm transmission for network dynamics: consequences for the spread of avian influenza. Epidemics, 5 (2). pp. 67-76. ISSN 1755-4365 (doi:10.1016/j.epidem.2013.03.001)

Bessell, P.R., Orton, R., O'Hare, A., Mellor, D.J., Logue, D., and Kao, R.R. (2013) Developing a framework for risk-based surveillance of tuberculosis in cattle: a case study of its application in Scotland. Epidemiology and Infection, 141 (02). pp. 314-323. ISSN 0950-2688 (doi:10.1017/S0950268812000635)

Bessell, P., Orton, R., O'Hare, A., Mellor, D., Logue, D., and Kao, R. (2013) Developing a framework for risk-based surveillance of tuberculosis in cattle: a case study of its application in Scotland. Epidemiology and Infection, 141 (2). pp. 314-323. ISSN 0950-2688 (doi:10.1017/S0950268812000635)

Boden, L.A., Parkin, T.D.H., Yates, J., Mellor, D., and Kao, R.R. (2013) An online survey of horse-owners in Great Britain. BMC Veterinary Research, 9 (188). ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-188)

2012

Bessell, P., Orton, R., and Kao, R. (2012) Risk factors for bovine Tuberculosis at the national level in Great Britain. BMC Veterinary Research, 8 (51). ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-51)

Orton, R., Bessell, P., O'Hare, A., and Kao, R. (2012) Risk of foot-and-mouth disease spread due to sole occupancy authorities and linked cattle holdings. PLoS ONE, 7 (4). e35089. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035089)

Kao, R. (2012) Simulating the impact of badger culling on bovine tuberculosis in cattle. Veterinary Record, 170 (7). pp. 175-176. ISSN 0042-4900 (doi:10.1136/vr.e1024)

Biek, R., O'Hare, A., Wright, D., Mallon, T., McCormick, C., Orton, R.J., McDowell, S., Trewby, H., Skuce, R.A., and Kao, R.R. (2012) Whole genome sequencing reveals local transmission patterns of mycobacterium bovis in sympatric cattle and badger populations. PLoS Pathogens, 8 (11). e1003008. ISSN 1553-7366 (doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003008)

Boden, L.A., Parkin, T.D.H., Yates, J., Mellor, D., and Kao, R.R. (2012) Summary of current knowledge of the size and spatial distribution of the horse population within Great Britain. BMC Veterinary Research, 8 (43). ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-43)

O’Connor, C.M., Haydon, D.T., and Kao, R.R. (2012) An ecological and comparative perspective on the control of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 104 (3-4). pp. 185-197. ISSN 0167-5877 (doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.11.010)

2011

Dent, J.E., Kiss, I.Z., Kao, R.R., and Arnold, M. (2011) The potential spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus via dynamic contacts between poultry premises in Great Britain. BMC Veterinary Research, 7 (59). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-7-59)

Green, D.M., Werkman, M., Munro, L.A., Kao, R.R., Kiss, I.Z., and Danon, L. (2011) Tools to study trends in community structure: Application to fish and livestock trading networks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 99 (2-4). pp. 225-228. ISSN 0167-5877 (doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.01.008)

Nickbakhsh, S., Matthews, L., Bessell, P.R., Reid, S.W.J., and Kao, R.R. (2011) Generating social network data using partially described networks: an example informing avian influenza control in the British poultry industry. BMC Veterinary Research, 7 (66). ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-7-66)

2010

Boden, L. A., Houston, F., Fryer, H. R., and Kao, R. R. (2010) Use of a preclinical test in the control of classical scrapie. Journal of General Virology, 91 (10). pp. 2642-2650. ISSN 0022-1317 (doi:10.1099/vir.0.022566-0)

2009

Chessa, B. et al. (2009) Revealing the history of sheep domestication using retrovirus integrations. Science, 324 (5926). pp. 532-536. ISSN 0036-8075 (doi:10.1126/science.1170587 )

