Dr Kathryn Elmer

  • Lecturer (Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine)
  • Associate - Life Sciences (School of Life Sciences)

telephone: 6617
email: Kathryn.Elmer@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

Background

Research Interests - further information

For a full list of publications, see: 
Kathryn Elmer at Google Scholar or
ResearcherID D-7734-2013


For lab news, papers and team, see: 
http://elmerlab.blogspot.co.uk/

I am a member of Scottish Crucible and the Alexander von Humboldt Network

For lab news, papers and team, see: Elmerlab

Research Interests

My primary motivation is to understand the role of natural selection and the environment in the diversification of species. By focusing on replicate geographical contexts and benefiting from our burgeoning ability to "genomicize" ecological model systems, I endeavour to address long-standing questions about evolution in new ways. My research program is built upon two major hierarchies of questions:

  1. How does natural selection act on the genomic and phenotypic variability of populations to promote speciation? How and when can we discern selective from non-selective factors in evolution?
  2. What is the role of intrinsic properties of taxa (e.g. genetic variation, genome architecture) in the potential for adaptation and speciation?

To answer these questions I pursue an integrated genetic, genomic, and ecological approach in a comparative framework. In particular, I focus on parallel adaptive radiations, especially of "ichs and herps". Such closely related taxa in a radiation represent phylogenetically-controlled "speciation in action", from the initial stages of population divergence through to behavioural and genetic isolation. We apply a range of genomic tools, especially population genomics using next-generation sequence data, ecological transcriptomics, and whole genome structural comparisons.

 

Current Projects

This represents a selection of my research interests and projects, many conducted in collaboration with undergraduate, Masters and PhD students. Please contact me if you wish further information or, for students, wish to discuss ideas for tailoring your own project within our team.
 
Ecological genomics of adaptive polymorphisms
A great challenge of evolutionary biology is that many processes occur on long timescales and are difficult to study or replicate. Therefore, I am especially fascinated by parallel evolution, or the repeated evolution of phenotypically similar species in spatially isolated but similar environments. In those cases we can use these ‘natural experiments’ to dissect the ecological, phenotypic, and genetic mechanisms and responses in diversification (see e.g. Elmer & Meyer (2011) Adaptation in the age of ecological genomics: insights from parallelism and convergence. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 26, 298–306). Of particular interest are ecologically relevant trophic phenotypes and colour variants. We are pursuing this research with two models: primarily adaptive radiations of northern freshwater salmonids such as Arctic charr and European whitefish (e.g. Elmer, K. R., 2016. Genomic tools for new insights to variation, adaptation, and evolution in the salmonid fishes: a perspective for charr. Hydrobiologia) and also evolutionary radiations of salamanders. Work in collaboration with researchers at the University of Konstanz focuses on trophic and colour variants in parallel radiations of crater lake cichlid fishes (e.g. Kusche et al. 2015 Sympatric ecological divergence associated with a color polymorphism, BMC Biology; Elmer et al. 2014 Parallel evolution of Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fishes by non-parallel routes. Nature Communications).

Funding (partial list): Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (FP7) including studentship (prev H. Recknagel, currently A. Jacobs); Catalyst Fund, Wellcome Trust Institutional Strategic Support (Univ. Glasgow); Pilot Funding, Wellcome Trust Institutional Strategic Support (Univ. Glasgow); BBSRC-DTP studentship to M. Carruthers (with C. Adams); NERC Studentship to J. Burgon (with B. Mable).

 

‌The genetics of major evolutionary transitions
Life history variations provide key insights to species ecology and evolution across changing landscapes. We are studying the evolutionary history, comparative genomics, and ecological genomics of live-bearing vs egg-laying in squamate lizards. We are combining field research, experimental approaches on captive populations, and genomics of landscape patterns and deep evolutionary variations.

Funding (partial list): Lord Kelvin Adam Smith studentship to H. Recknagel (Univ. Glasgow, with N. Kamenos in Geography); NERC Standard Grant (RCUK).

