Professor Pat Monaghan - Research Interests
Professor of Animal Ecology
Room 426, Graham Kerr Building
Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health & Comparative Medicine
University of Glasgow
Tel.: 0141 330 6640
Fax: 0141 330 5971
Life-history strategies and effects of early conditions on phenotypic development and on deterioration in later life; long and short term resource allocation trade-offs; mainly birds, with related work on other taxa, including fish and amphibia.
My current main research focus is broadly in behavioural and evolutionary ecology. The emphasis is on the responses of individuals to changing environmental conditions and the proximate factors influencing these responses. At present, I am particularly interested in growth, reproductive performance and senescence, and associated life history trade-offs. I have a number of projects examining the long term consequences of conditions in early life. My research group works on wild and captive populations of birds since these offer excellent opportunities for testing a number of theoretical predictions in this area. We also work on other taxonomic groups. Recent work has focused resource allocation and developmental trade-offs, and the mechanisms that underpin organismal level consequences over various timescales.
These above projects are multidisciplinary, and involve collaborations with molecular biologists, endocrinologists and physiologists, and we study mechanisms such as hormonal factors, telomere loss and oxidative damage.
Our work involves a combination of experimental and correlative studies is the field and in the laboratory, and I collaborate with other ecologists involved in long term individual-based studies in the field. This includes a long term study of the red-billed Chough on the inner Hebridean island of Islay , from both fundamental and conservation related perspectives (with colleagues from the Scottish Chough Study Group and the University of Aberdeen), and the European Shag (with colleagues from the NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology in Edinburgh). These collaborations enable us to both tease apart causal factors and to examine the relevance to wild populations. I have a long term interest in seabird population dynamics, and have PhD students working in this area jointly with the RSPB and with colleges at the NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Our work is currently funded mainly by a European Research Council Advanced Investigator Award for investigations of the effect of environmental circumstances on telomere dynamics, using the zebra finch, and by grants from UK research funders including: BBSRC (with Melissa Bateson and Daniel Nettle, Newcastle University examining the effect of early life diversity on phenotypic development in starlings), NERC (with Neil Metcalfe, Glasgow University, examining growth, telomere dynamics and longevity in sticklebacks), and the Leverhulme Trust (with Francis Daunt, CEH, examining the effect of environmental stress on telomere dynamics and longevity in the European Shag). We are also working on stress and telomere dynamics in meerkats and Damaraland molerats (part of an ERC grant to Tim Clutton-Brock, Cambridge University). My group is also funded through studentships for PhD students and fellowships for postdoctoral researchers.
With respect to our work on telomere dynamics, I am particularly interested in forging more links with researchers in other disciplinary areas. To this end, I have recently obtained a Leverhulme International Network Grant (with Dr Dan Nussey, University of Edinburgh, Dr Mark Haussmann, Bucknell University, Prof Abraham Aviv, New Jersey Medical School and Professor Woody Wright, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Centre). This will enable us to organise a series of multidisciplinary workshops for telomere researchers over the next three years.
Current Group Members
Post Doctoral Researchers
- Dr Winnie Bonner (ERC) The ecological significance of telomere dynamics: environments, individuals and inheritance
- Dr Valeria Marasco (ERC) The ecological significance of telomere dynamics: environments, individuals and inheritance
- Dr Jose Noguera (Marie Curie Fellowship) The influence of dietary antioxidants on telomere dynamics and life history plasticity in birds
- Dr Bart Adriaenssens (NERC) Why is fast growth costly, and what are the consequences for offspring viability?
- Kate Griffiths (ERC)
- Robert Gillespie (BBSRC) Early life adversity, telomere length and adult cognition: the starling as an experimental model. (ERC) The ecological significance of telomere dynamics: environments, individuals and inheritance
- Hannah Watson (BBSRC, jointly supervised by Dr Mark Bolton, RSPB) Effects of human disturbance on physiology, behaviour and fitness in European Storm PetrelsBethany Nelson (NERC, jointly supervised with CEH colleagues Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless & Alastair Dawson) Early warnings of climate change: hormonally mediated effects in seabirds
- Gail Robertson (NERC, jointly supervised by Dr Mark Bolton, RSPB) Comparative studies of foraging and breeding behaviour in seabirds on Coquet Island
- Daryl McLennan (NERC, jointly supervised by Neil Metcalfe & W. Boner Glasgow and J.D. Armstrong (Marine Scotland Pitlochry Laboratory). Do environmental conditions influence the viability of wild salmon through effects on oxidative and telomere dynamics?
In addition to external collaborations, I also collaborate with researchers in the Institute, particularly Neil Metcalfe and Colin Selman.