Kiss, I.Z., Simon, P.L., and Kao, R.R. (2009) A Contact-Network-Based Formulation of a Preferential Mixing Model. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 71 (4). pp. 888-905. ISSN 0092-8240 (doi:10.1007/s11538-008-9386-2)

2008

Kiss, I.Z., Green, D.M., and Kao, R.R. (2008) The effect of network mixing patterns on epidemic dynamics and the efficacy of disease contact tracing. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 5 (24). pp. 791-799. ISSN 1742-5689 (doi:10.1098/rsif.2007.1272)

Green, D.M., Kiss, I.Z., Mitchell, A.P., and Kao, R.R. (2008) Estimates for local and movement-based transmission of bovine tuberculosis in British cattle. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 275 (1638). pp. 1001-1005. ISSN 0962-8452 (doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.1601)

Dent, J.E., Kao, R.R., Kiss, I.Z., Hyder, K., and Arnold, M. (2008) Contact structures in the poultry industry in Great Britain: Exploring transmission routes for a potential avian influenza virus epidemic. BMC Veterinary Research, 4 . p. 27. ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-4-27)

2007

Green, D.M., del Rio Vilas, V.J., Birch, C.P.D., Johnson, J., Kiss, I.Z., McCarthy, N.D., and Kao, R.R. (2007) Demographic risk factors for classical and atypical scrapie in Great Britain. Journal of General Virology, 88 (12). pp. 3486-3492. ISSN 0022-1317 (doi:10.1099/vir.0.83225-0)

Kao, R. (2007) Mycobacterium bovis shedding patterns from experimentally infected calves and the effect of concurrent infection with bovine viral diarrhoea virus. Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, 4 (14). pp. 545-551.

Kao, R. (2007) Data quality of the Cattle Tracing System in Great Britain. Veterinary Record, 161 (13). pp. 439-443. ISSN 0042-4900 (doi:10.1136/vr.161.13.439)

Kao, R., Green, D., Johnson, J., and Kiss, I. (2007) Disease dynamics over very different time-scales: foot-and-mouth disease and scrapie on the network of livestock movements in the UK. Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, 4 . pp. 907-916. (doi:10.1098/rsif.2007.1129)

2006

Kao, R. (2006) Demographic structure and pathogen dynamics on the network of livestock movements in Great Britain. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 273 (1597). pp. 1999-2007.

Kao, R. (2006) Evolution of pathogens towards low R0 in heterogeneous populations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 242 (3). pp. 634-642.

Kao, R. (2006) Infectious disease control using contact tracing in random and scale-free networks. Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, 3 (6). pp. 55-62.

Kao, R. (2006) Modelling the initial spread of foot-and-mouth disease through animal movements. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 273 (1602). pp. 2729-2735.

Kao, R. (2006) Parameterization of individual-based models: comparisons with deterministic mean-field models. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 239 (3). pp. 289-297.

Kao, R. (2006) Parasite strain coexistence in a heterogeneous host population. Oikos, 115 (3). pp. 495-503. ISSN 0030-1299

Kao, R. (2006) The effect of contact heterogeneity and multiple routes of transmission on final epidemic size. Mathematical Biosciences, 203 (1). pp. 124-136.

Kao, R. (2006) The network of sheep movements within Great Britain: Network properties and their implications for infectious disease spread. Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, 3 (10). pp. 669-677.

2005

Kao, R. (2005) Disease contact tracing in random and clustered networks. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 272 (1570). pp. 1407-1414.

2004

Haydon, D., Kao, R., and Kitching, R. (2004) The UK foot-and-mouth disease outbreak - the aftermath. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2 . 675-U8. (doi:10.1038/nrmicro960)

2003

Kao, R. (2003) Searching for BSE in sheep: interpreting the results so far. Veterinary Record, 152 (10). pp. 298-299. ISSN 0042-4900 (doi:10.1136/vr.152.10.298)

Kao, R. (2003) The impact of local heterogeneity on alternative control strategies for foot-and-mouth disease. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 270 (1533). pp. 2557-2564.