 
Speciation in megadiverse groups
Species rich groups provide a good system to test demography and environment in speciation because there are numerous lineages to assess as replicates. For example, the forests on the slopes of the Andes mountains are a famous but poorly understood ‘biodiversity hotspot’. I have inferred evolutionary histories of morphological stasis despite deep genetic divergence (cryptic species) in species complexes of frogs and salamanders. We found that species branching was much older than expected and may have been promoted by ancient landscape changes (e.g. Elmer KR, Dávila JA, Lougheed SC (2007) Cryptic diversity and deep divergence in an upper Amazonian frog, Eleutherodactylus ockendeni. BMC Evolutionary Biology; Elmer, K. R., R. M. Bonett, D. B. Wake, and S. C. Lougheed. 2013. Early Miocene origin and cryptic diversification of South American salamanders. BMC Evolutionary Biology).

Grants

Grants and Awards listed are those received whilst working with the University of Glasgow.

  • From egg-laying to live-bearing: Unravelling the genetics of a major evolutionary transition
    Natural Environment Research Council
    2016 - 2019
     
  • Environmental and genomic drivers of diversity in Scottish fishes of high natural heritage value
    The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland
    2015 - 2016
     
  • Genome-wide phylogenetic analysis of a diverse Palaearctic salamander lineage, Salamandra spp.
    The Linnean Society of London
    2015 - 2016
     
  • Imaging chromatophore ultrastructure in a colour polymorphic lineage of European Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra)
    Glasgow Natural History Society
    2014 - 2015
     
  • Colouration biodiversity within and across environments: an example from the adaptive radiation of fire salamanders
    Royal Society
    2014 - 2014
     
  • The role of gene expression in phenotypic plasticity and adaptive divergence (ISSF Catalyst)
    Wellcome Trust
    2013 - 2015
     
  • GEN ECOL ADAPT: Adaptation genomics of trophic polymorphism
    European Commission
    2013 - 2016
     

Teaching

"Ecological Speciation". This is a recommended option for BSc Honours in Marine & Freshwater Biology, MSci in Marine & Freshwater Biology; BSc Honours in Zoology, MSci in Zoology.

Contributing lectures to undergraduate "Evolutionary Biology" and "Animal Diversity"

Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2004 | 2000
Number of items: 35.

2016

Elmer, K. R. (2016) Genomic tools for new insights to variation, adaptation, and evolution: a perspective for charr. Hydrobiologia, (doi:10.1007/s10750-015-2614-5) (Early Online Publication)

2015

Recknagel, H., Jacobs, A., Herzyk, P., and Elmer, K. R. (2015) Double-digest RAD sequencing using Ion Proton semiconductor platform (ddRADseq-ion) with nonmodel organisms. Molecular Ecology Resources, 15(6), pp. 1316-1329. (doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12406) (PMID:25808755)

Kusche, H., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2015) Sympatric ecological divergence associated with a color polymorphism. BMC Biology, 13(1), 82. (doi:10.1186/s12915-015-0192-7) (PMID:26437665) (PMCID:PMC4594650)

Recknagel, H., Amos, A., and Elmer, K. R. (2015) Morphological and ecological variation among populations and subspecies of Burbot (Lota lota [L, 1758]) from the Mackenzie River Delta, Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 128(4), pp. 377-384.

Torres-Dowdall, J., Henning, F., Elmer, K.R., and Meyer, A. (2015) Ecological and lineage-specific factors drive the molecular evolution of rhodopsin in cichlid fishes. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32(11), pp. 2876-2882. (doi:10.1093/molbev/msv159) (PMID:26187436)

2014

Recknagel, H., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2014) Crater lake habitat predicts morphological diversity in adaptive radiations of cichild fishes. Evolution, 68(7), pp. 2145-2155. (doi:10.1111/evo.12412)

Franchini, P., Fruciano, C., Spreitzer, M. L., Jones, J. C., Elmer, K. R., Henning, F., and Meyer, A. (2014) Genomic architecture of ecologically divergent body shape in a pair of sympatric crater lake cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology, 23(7), pp. 1828-1845. (doi:10.1111/mec.12590)

Kusche, H., Recknagel, H., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2014) Crater lake cichlids individually specialize along the benthic-limnetic axis. Ecology and Evolution, 4(7), pp. 1127-1139. (doi:10.1002/ece3.1015)