Kao, R., Houston , F., Baylis , M., Chihota , C.M., Goldmann , W., Gravenor , M.B., Hunter , N., and McLean , A.R. (2003) Epidemiological implications of the susceptibility to BSE of putatively resistant sheep. Journal of General Virology, 84 (Pt 12). pp. 3503-3512. ISSN 0022-1317

2002

Kao, R. (2002) BSE - a wolf in sheep's clothing? Trends in Microbiology, 10 (12). pp. 563-570.

Kao, R. (2002) The potential size and duration of an epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in British sheep. Science, 295 (5553). pp. 332-335.

Kao, R. (2002) The role of mathematical modelling in the control of the 2001 FMD epidemic in the UK. Trends in Microbiology, 10 (6). pp. 279-286.

2001

Kao, R. (2001) Landscape fragmentation and foot-and-mouth disease transmission. Veterinary Record, 148 (24). pp. 746-747. ISSN 0042-4900 (doi:10.1136/vr.148.24.746)

Kao, R. (2001) Modelling the national scrapie eradication programme in the UK. Mathematical Biosciences, 174 (2). pp. 61-76.

This list was generated on Fri Oct 24 09:08:21 2014 BST.
Jump to: Article
Number of items: 45.

Article

Nickbakhsh, S., Matthews, L., Reid, S., and Kao, R.R. (2014) A metapopulation model for highly pathogenic avian influenza: implications for compartmentalization as a control measure. Epidemiology and Infection, 142 (09). pp. 1813-1825. ISSN 0950-2688 (doi:10.1017/S0950268813002963)

O'Hare, A., Orton, R. J., Bessell, P. R., and Kao, R. R. (2014) Estimating epidemiological parameters for bovine tuberculosis in British cattle using a Bayesian partial-likelihood approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 281 (1783). p. 20140248. ISSN 0962-8452 (doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.0248)

Kao, R. R., Haydon, D. T., Lycett, S. J., and Murcia, P. R. (2014) Supersize me: how whole-genome sequencing and big data are transforming epidemiology. Trends in Microbiology, 22 (5). pp. 282-291. ISSN 0966-842X (doi:10.1016/j.tim.2014.02.011)

Godfray, H.C.J., Donnelly, C.A., Kao, R.R., Macdonald, D.W., McDonald, R.A., Petrokofsky, G., Wood, J.L.N., Woodroffe, R., Young, D.B., and McLean, A.R. (2013) A restatement of the natural science evidence base relevant to the control of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 280 (1768). Art. 20131634. ISSN 0962-8452 (doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.1634)

Nickbakhsh, S., Matthews, L., Dent, J.E., Innocent, G.T., Arnold, M.E., Reid, S.W.J., and Kao, R.R. (2013) Implications of within-farm transmission for network dynamics: consequences for the spread of avian influenza. Epidemics, 5 (2). pp. 67-76. ISSN 1755-4365 (doi:10.1016/j.epidem.2013.03.001)

Bessell, P.R., Orton, R., O'Hare, A., Mellor, D.J., Logue, D., and Kao, R.R. (2013) Developing a framework for risk-based surveillance of tuberculosis in cattle: a case study of its application in Scotland. Epidemiology and Infection, 141 (02). pp. 314-323. ISSN 0950-2688 (doi:10.1017/S0950268812000635)

Bessell, P., Orton, R., O'Hare, A., Mellor, D., Logue, D., and Kao, R. (2013) Developing a framework for risk-based surveillance of tuberculosis in cattle: a case study of its application in Scotland. Epidemiology and Infection, 141 (2). pp. 314-323. ISSN 0950-2688 (doi:10.1017/S0950268812000635)

Boden, L.A., Parkin, T.D.H., Yates, J., Mellor, D., and Kao, R.R. (2013) An online survey of horse-owners in Great Britain. BMC Veterinary Research, 9 (188). ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-188)