Elmer, K. R., Fan, S., Kusche, H., Luise Spreitzer, M., Kautt, A. F., Franchini, P., and Meyer, A. (2014) Parallel evolution of Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fishes via non-parallel routes. Nature Communications, 5(5168), (doi:10.1038/ncomms6168)

2013

Recknagel, H., Elmer, K.R., Noonan, B.P., Raselimanana, A.P., Meyer, A., and Vences, M. (2013) Multi-gene phylogeny of Madagascar’s plated lizards, Zonosaurus and Tracheloptychus (Squamata: Gerrhosauridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 69(3), pp. 1215-1221. (doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.013)

Recknagel, H., Kusche, H., Elmer, K.R., and Meyer, A. (2013) Two new endemic species in the Midas cichlid species complex from Nicaraguan crater lakes: Amphilophus tolteca and Amphilophus viridis (Perciformes, Cichlidae). Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 19(4), pp. 207-224.

Manousaki, T., Hull, P. M., Kusche, H., Machado-Schiaffino, G., Franchini, P., Harrod, C., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2013) Parsing parallel evolution: ecological divergence and differential gene expression in the adaptive radiations of thick-lipped Midas cichlid fishes from Nicaragua. Molecular Ecology, 22(3), pp. 650-669. (doi:10.1111/mec.12034)

Elmer, K. R., Lehtonen, T. K., Fan, S., and Meyer, A. (2013) Crater lake Colonization by Neotropical Cichlid Fishes. Evolution, 67(1), pp. 281-288. (doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01755.x)

Elmer, K. R., Bonett, R. M., Wake, D. B., and Lougheed, S. C. (2013) Early miocene origin and cryptic diversification of South American salamanders. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13(59), (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-59)

Recknagel, H., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2013) A hybrid genetic linkage map of two ecologically and morphologically divergent Midas Cichlid fishes (Amphilophus spp.) obtained by massively parallel DNA sequencing (ddRADSeq). G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, 3(1), pp. 65-74. (doi:10.1534/g3.112.003897)

2012

Kautt, A. F., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2012) Genomic signatures of divergent selection and speciation patterns in a ‘natural experiment’, the young parallel radiations of Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology, 21(19), pp. 4770-4786. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05738.x)

Elmer, K. R., Recknagel, H., Thompson, A., and Meyer, A. (2012) Asymmetric admixture and morphological variability at a suture zone: parapatric burbot subspecies (Pisces) in the Mackenzie River basin, Canada. Hydrobiologia, 683(1), pp. 217-229. (doi:10.1007/s10750-011-0959-y)

Fan, S., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2012) Genomics of adaptation and speciation in cichlid fishes: recent advances and analyses in African and Neotropical lineages. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367(1587), pp. 385-394. (doi:10.1098/rstb.2011.0247)

2011

Fan, S., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2011) Positive Darwinian selection drives the evolution of the morphology-related gene, EPCAM, in particularly species-rich lineages of African Cichlid fishes. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 73(1-2), pp. 1-9. (doi:10.1007/s00239-011-9452-5)

Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2011) Adaptation in the age of ecological genomics: insights from parallelism and convergence. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 26(6), pp. 298-306. (doi:10.1016/j.tree.2011.02.008)

Angienda, P. O., Lee, H. J., Elmer, K. R., Abila, R., Waindi, E. N., and Meyer, A. (2011) Genetic structure and gene flow in an endangered native tilapia fish (Oreochromis esculentus) compared to invasive Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Yala swamp, East Africa. Conservation Genetics, 12(1), pp. 243-255. (doi:10.1007/s10592-010-0136-2)

2010

Elmer, K.R., Kusche, H., Lehtonen, T.K., and Meyer, A. (2010) Local variation and parallel evolution: morphological and genetic diversity across a species complex of neotropical crater lake cichlid fishes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365(1547), pp. 1763-1782. (doi:10.1098/rstb.2009.0271)

Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2010) Sympatric speciation without borders? Molecular Ecology, 19(10), pp. 1991-1993. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04612.x)

Elmer, K.R., Fan, S., Gunter, H.M., Jones, J.C., Boekhoff, S., Kuraku, S., and Meyer, A. (2010) Rapid evolution and selection inferred from the transcriptomes of sympatric crater lake cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology, 19(Sup s1), pp. 197-211. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04488.x)

Elmer, K.R., Lehtonen, T.K., Kautt, A.F., Harrod, C., and Meyer, A. (2010) Rapid sympatric ecological differentiation of crater lake cichlid fishes within historic times. BMC Biology, 8(1), p. 60. (doi:10.1186/1741-7007-8-60)

2009

Elmer, K. R., Lehtonen, T. K., and Meyer, A. (2009) Color assortative mating contributes to sympatric divergence of neotropical cichlid fish. Evolution, 63(10), pp. 2750-2757. (doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00736.x)

Elmer, K.R., Reggio, C., Wirth, T., Verheyen, E., Salzburger, W., and Meyer, A. (2009) Pleistocene desiccation in East Africa bottlenecked but did not extirpate the adaptive radiation of Lake Victoria haplochromine cichlid fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(32), pp. 13404-13409. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0902299106)

Elmer, K.R., Thompson, L.R., and Meyer, A. (2009) Similar levels of diversity and population Structure in superflock and non-superflock cichlid fishes from Lake Victoria, Africa. Tropical Freshwater Biology, 18(2), (doi:10.4314/tfb.v18i2.63288)

2008

Elmer, K. R., and Cannatella, D. C. (2008) Three new species of leaflitter frogs from the upper Amazon forests: cryptic diversity within Pristimantis “ockendeni” (Anura: Strabomantidae) in Ecuador. Zootaxa, 1784, pp. 11-38.

Elmer, K. R., Van Houdt, J. K.J., Meyer, A., and Volckaert, F. A.M. (2008) Population genetic structure of North American burbot (Lota lota maculosa) across the Nearctic and at its contact zone with Eurasian burbot (Lota lota lota). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 65(11), pp. 2412-2426. (doi:10.1139/F08-173)

2007

Elmer, K.R., Dávila, J.A., and Lougheed, S.C. (2007) Applying new inter-individual approaches to assess fine-scale population genetic diversity in a neotropical frog, Eleutherodactylus ockendeni. Heredity, 99(5), pp. 506-515. (doi:10.1038/sj.hdy.6801025)

Elmer, K. R., Dávila, J. A., and Lougheed, S. C. (2007) Cryptic diversity and deep divergence in an upper Amazonian leaflitter frog, Eleutherodactylus ockendeni. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7(247), (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-247)

2006

Elmer, K. R., Davilia, J. A., and Lougheed, S. C. (2006) Isolation of simple and compound polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellites for the neotropical leaflitter frog Eleutherodactylus ockendeni (Leptodactylidae). Molecular Ecology Notes, 6(3), pp. 891-893. (doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2006.01389.x)

2004

Elmer, K. (2004) Geographic Distribution. Eleutherodactylus librarius. Herpetological Review, 35(1), p. 77.

2000

Elmer, K. (2000) Education and Earth. Queen's Quarterly, 107(65),

This list was generated on Fri May 27 17:14:50 2016 BST.
Jump to: Articles
Number of items: 35.

Articles

Elmer, K. R. (2016) Genomic tools for new insights to variation, adaptation, and evolution: a perspective for charr. Hydrobiologia, (doi:10.1007/s10750-015-2614-5) (Early Online Publication)

Recknagel, H., Jacobs, A., Herzyk, P., and Elmer, K. R. (2015) Double-digest RAD sequencing using Ion Proton semiconductor platform (ddRADseq-ion) with nonmodel organisms. Molecular Ecology Resources, 15(6), pp. 1316-1329. (doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12406) (PMID:25808755)

Kusche, H., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2015) Sympatric ecological divergence associated with a color polymorphism. BMC Biology, 13(1), 82. (doi:10.1186/s12915-015-0192-7) (PMID:26437665) (PMCID:PMC4594650)

Recknagel, H., Amos, A., and Elmer, K. R. (2015) Morphological and ecological variation among populations and subspecies of Burbot (Lota lota [L, 1758]) from the Mackenzie River Delta, Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 128(4), pp. 377-384.