Bessell, P., Orton, R., and Kao, R. (2012) Risk factors for bovine Tuberculosis at the national level in Great Britain. BMC Veterinary Research, 8 (51). ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-51)

Orton, R., Bessell, P., O'Hare, A., and Kao, R. (2012) Risk of foot-and-mouth disease spread due to sole occupancy authorities and linked cattle holdings. PLoS ONE, 7 (4). e35089. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035089)

Kao, R. (2012) Simulating the impact of badger culling on bovine tuberculosis in cattle. Veterinary Record, 170 (7). pp. 175-176. ISSN 0042-4900 (doi:10.1136/vr.e1024)

Biek, R., O'Hare, A., Wright, D., Mallon, T., McCormick, C., Orton, R.J., McDowell, S., Trewby, H., Skuce, R.A., and Kao, R.R. (2012) Whole genome sequencing reveals local transmission patterns of mycobacterium bovis in sympatric cattle and badger populations. PLoS Pathogens, 8 (11). e1003008. ISSN 1553-7366 (doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003008)

Boden, L.A., Parkin, T.D.H., Yates, J., Mellor, D., and Kao, R.R. (2012) Summary of current knowledge of the size and spatial distribution of the horse population within Great Britain. BMC Veterinary Research, 8 (43). ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-43)

O’Connor, C.M., Haydon, D.T., and Kao, R.R. (2012) An ecological and comparative perspective on the control of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 104 (3-4). pp. 185-197. ISSN 0167-5877 (doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.11.010)

Dent, J.E., Kiss, I.Z., Kao, R.R., and Arnold, M. (2011) The potential spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus via dynamic contacts between poultry premises in Great Britain. BMC Veterinary Research, 7 (59). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-7-59)

Green, D.M., Werkman, M., Munro, L.A., Kao, R.R., Kiss, I.Z., and Danon, L. (2011) Tools to study trends in community structure: Application to fish and livestock trading networks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 99 (2-4). pp. 225-228. ISSN 0167-5877 (doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.01.008)

Nickbakhsh, S., Matthews, L., Bessell, P.R., Reid, S.W.J., and Kao, R.R. (2011) Generating social network data using partially described networks: an example informing avian influenza control in the British poultry industry. BMC Veterinary Research, 7 (66). ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-7-66)

Boden, L. A., Houston, F., Fryer, H. R., and Kao, R. R. (2010) Use of a preclinical test in the control of classical scrapie. Journal of General Virology, 91 (10). pp. 2642-2650. ISSN 0022-1317 (doi:10.1099/vir.0.022566-0)

Chessa, B. et al. (2009) Revealing the history of sheep domestication using retrovirus integrations. Science, 324 (5926). pp. 532-536. ISSN 0036-8075 (doi:10.1126/science.1170587 )

Kiss, I.Z., Simon, P.L., and Kao, R.R. (2009) A Contact-Network-Based Formulation of a Preferential Mixing Model. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 71 (4). pp. 888-905. ISSN 0092-8240 (doi:10.1007/s11538-008-9386-2)

Kiss, I.Z., Green, D.M., and Kao, R.R. (2008) The effect of network mixing patterns on epidemic dynamics and the efficacy of disease contact tracing. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 5 (24). pp. 791-799. ISSN 1742-5689 (doi:10.1098/rsif.2007.1272)

Green, D.M., Kiss, I.Z., Mitchell, A.P., and Kao, R.R. (2008) Estimates for local and movement-based transmission of bovine tuberculosis in British cattle. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 275 (1638). pp. 1001-1005. ISSN 0962-8452 (doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.1601)

Dent, J.E., Kao, R.R., Kiss, I.Z., Hyder, K., and Arnold, M. (2008) Contact structures in the poultry industry in Great Britain: Exploring transmission routes for a potential avian influenza virus epidemic. BMC Veterinary Research, 4 . p. 27. ISSN 1746-6148 (doi:10.1186/1746-6148-4-27)

Green, D.M., del Rio Vilas, V.J., Birch, C.P.D., Johnson, J., Kiss, I.Z., McCarthy, N.D., and Kao, R.R. (2007) Demographic risk factors for classical and atypical scrapie in Great Britain. Journal of General Virology, 88 (12). pp. 3486-3492. ISSN 0022-1317 (doi:10.1099/vir.0.83225-0)

Kao, R. (2007) Mycobacterium bovis shedding patterns from experimentally infected calves and the effect of concurrent infection with bovine viral diarrhoea virus. Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, 4 (14). pp. 545-551.