Torres-Dowdall, J., Henning, F., Elmer, K.R., and Meyer, A. (2015) Ecological and lineage-specific factors drive the molecular evolution of rhodopsin in cichlid fishes. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32(11), pp. 2876-2882. (doi:10.1093/molbev/msv159) (PMID:26187436)

Recknagel, H., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2014) Crater lake habitat predicts morphological diversity in adaptive radiations of cichild fishes. Evolution, 68(7), pp. 2145-2155. (doi:10.1111/evo.12412)

Franchini, P., Fruciano, C., Spreitzer, M. L., Jones, J. C., Elmer, K. R., Henning, F., and Meyer, A. (2014) Genomic architecture of ecologically divergent body shape in a pair of sympatric crater lake cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology, 23(7), pp. 1828-1845. (doi:10.1111/mec.12590)

Kusche, H., Recknagel, H., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2014) Crater lake cichlids individually specialize along the benthic-limnetic axis. Ecology and Evolution, 4(7), pp. 1127-1139. (doi:10.1002/ece3.1015)

Elmer, K. R., Fan, S., Kusche, H., Luise Spreitzer, M., Kautt, A. F., Franchini, P., and Meyer, A. (2014) Parallel evolution of Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fishes via non-parallel routes. Nature Communications, 5(5168), (doi:10.1038/ncomms6168)

Recknagel, H., Elmer, K.R., Noonan, B.P., Raselimanana, A.P., Meyer, A., and Vences, M. (2013) Multi-gene phylogeny of Madagascar’s plated lizards, Zonosaurus and Tracheloptychus (Squamata: Gerrhosauridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 69(3), pp. 1215-1221. (doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.013)

Recknagel, H., Kusche, H., Elmer, K.R., and Meyer, A. (2013) Two new endemic species in the Midas cichlid species complex from Nicaraguan crater lakes: Amphilophus tolteca and Amphilophus viridis (Perciformes, Cichlidae). Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 19(4), pp. 207-224.

Manousaki, T., Hull, P. M., Kusche, H., Machado-Schiaffino, G., Franchini, P., Harrod, C., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2013) Parsing parallel evolution: ecological divergence and differential gene expression in the adaptive radiations of thick-lipped Midas cichlid fishes from Nicaragua. Molecular Ecology, 22(3), pp. 650-669. (doi:10.1111/mec.12034)

Elmer, K. R., Lehtonen, T. K., Fan, S., and Meyer, A. (2013) Crater lake Colonization by Neotropical Cichlid Fishes. Evolution, 67(1), pp. 281-288. (doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01755.x)

Elmer, K. R., Bonett, R. M., Wake, D. B., and Lougheed, S. C. (2013) Early miocene origin and cryptic diversification of South American salamanders. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13(59), (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-59)

Recknagel, H., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2013) A hybrid genetic linkage map of two ecologically and morphologically divergent Midas Cichlid fishes (Amphilophus spp.) obtained by massively parallel DNA sequencing (ddRADSeq). G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, 3(1), pp. 65-74. (doi:10.1534/g3.112.003897)

Kautt, A. F., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2012) Genomic signatures of divergent selection and speciation patterns in a ‘natural experiment’, the young parallel radiations of Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology, 21(19), pp. 4770-4786. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05738.x)

Elmer, K. R., Recknagel, H., Thompson, A., and Meyer, A. (2012) Asymmetric admixture and morphological variability at a suture zone: parapatric burbot subspecies (Pisces) in the Mackenzie River basin, Canada. Hydrobiologia, 683(1), pp. 217-229. (doi:10.1007/s10750-011-0959-y)

Fan, S., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2012) Genomics of adaptation and speciation in cichlid fishes: recent advances and analyses in African and Neotropical lineages. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367(1587), pp. 385-394. (doi:10.1098/rstb.2011.0247)

Fan, S., Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2011) Positive Darwinian selection drives the evolution of the morphology-related gene, EPCAM, in particularly species-rich lineages of African Cichlid fishes. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 73(1-2), pp. 1-9. (doi:10.1007/s00239-011-9452-5)

Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2011) Adaptation in the age of ecological genomics: insights from parallelism and convergence. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 26(6), pp. 298-306. (doi:10.1016/j.tree.2011.02.008)

Angienda, P. O., Lee, H. J., Elmer, K. R., Abila, R., Waindi, E. N., and Meyer, A. (2011) Genetic structure and gene flow in an endangered native tilapia fish (Oreochromis esculentus) compared to invasive Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Yala swamp, East Africa. Conservation Genetics, 12(1), pp. 243-255. (doi:10.1007/s10592-010-0136-2)

Elmer, K.R., Kusche, H., Lehtonen, T.K., and Meyer, A. (2010) Local variation and parallel evolution: morphological and genetic diversity across a species complex of neotropical crater lake cichlid fishes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365(1547), pp. 1763-1782. (doi:10.1098/rstb.2009.0271)

Elmer, K. R., and Meyer, A. (2010) Sympatric speciation without borders? Molecular Ecology, 19(10), pp. 1991-1993. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04612.x)

Elmer, K.R., Fan, S., Gunter, H.M., Jones, J.C., Boekhoff, S., Kuraku, S., and Meyer, A. (2010) Rapid evolution and selection inferred from the transcriptomes of sympatric crater lake cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology, 19(Sup s1), pp. 197-211. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04488.x)

Elmer, K.R., Lehtonen, T.K., Kautt, A.F., Harrod, C., and Meyer, A. (2010) Rapid sympatric ecological differentiation of crater lake cichlid fishes within historic times. BMC Biology, 8(1), p. 60. (doi:10.1186/1741-7007-8-60)

Elmer, K. R., Lehtonen, T. K., and Meyer, A. (2009) Color assortative mating contributes to sympatric divergence of neotropical cichlid fish. Evolution, 63(10), pp. 2750-2757. (doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00736.x)

Elmer, K.R., Reggio, C., Wirth, T., Verheyen, E., Salzburger, W., and Meyer, A. (2009) Pleistocene desiccation in East Africa bottlenecked but did not extirpate the adaptive radiation of Lake Victoria haplochromine cichlid fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(32), pp. 13404-13409. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0902299106)

Elmer, K.R., Thompson, L.R., and Meyer, A. (2009) Similar levels of diversity and population Structure in superflock and non-superflock cichlid fishes from Lake Victoria, Africa. Tropical Freshwater Biology, 18(2), (doi:10.4314/tfb.v18i2.63288)

Elmer, K. R., and Cannatella, D. C. (2008) Three new species of leaflitter frogs from the upper Amazon forests: cryptic diversity within Pristimantis “ockendeni” (Anura: Strabomantidae) in Ecuador. Zootaxa, 1784, pp. 11-38.

Elmer, K. R., Van Houdt, J. K.J., Meyer, A., and Volckaert, F. A.M. (2008) Population genetic structure of North American burbot (Lota lota maculosa) across the Nearctic and at its contact zone with Eurasian burbot (Lota lota lota). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 65(11), pp. 2412-2426. (doi:10.1139/F08-173)

Elmer, K.R., Dávila, J.A., and Lougheed, S.C. (2007) Applying new inter-individual approaches to assess fine-scale population genetic diversity in a neotropical frog, Eleutherodactylus ockendeni. Heredity, 99(5), pp. 506-515. (doi:10.1038/sj.hdy.6801025)

Elmer, K. R., Dávila, J. A., and Lougheed, S. C. (2007) Cryptic diversity and deep divergence in an upper Amazonian leaflitter frog, Eleutherodactylus ockendeni. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7(247), (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-247)

Elmer, K. R., Davilia, J. A., and Lougheed, S. C. (2006) Isolation of simple and compound polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellites for the neotropical leaflitter frog Eleutherodactylus ockendeni (Leptodactylidae). Molecular Ecology Notes, 6(3), pp. 891-893. (doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2006.01389.x)

Elmer, K. (2004) Geographic Distribution. Eleutherodactylus librarius. Herpetological Review, 35(1), p. 77.

Elmer, K. (2000) Education and Earth. Queen's Quarterly, 107(65),

This list was generated on Fri May 27 17:14:50 2016 BST.