Kao, R. (2007) Data quality of the Cattle Tracing System in Great Britain. Veterinary Record, 161 (13). pp. 439-443. ISSN 0042-4900 (doi:10.1136/vr.161.13.439)

Kao, R., Green, D., Johnson, J., and Kiss, I. (2007) Disease dynamics over very different time-scales: foot-and-mouth disease and scrapie on the network of livestock movements in the UK. Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, 4 . pp. 907-916. (doi:10.1098/rsif.2007.1129)

Kao, R. (2006) Demographic structure and pathogen dynamics on the network of livestock movements in Great Britain. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 273 (1597). pp. 1999-2007.

Kao, R. (2006) Evolution of pathogens towards low R0 in heterogeneous populations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 242 (3). pp. 634-642.

Kao, R. (2006) Infectious disease control using contact tracing in random and scale-free networks. Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, 3 (6). pp. 55-62.

Kao, R. (2006) Modelling the initial spread of foot-and-mouth disease through animal movements. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 273 (1602). pp. 2729-2735.

Kao, R. (2006) Parameterization of individual-based models: comparisons with deterministic mean-field models. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 239 (3). pp. 289-297.

Kao, R. (2006) Parasite strain coexistence in a heterogeneous host population. Oikos, 115 (3). pp. 495-503. ISSN 0030-1299

Kao, R. (2006) The effect of contact heterogeneity and multiple routes of transmission on final epidemic size. Mathematical Biosciences, 203 (1). pp. 124-136.

Kao, R. (2006) The network of sheep movements within Great Britain: Network properties and their implications for infectious disease spread. Journal of the Royal Society: Interface, 3 (10). pp. 669-677.

Kao, R. (2005) Disease contact tracing in random and clustered networks. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 272 (1570). pp. 1407-1414.

Haydon, D., Kao, R., and Kitching, R. (2004) The UK foot-and-mouth disease outbreak - the aftermath. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2 . 675-U8. (doi:10.1038/nrmicro960)

Kao, R. (2003) Searching for BSE in sheep: interpreting the results so far. Veterinary Record, 152 (10). pp. 298-299. ISSN 0042-4900 (doi:10.1136/vr.152.10.298)

Kao, R. (2003) The impact of local heterogeneity on alternative control strategies for foot-and-mouth disease. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 270 (1533). pp. 2557-2564.

Kao, R., Houston , F., Baylis , M., Chihota , C.M., Goldmann , W., Gravenor , M.B., Hunter , N., and McLean , A.R. (2003) Epidemiological implications of the susceptibility to BSE of putatively resistant sheep. Journal of General Virology, 84 (Pt 12). pp. 3503-3512. ISSN 0022-1317

Kao, R. (2002) BSE - a wolf in sheep's clothing? Trends in Microbiology, 10 (12). pp. 563-570.

Kao, R. (2002) The potential size and duration of an epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in British sheep. Science, 295 (5553). pp. 332-335.

Kao, R. (2002) The role of mathematical modelling in the control of the 2001 FMD epidemic in the UK. Trends in Microbiology, 10 (6). pp. 279-286.

Kao, R. (2001) Landscape fragmentation and foot-and-mouth disease transmission. Veterinary Record, 148 (24). pp. 746-747. ISSN 0042-4900 (doi:10.1136/vr.148.24.746)

Kao, R. (2001) Modelling the national scrapie eradication programme in the UK. Mathematical Biosciences, 174 (2). pp. 61-76.

This list was generated on Fri Oct 24 09:08:21 2014 BST.